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Stalingrad (1998)

de Antony Beevor

Outros autores: Veja a seção outros autores.

MembrosResenhasPopularidadeAvaliação médiaMenções
4,248622,804 (4.2)92
In June 1941, German forces swept across Soviet territory in an offensive that finally brought them within twenty-five miles of Moscow. But in August 1942, the overconfident Hitler chose the wrong target, Stalin?s namesake city on the Volga. The battle of Stalingrad is extraordinary in every way: the triumphant invader fought to a standstill; then the Soviet trap sprung, surrounding their attackers; and the terrible siege, with Germans starving and freezing, forced to fight on by a disbelieving Hitler.The story has never been told as Antony Beevor tells it here. He writes of the great Manichaean clash between Stalin and Hitler, and the strategic brilliance and fatal flaws of their generals. Stalingrad is first and foremost the story of the man on the ground, a soldier?s-eye view of fighting house-to-house on an urban battlefield, with helpless civilians caught in the crossfire. Beevor has gained access to Russian reports on desertions and executions that have never been seen by Western scholars, German transcripts of prisoner interrogations, and private letters and diaries. These help re-create the compelling human drama of the most terrible battle in modern warfare.… (mais)
Adicionado recentemente porbiblioteca privada, BooksCesareoCCF, Sinfuselaje, Busayo00, rashtrakut, historysmyth, kirst88, CandaceWagner, jcm790, swedezilla
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Mostrando 1-5 de 61 (seguinte | mostrar todas)
Very good book about a very bloody chapter of WW2. Starting from the initial German attack on Russia, initial successes and breakthroughs to finally settling on German 6th Army and attack on Stalingrad we follow deterioration of German military might and ever growing Soviet pressure that would start the major push westwards [that will end in Berlin itself].

Author shows the destruction Germans left in their wake, collusion between army and SS troops tasked with extermination of Slavs and creating the space for future German settlers and duplicity of German generals in these matters (Paulus and Manstein especially). All of this caused a very stubborn resistance (even suicidal in some areas) from Soviet Red Army and partisans troops. Not because they were fighting Germans as Germans but because they were fighting for the very survival. After initial heavy defeats it was clear what Germans had in mind for the entire country. Soviets weren't fighting for Stalinism as such, but organized around Stalin because he was the only rally point available. And it is not that Germans gave much other choice than to fight by tooth and nail.

Where author meanders and then stutters is unavoidable romantic depiction of German armies. This approach to history is a blot on historical cover of WW2 especially from western (and western influenced) countries. Germans by the end of the book are treated as defenders of Stalingrad (!) I mean what? And then there is cliche depiction of Soviets and Russians as ordinary peasants, always drinking, and always lacking something, led by merciless officers, sacrificing huge number of people to stop the Germans.
On the other side only Romanians are depicted as savages [even for their own troops], echo of very brutal feudal times. All other German allies that participated in this conflict - Hungarians, Austrians, contingents from area of Yugoslavia, even Slovaks (this surprised me a lot) - are always poetic souls (same as Germans) to the level it had me vomiting every so often.

What I find interesting is that in majority of books I read this idea that great Soviet casualties were not necessary. I am truly trying to figure out how they came to this conclusion - what was the other option? Surrender and vanish? Because when one fights for mere survival is it strange that drastic measures are used? They are bloody, but they worked - once front stabilized and industry was in full war footing, German armies were running back and at the end Germany was ruined. After Germans tried so much to touch, alter and end life of everyone in Soviet Union is it strange that Soviets decided to return the favor? Events that took place during German advancement were so final, literal point of no return, that to expect anything else but bloody revenge was wishful thinking (and Germans were aware of this).

Should we feel sorry for German army of WW2? No. They were treated in the same way they treated nations they conquered and brutalized during the 6 year period. They got what they deserved and it is truly sad that their ideals (and dehumanizing of the East) are again used and glorified in our times, 80 years later, not just by general propaganda but by the very German nation (that German sociologist/historian explaining on TV how Russians do not have same set of values as rest of Europe because they are Asian "mix" - bliiiimeeeeey! Disgusting).

Despite these shortcomings (which are to be honest shortcomings of majority of popular books in the western historical circles related to Eastern front (unfortunately more critical and objective books exist from 1960s but were never as popular as pro-German line)) book contains a lot of details on ordinary soldier's view of war and utter devastation of Stalingrad through available mail correspondence and diaries found on dead bodies after the major battles. This gives this very brutal theater of military operations a touch of humanity and shows how devastating war truly is (again something that was forgotten after these 80 years).

Recommended. ( )
1 vote Zare | Jan 23, 2024 |
My suggestion that Ray Monk’s career as a biographer peaked with his first book on Wittgenstein and became progressively less interesting attracted some vigorous comment when I reviewed his book on Oppenheimer earlier in the year. So I am expecting more of the same in putting forward the same thesis about (the much more popular and widely read) Antony Beevor. This book is possibly the most riveting piece of history I think I have ever read, surely at least one of the very best books of military history ever. Coming to it again after 20 years, I feel exactly the same sense of excitement and drama as I did when I first read it. So, highly recommended. And whilst I might read Beevor’s book on Berlin next (which I think was also his next book after this one) I am not sure how much further I would go. In my reading of his more recent books I find that much of the subject matter is less interesting and sadly so is much of the writing. But do read this ( )
  djh_1962 | Jan 7, 2024 |
The taking, destruction and retaking of Stalingrad. I read this book always thinking 'how could men endure this hell for so long?' Absolutely horrific conditions - Russian winters, starvation, nearly zero medical support and brutality brought on by both sides against not just each other, but also over their own brothers in arms. Both sides setting up special battalions whose only job was to shoot their own team if they retreated. Hitler and Stalin locked in a game over taking a city one wanted as a trophy and the other couldn't bear losing his namesake. The cost? Just all the people (soldiers & civilians) on the board of their little game. To hell with your life, defend that ground until you have one bullet left to use on yourself. The only thing that mattered was neither wanted to lose face. ( )
1 vote rayski | Dec 14, 2023 |
Tyskland og Sovjetunionen, 1941-1943
Indeholder "List of Illustrations", "List of Maps", "Preface", "Part One: 'The World will hold its breath!'", " 1. The Double-Edged Sword of Barbarossa", " 2. 'Nothing is Impossible for the German Soldier!'", " 3. 'Smash in the Door and Whole Rotten Structure Will Come Crashing Down!'", " 4. Hitler's Hubris: The Delayed Battle for Moscow", "Part Two: Barbarossa Relaunched", " 5. General Paulus's First Battle", " 6. 'How Much Land Does a Man Need?'", " 7. 'Not One Step Backwards'", " 8. 'The Volga is Reached!'", "Part Three: 'The Fateful City'", " 9. 'Time is Blood': The September Battles", " 10. Rattenkrieg", " 11. Traitors and Allies", " 12. Fortresses of Rubble and Iron", " 13. Paulus's Final Assault", " 14. 'All For the Front!'", "Part Four: Zhukov's Trap", " 15. Operation Uranus", " 16. Hitler's Obsession", " 17. 'The Fortress Without a Roof'", " 18. 'Der Manstein Kommt!'", " 19. Christmas in the German Way", "Part Five: The Subjugation of The Sixth Army", " 20. The Air-Bridge", " 21. 'Surrender Out of the Question'", " 22. 'A German Field Marschal Does Not Commit Suicide with a Pair of Nail Scissors!'", " 23. 'Stop Dancing! Stalingrad Has Fallen'", " 24. The City of the Dead", " 25. The Sword of Stalingrad", "Appendix A: German and Soviet Orders of Battle, 19 November 1942", "Appendix B: The Statistical Debate: Sixth Army Strength in the Kessel", "References", "Source Notes", "Select Bibliography", "Index".

Hitler har bestemt sig for at overfalde Sovjetunionen og har lullet Stalin ind i en tro på at det ikke vil ske. Operation Barbarossa er et uprovokeret angreb på Sovjetunionen uden krigserklæring og bare motiveret med en stak løgne, som Ribbentrop overbringer, men ikke bifalder. Den 21 juni 1941 går det løs. Hitler har givet ordrer der i praksis betyder massemord på civilbefolkningen, fx ved at eksportere alt korn fra Ukraine, så der ikke er noget tilbage at leve af. Hæren har en del officerer, der synes det er en dårlig ide at invadere Rusland, men folk har svoret troskab til Hitler, så når han siger det, kan det jo ikke være forkert. Propagandaen fortæller alle de store løgne om at det er en selvforsvarskrig, fordi Rusland truer Tyskland. Yeah right. Det er jo samme sang som Putin her i 2022 fortalte russerne om at de skulle afnazificere Ukraine.
I begyndelsen af Operation Barbarossa tromler tyskerne hen over uforberedte og dårligt ledede russiske tropper. Men Rusland er stort og folk, der forsvarer deres egen jord mod en skånselsløs invasion er meget velmotiverede. Nogle af de områder, som tyskerne havde tænkt let skulle kunne indtages, tager meget længere tid. Imens reorganiserer Stalin og Lillefar er ikke bare vred og skuffet. Han er rasende. Hitler går efter paradesejre for at kunne prale med at have indtaget Kiev. Imens fordufter chancerne for en sejr og erobring af Moskva. Og General Vinter står klar til at banke løs på tyskere i sommeruniformer. Hitler har strakt sine styrker noget tyndt, for det er jo dejligt at erobre store landområder på et kort. I praksis kæmper små lommer af russiske soldater videre selv om de er omringet og det binder tropper, som der er hårdt brug for andre steder. Hitlers tropper er tæt på at omringe Moskva, men det kikser og så er det tyskernes tur til at blive omgået af fjendtlige styrker. Efterår med søle og ufremkommelige veje sætter ind og kort efter en kold, kold vinter. Tyskernes tanks fryser til is. Imens henter Stalin vintertrænede soldater til og tyskerne bliver udsat for angreb af kosakregimenter, skiskytter og sågar hunde med antitankminer på ryggen. De sidste er blevet trænet til at finde deres mad under store køretøjer og nu er så blevet sluppet løs med en mine på ryggen. Tyskerne vænner sig hurtigt til at skyde alle hunde, de ser.
Nu er det så Stalins tur til at fantasere om at det må være supernemt at bekæmpe tyskerne, men han undervurdere deres evne til at improvisere og bide sig fast.
Udenfor slagmarken angriber japanerne USA og Hitler skynder sig også at erklære krig mod amerikanerne. Herefter er det kun et spørgsmål om tid og millioner af døde, før Hitler skyder sig selv i førerbunkeren.

???

Antony Beevor skildrer på disse få sider hele operationen som ender med en katastrofe for Adolf Hitler og hele Tyskland. Hitlers tænder ligger fortsat i KGB's arkiver i Moskva. Resten af liget blev ifølge de sovjetiske oplysninger brændt i 1970 i den tyske by Magdeburg og skyllet ud i kloaken. ( )
  bnielsen | Jun 4, 2023 |
Stalingrad är ett skakande tidsdokument om andra världskrigets kanske mest avgörande slag. Stalingrad innebar inte bara krigets psykologiska vändpunkt; det var också det första större slag i modern tid som utkämpades i en stad och som drog in civilbefolkningen i hänsynslösa strider.

Antony Beevor blandar stilistisk briljans med dokumentära rapporter och gripande personskildringar. Som underlag för boken har han använt sig av opublicerade dagboksanteckningar, brev, förhörsprotokoll och medicinska rapporter. Han har intervjuat överlevande och använt sig av material ur tills nyligen stängda ryska arkiv.
  CalleFriden | Mar 7, 2023 |
Mostrando 1-5 de 61 (seguinte | mostrar todas)
Stalingrad's heart-piercing tragedy needed a chronicler with acute insight into human nature as well as the forces of history. Antony Beevor is that historia.
adicionado por bgibbard | editarPhiladelphia Inquirer
 
Vividly told … a wonderfully readable work of history.
adicionado por bgibbard | editarThe Wall Street Journal
 

» Adicionar outros autores (10 possíveis)

Nome do autorFunçãoTipo de autorObra?Status
Antony Beevorautor principaltodas as ediçõescalculado
Bourdier, JeanTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Chocano Mena, MagdalenaTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Knudsen, BertilTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Kochmann, KlausTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Noble, PeterNarradorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Porto, AldaTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Westerveld, BabTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
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In June 1941, German forces swept across Soviet territory in an offensive that finally brought them within twenty-five miles of Moscow. But in August 1942, the overconfident Hitler chose the wrong target, Stalin?s namesake city on the Volga. The battle of Stalingrad is extraordinary in every way: the triumphant invader fought to a standstill; then the Soviet trap sprung, surrounding their attackers; and the terrible siege, with Germans starving and freezing, forced to fight on by a disbelieving Hitler.The story has never been told as Antony Beevor tells it here. He writes of the great Manichaean clash between Stalin and Hitler, and the strategic brilliance and fatal flaws of their generals. Stalingrad is first and foremost the story of the man on the ground, a soldier?s-eye view of fighting house-to-house on an urban battlefield, with helpless civilians caught in the crossfire. Beevor has gained access to Russian reports on desertions and executions that have never been seen by Western scholars, German transcripts of prisoner interrogations, and private letters and diaries. These help re-create the compelling human drama of the most terrible battle in modern warfare.

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