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Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact…
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Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact (original: 1935; edição: 1981)

de Ludwik Fleck (Autor), Thomas S. Kuhn (Prefácio), Thaddeus J. Trenn (Editor), Robert K. Merton (Editor), Frederick Bradley (Tradutor)1 mais, Thaddeus J. Trenn (Tradutor)

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Originally published in German in 1935, this monograph anticipated solutions to problems of scientific progress, the truth of scientific fact and the role of error in science now associated with the work of Thomas Kuhn and others. Arguing that every scientific concept and theory—including his own—is culturally conditioned, Fleck was appreciably ahead of his time. And as Kuhn observes in his foreword, "Though much has occurred since its publication, it remains a brilliant and largely unexploited resource." "To many scientists just as to many historians and philosophers of science facts are things that simply are the case: they are discovered through properly passive observation of natural reality. To such views Fleck replies that facts are invented, not discovered. Moreover, the appearance of scientific facts as discovered things is itself a social construction, a made thing. A work of transparent brilliance, one of the most significant contributions toward a thoroughly sociological account of scientific knowledge."—Steven Shapin, Science… (mais)
Membro:cmkortright
Título:Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact
Autores:Ludwik Fleck (Autor)
Outros autores:Thomas S. Kuhn (Prefácio), Thaddeus J. Trenn (Editor), Robert K. Merton (Editor), Frederick Bradley (Tradutor), Thaddeus J. Trenn (Tradutor)
Informação:University of Chicago Press
Coleções:Sua biblioteca
Avaliação:
Etiquetas:Science and Technology Studies, Philosophy of Science, Social Construction, Knowledge, History

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Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact de Ludwik Fleck (1935)

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An absolutely essential book in the philosophy and sociology of science. Originally published in 1935, this truly remarkable book seems to anticipate major arguments and concepts from some of the most prominent figures in the philosophy and sociology of science since the 1970s. Fleck's concepts of thought style and thought collective is suggestive of Kuhn's notion of a paradign and Foucault's episteme; his distinction between vade mecum science and experimental practice seems to anticipate Latour's distinction between ready-made science and science in action.

Perhaps most importantly, Fleck defty and persuasively explains that his radical contextualization of knowledge does not amount to relativism. He is much better than more recent philosophers and sociologists of science at showing that, although facts are not plucked whole from nature like ripe fruit but created and developed by scientists so that what might be a fact in one historical context need not be in another, facts are nonetheless very substantial and real.

Most interestingly and uniquely, Fleck gives makes clear and persuasive an idea that as a historian has always seemed doubtful to me: that an idea could be ahead of (or behind) its time. Surely this is a book that was ahead of its time when it was published in 1935. Rather, it seemed to capture perfectly the key ideas and spirit of science studies as they have developed since the 1970s. ( )
  JFBallenger | Feb 13, 2007 |
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Originally published in German in 1935, this monograph anticipated solutions to problems of scientific progress, the truth of scientific fact and the role of error in science now associated with the work of Thomas Kuhn and others. Arguing that every scientific concept and theory—including his own—is culturally conditioned, Fleck was appreciably ahead of his time. And as Kuhn observes in his foreword, "Though much has occurred since its publication, it remains a brilliant and largely unexploited resource." "To many scientists just as to many historians and philosophers of science facts are things that simply are the case: they are discovered through properly passive observation of natural reality. To such views Fleck replies that facts are invented, not discovered. Moreover, the appearance of scientific facts as discovered things is itself a social construction, a made thing. A work of transparent brilliance, one of the most significant contributions toward a thoroughly sociological account of scientific knowledge."—Steven Shapin, Science

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507.2 — Natural sciences and mathematics General Science Education And Research Research

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