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The Consolation of Philosophy

de Boethius

Outros autores: Veja a seção outros autores.

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4,104372,128 (3.89)101
In this highly praised new translation of Boethius's The Consolation of Philosophy, David R. Slavitt presents a graceful, accessible, and modern version for both longtime admirers of one of the great masterpieces of philosophical literature and those encountering it for the first time. Slavitt preserves the distinction between the alternating verse and prose sections in the Latin original, allowing us to appreciate the Menippian parallels between the discourses of literary and logical inquiry. His prose translations are lively and colloquial, conveying the argumentative, occasionally bantering tone of the original, while his verse translations restore the beauty and power of Boethius's poetry. The result is a major contribution to the art of translation. Those less familiar with Consolation may remember it was written under a death sentence. Boethius (c. 480-524), an Imperial official under Theodoric, Ostrogoth ruler of Rome, found himself, in a time of political paranoia, denounced, arrested, and then executed two years later without a trial. Composed while its author was imprisoned, cut off from family and friends, it remains one of Western literature's most eloquent meditations on the transitory nature of earthly belongings, and the superiority of things of the mind. In an artful combination of verse and prose, Slavitt captures the energy and passion of the original. And in an introduction intended for the general reader, Seth Lerer places Boethius's life and achievement in context.… (mais)
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The Consolation of Philosophy was written in AD 523 during a one-year imprisonment Boethius served while awaiting trial—and eventual execution–for the alleged crime of treason under the Ostrogothic King Theodoric the Great. Boethius was at the very heights of power in Rome, holding the prestigious office of magister officiorum, and was brought down by treachery. This experience inspired the text, which reflects on how evil can exist in a world governed by God, and how happiness is still attainable amidst fickle fortune, while also considering the nature of happiness and God.

Boethius writes the book as a conversation between himself and a female personification of philosophy. Philosophy consoles Boethius by discussing the transitory nature of fame and wealth, and the ultimate superiority of things of the mind. She contends that happiness comes from within, and that virtue is all that one truly has, because it is not imperiled by the vicissitudes of fortune.

Boethius engages with the nature of predestination and free will, the problem of evil, human nature, virtue, and justice. He speaks about the nature of free will and determinism when he asks if God knows and sees all, or does man have free will. On human nature, Boethius says that humans are essentially good and only when they give in to “wickedness” they “sink to the level of being an animal.” On justice, he says criminals are not to be abused, rather treated with sympathy and respect, using the analogy of doctor and patient to illustrate the ideal relationship between prosecutor and criminal.

In the Consolation, Boethius answered religious questions without reference to Christianity, relying solely on natural philosophy and the Classical Greek tradition. He believed in the correspondence between faith and reason. The truths found in Christianity would be no different from the truths found in philosophy. In the words of Henry Chadwick, "If the Consolation contains nothing distinctively Christian, it is also relevant that it contains nothing specifically pagan either...[it] is a work written by a Platonist who is also a Christian."

Boethius repeats the Macrobius model of the Earth in the center of a spherical cosmos.

From the Carolingian epoch to the end of the Middle Ages and beyond The Consolation of Philosophy was one of the most popular and influential philosophical works, read by statesmen, poets, and historians, as well as by philosophers and theologians. It is through Boethius that much of the thought of the Classical period was made available to the Western Medieval world. It has often been said Boethius was the “last of the Romans and the first of the Scholastics”.

The philosophical message of the book fits well with the religious piety of the Middle Ages. Boethius encouraged readers not to pursue worldly goods such as money and power, but to seek internalized virtues. Evil had a purpose, to provide a lesson to help change for good; while suffering from evil was seen as virtuous. Because God ruled the universe through Love, prayer to God and the application of Love would lead to true happiness. The Middle Ages, with their vivid sense of an overruling fate, found in Boethius an interpretation of life closely akin to the spirit of Christianity. The Consolation stands, by its note of fatalism and its affinities with the Christian doctrine of humility, midway between the pagan philosophy of Seneca the Younger and the later Christian philosophy of consolation represented by Thomas à Kempis. ( )
  Marcos_Augusto | Feb 24, 2021 |
This was a great philosophy book by an extremely keen and agile mind that explores many topics. The format is good, the wisdom is plentiful, and the overall writing is strong. This is a great book for those interested in classics and those who are intrigued by philosophy.

4 stars! ( )
  DanielSTJ | Mar 8, 2020 |
The Penguin Classics translation by Victor Watts has a very helpful introduction and footnotes. Books I and II held my interest, but by the time I got to Book V and the arguments about divine perception of time it was a struggle to keep my mind from wandering. ( )
  encephalical | Jul 28, 2019 |
> « La Consolation de la Philosophie », Traduit du latin par MC., 1771 - 250 p. - Éd. Nataraj
Ce livre, écrit au VIe siècle dans une prison romaine peu avant la mise à mort de son auteur, est un classique de la Sophia. --Revue 3e millénaire, Hiver 1997
  Joop-le-philosophe | Apr 4, 2019 |
One of C.S. Lewis' favorite books. I gave a copy to my father as a Christmas gift in 2007.
  bookishblond | Oct 24, 2018 |
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"'The Consolation of Philosophy', composed in jail, here inspires a former prisoner [in Lebanon] to write a moving preface [to the Folio edition].
 

» Adicionar outros autores (56 possíveis)

Nome do autorFunçãoTipo de autorObra?Status
Boethiusautor principaltodas as ediçõescalculado
Šuvajevs, IgorsPosfácioautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Bax, Ernest-BelfortEditorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Bettetini, MariaEditorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Briedis, LeonsTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Buchanan, James JEditorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Colvile, GeorgeTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Del Re, RaffaelloEditorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Edman, IrwinIntroduçãoautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
James, H. R.Tradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Kļaviņš, AivarsEditorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Keenan, BrianPrefácioautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Sarsila, JuhaniTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Schotman, J.W.Tradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Walsh, P. G.Tradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
Watts, VictorTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado
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In this highly praised new translation of Boethius's The Consolation of Philosophy, David R. Slavitt presents a graceful, accessible, and modern version for both longtime admirers of one of the great masterpieces of philosophical literature and those encountering it for the first time. Slavitt preserves the distinction between the alternating verse and prose sections in the Latin original, allowing us to appreciate the Menippian parallels between the discourses of literary and logical inquiry. His prose translations are lively and colloquial, conveying the argumentative, occasionally bantering tone of the original, while his verse translations restore the beauty and power of Boethius's poetry. The result is a major contribution to the art of translation. Those less familiar with Consolation may remember it was written under a death sentence. Boethius (c. 480-524), an Imperial official under Theodoric, Ostrogoth ruler of Rome, found himself, in a time of political paranoia, denounced, arrested, and then executed two years later without a trial. Composed while its author was imprisoned, cut off from family and friends, it remains one of Western literature's most eloquent meditations on the transitory nature of earthly belongings, and the superiority of things of the mind. In an artful combination of verse and prose, Slavitt captures the energy and passion of the original. And in an introduction intended for the general reader, Seth Lerer places Boethius's life and achievement in context.

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