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Ultralearning: Master Hard Skills, Outsmart…

Ultralearning: Master Hard Skills, Outsmart the Competition, and… (edição: 2019)

de Scott Young (Autor), Scott Young (Narrador), HarperAudio (Publisher)

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218695,808 (3.85)1
"Future-proof your career and maximize your competitive advantage by becoming an Ultralearner --the skill necessary to stay relevant, reinvent yourself, and adapt to whatever the workplace throws your way"--
Título:Ultralearning: Master Hard Skills, Outsmart the Competition, and Accelerate Your Career
Autores:Scott Young (Autor)
Outros autores:Scott Young (Narrador), HarperAudio (Publisher)
Informação:HarperAudio (2019)
Coleções:Sua biblioteca

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Ultralearning: Master Hard Skills, Outsmart the Competition, and Accelerate Your Career de Scott Young


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Mostrando 1-5 de 6 (seguinte | mostrar todas)
I am both fascinated by, and weary of, the idea of Ultralearning.

I love it because it's a highly focused method to acquire the knowledge, skills and habits I desire to achieve. The daydreams of my life are suddenly in the realm of possibility. Or at least seem to be.

But I loathe it as well because it feeds the meritocracy treadmill that modern life has forced upon us and might not let up anytime soon. If I think about Ultralearning while in the wrong mindset, it all sounds terribly exhausting and outside reasonable expectations.

There's a preface here by James Clear, who wrote Atomic Habits. These books are like fraternal twins and I recommend both if you want real solutions to learning. But the lesson isn't how to cut corners. If you desire to be better, then it's going to require focus and hard work. ( )
  Daniel.Estes | Apr 26, 2021 |
Amazing breakdown of how to better learn essensially any subject, as well as a good window into how to decide what might be worth learning. ( )
  RandomCitizens | Jan 9, 2021 |
Overall good book with a nice mix of storytelling and factual information.

The biggest thing I got out of this book was portions about "Directness" and how a lack there of leads to slow progress.
In particular how people will continue to try to learn something using a more easy and less stressful method even if a more direct method exists, because they don't deem themselves ready.
This resonated with me because this is what I was doing in my attempts to learn how to dance. I avoided the socials where people actually dance because I was afraid of being bad/embarrassed and instead was just taking group lessons because they were less stressful.
That section made me realize what I already knew, that I have to be willing to experience discomfort if I want to improve more rapidly...

A gripe I had was that there weren't many examples of mundane ultra learning projects. With the more extraordinary transformations, I have a harder time believing that the people doing them weren't predisposed to achieving those great things. ( )
  arashout | Dec 13, 2020 |
Inspiring and possibly useful book about learning.
Chapter I Can You Get an MIT Education Without Going to MIT?
Chapter II Why Ultralearning Matters
Chapter III How to Become an Ultralearner
Chapter IV Principle 1-Metalearning: First Draw a Map
Chapter V Principle 2-Focus: Sharpen Your Knife
-Starting. Recognize. Get over the limited time of maximal boringness, painfulness. Pomodoro technique. Carve out time in calendar, but must follow. Ok to go back one stage.
-Sustaining. 15-60 minutes. 1 Environment. Adjust. Test. Avoid multitasking. 2 the task itself. Hard, less opportunity to just go through the motions. 3 the Mind. Refocus. Guide back to task.
-Right kind of focus. Arousal and task complexity. Narrow focus and high arousal for low complexity. High comp may benefit from lower arousal. Self test, optimize.
Improving ability to focus.

Chapter VI Principle 3-Directness: Go Straight Ahead
Learn in a way as close as possible to how the skills will be employed. Ex: software for architecture work, having conversations instead of words and phrases for language. Learning by doing. The problem of transfer of learning. Overcome with directness, closer better. Communicate to others also helpful. More knowledge makes transfer easier.
How to learn directly. Effective but hard. Tactics: 1. Project based learning, make something, eg. a thing, paper. 2. Immersive learning. Language canonical ex. Joining communities, eg. software forums. 3. Flight simulator method. If cannot learn irl. 4. Overkill approach. Increase pressure and demands. Aim for the stars.

Chapter VII Principle 4-Drill: Attack Your Weakest Point
Practice weak points that slow you down. But also other points to free up cognitive resources. Tension with directness, but resolve with direct then drill approach. Initial feedback, then drill. Finally back to direct practice. Drill may not work, must evaluate. Often uncomfortable, overcome with: time slice, one skill like tones in Mandarin even if will be used with other skills, copycat eg copying other’s drawings, magnifying glass on one subskill, starting too hard then go back and learn prerequisite.

Chapter VIII Principle 5-Retrieval: Test to Learn
The difficulty itself is important. Retrieving info from memory more effective than passive review. Start to test before feel ready. Optimal delay of test. Take end test before start. But may learn wrong ways?
Useful retrieval methods:
Flashcards. Software. Well for pairing between specific cue and a particular response. Eg. Foreign language words, maps, anatomical diagrams, definitions or equations. But with variable contexts like programming less well.
Free recall. Eg. after reading an article.
Question book method. Rephrase notes as questions. Try to ask about main point/bug idea rather than unimportant fact.
Self generated challenges.
Closed book learning.
Produce the answer rather than simply reviewing it.

Chapter IX Principle 6-Feedback: Don't Dodge the Punches
Essential, but must be of the right kind and not over or under react to it. Often uncomfortable, but very valuable if can be overcome.
Outcome, informational, corrective feedback. Outcome aggregated. Info tells what does not work, elemental. Corrective gives guidance, how to fix. Be critical to the feedback.
How quick? Quick, but need to perform the full retrieval task. And with review, See spacing.

Chapter X Principle 7-Retention: Don't Fill a Leaky Bucket
Nigel Richards scrabble. Active recall and rehearsal. Intense learner, practice.
Understand forgetting. Exponential decay, then taper off. Both during a project and later. Software and simpler systems used. Four mechanisms:
Spacing. Don’t cram, spread out. SRS, flashcards. Single facts, etc. Refresher projects a method.
Proceduralisation. Know how, part of a routine/procedure. Eg. typing, recall with pretend to use a keyboard.
Over-learning. A little extra.
Mnemonics. Pictures, visuals. But requires large upfront investments and use may be a little slow in use. Mostly for specifics.

Chapter XI Principle 8-Intuition: Dig Deep Before Building Up
Solve a lot of concrete problems to build intuition.
Want to give up? Struggle timer.
Prove things oneself.
Think we understand things, but draw bicycle or can opener...
“Feynman technique” write down problem, then as explanation to someone else, explain solution method and why good, if unclear or stuck go to textbook.
Visual version of problem.

Chapter XII Principle 9-Experimentation: Explore Outside Your Comfort Zone
With learning resources
Experiement with active exploration
Some strategies to try:
Copy, then create.
Compare side by side, varying just a single element, split tests.
New constraints, must explore.
Combine skills, eg. engineer and public speaking.
Explore extremes, search possibilities.
Experimentation also applies to the principles.

Chapter XIII Your First Ultralearning Project
Do research.
1. Topic, scope
2. Primary resources. Books, people, software, activities.
3. Benchmark. What have others done? And learnt. See eg. in Forums.
4. Direct practice activities.
5. Backup materials and drills.
Schedule your time. Decide how much to allocate in advance. And when. Consistent schedule good. Length of commitment. Divide if very long. End by schedule in your calendar. Pilot week may be good.
Execute your plan. Check if you are following principles well, what works or not.
Review after completion.
Maintain what is learnt, either through spaced repetition, or better, integrate into life. Relearning also possible. Mastery, by continued practice or new Ultralearning project, best.
Alternatives to Ultralearning: 1. low intensity habits, speaking a language more, program because necessary for work. Ultralearning nevertheless good because gets you to a level where learning more becomes easy and fun.
2. Formal, structured education. Credentials may be necessary. Edu may create good environment or community.

Chapter XIV An Unconventional Education
Polgar Sisters. Sees the principles, intensive learning.
Applicable at home, in schools, organizations, etc? Suggestions:
1. Create/let people create inspiring goals.
2. Be careful with competition. Should provide right kind of feedback and maintain motivation.
3. Make learning a priority.
Learning something opens up new possibilities and interests.

I do not doubt these strategies worked well for young, however, they may not work for others. Probably just have to try and experiment. My problem is that I often know what is needed, it is the commitment and just doing it that lacks. Most useful with the practical tips. Mentions people not undertaking learning projects for financial gain, then writes much about why do it for career reasons. The biggest issue that is not discussed in the book is selection – how many tried these things and failed? Some dropped out, those who stuck with the process may be different. One way to summarize the content: Concepts, facts, procedures. Some time, e.g. 10% for research. Starting, sustaining and optimizing quality of their focus. Anyway a highly inspiring book. Recommended. ( )
  ohernaes | Nov 5, 2020 |
I found the first chapter or so of this book incredibly off-putting. However, since it had been recommended by a friend, I kept going and found it quite enjoyable and interesting once you got past that first bit. (I think all of the stories were supposed to be inspiring, but I just found that everyone involved sounded *really annoying*.)

On reflection, I don't think there was much in here that came as a big surprise to me; however, it does draw together a lot of recommendations that seem like they will be useful. I'll let you know if I ever do one of these projects. ( )
  RJ_Stevenson | Aug 19, 2020 |
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