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Creating Minds: An Anatomy of Creativity as…
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Creating Minds: An Anatomy of Creativity as Seen Through the Lives of… (edição: 1994)

de Howard E. Gardner (Autor)

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Howard Gardner changed the way we think about intelligence. In his classic workFrames of Mind, he undermined the common notion that intelligence is a single capacity that every human being possesses to a greater or lesser extent. Now building on the framework he developed for understanding intelligence, Gardner gives us a path breaking view of creativity, along with riveting portraits of seven figures who each reinvented an area of human endeavor. Using as a point of departure his concept of seven "intelligences," ranging from musical intelligence to the intelligence involved in understanding oneself, Gardner examines seven extraordinary individuals--Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, T.S. Eliot, Martha Graham, and Mahatma Gandhi--each an outstanding exemplar of one kind of intelligence. Understanding the nature of their disparate creative breakthroughs not only sheds light on their achievements but also helps to elucidate the "modern era"--the times that formed these creators and which they in turn helped to define. While focusing on the moment of each creator's most significant breakthrough, Gardner discovers patterns crucial to our understanding of the creative process. Not surprisingly, Gardner believes that a single variety of creativity is a myth. But he supplies evidence that certain personality configurations and needs characterize creative individuals in our time, and that numerous commonalities color the ways in which ideas are conceived, articulated, and disseminated to the public. Henotes, for example, that it almost invariably takes ten years to make the initial creative breakthrough and another ten years for subsequent breakthroughs. Creative people feature unusual combinations of intelligence and personality, and Gardner delineates the indispensable role of the circumstances in which an individual works and the crucial reactions of the surrounding group of informed peers. He finds that an essential element of the creative process is the support of caring individuals whobelieve in the revolutionary ideas of the creators. And he documents the fact that extraordinary creativity almost always carries with it extraordinary costs in human terms.… (mais)
Membro:ashleysb
Título:Creating Minds: An Anatomy of Creativity as Seen Through the Lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi
Autores:Howard E. Gardner (Autor)
Informação:Basic Books (1994), Edition: Reprint, 464 pages
Coleções:Sua biblioteca
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Creating Minds: An Anatomy of Creativity Seen Through the Lives of Freud, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi de Howard Gardner

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Kuhn's book did indeed create its own paradigm shift. But curiously, Kuhn never seemed to realise that those who change paradigms are nearly always a completely different kind of scientist than those who extend existing ones. The paradigm breakers are those few who "can't be told anything", who automatically question everything, and who tend to either make a huge breakthrough or (more usually) to pass on without a ripple. They are the few who blew their stacks over the APS slogan "Science is Curiosity Satisfied" when it was accepted by a large majority of APS members - non-paradigm-breakers all.

When it comes to things like the Periodic Table, it's worth recalling that scientists clung on to Ptolemy's ideas for well over a thousand years. The paradigm shift initiated by the Copernican revolution didn't render obsolete the data built up over the previous millennia (indeed, it was used to support Copernicus's ideas), it just set it in a new light. Given the fact that scientists always change their minds, the same could happen here; the facts will remain the same, but they will be put in a new light. If the past is anything to go by, there is a very high probability this will happen. The Periodic Table is now understood in a vastly different way to Mendeleev, who invented it; Quantum Mechanics saw to that. Mendeleev knew nothing of electrons and protons, etc. [You can find the details in Eric Scerri's book on The Periodic Table.]

And, of course, Relativity Theory has meant that Geocentric models of the solar system are now no less scientific than Heliocentric models are -- the Equivalence Principle lies behind this shift (http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spacetime-iframes/ and http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/2005/10/03/does-the-earth-move-...)

It's not a terribly sucessful take on the subject, but nevertheless read H.E.Gardner's "Creating Minds" to get a sense of those who kick science into progress. ( )
  antao | Apr 12, 2019 |
Interesting study, but too many diversions from the initial paradigm, ie pages spent on explaining Einstein's theories, seem more like Gardner showing off, as it is irrelevant to the thesis. The structural matrix of creativity — domain, field, person — is helpful. The book could have been much shorter and accessible and still made the same points. The opening and closing chapters are the most practical.

Like Malcolm Gladwell (who seems to be an evangelist for Gardner's ideas) after him, Gardner makes some poignant observations. And, like Gladwell, Gardner is a master of pointing out the obvious- ie long-term engagement in a discipline is necessary for success.

The Cliff Notes version would be great- with an outline of the matrix and the various tables of analysis.

Overall- a necessary if not desirable read on the subject of creative development. ( )
  chriszodrow | May 5, 2010 |
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Howard Gardner changed the way we think about intelligence. In his classic workFrames of Mind, he undermined the common notion that intelligence is a single capacity that every human being possesses to a greater or lesser extent. Now building on the framework he developed for understanding intelligence, Gardner gives us a path breaking view of creativity, along with riveting portraits of seven figures who each reinvented an area of human endeavor. Using as a point of departure his concept of seven "intelligences," ranging from musical intelligence to the intelligence involved in understanding oneself, Gardner examines seven extraordinary individuals--Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, T.S. Eliot, Martha Graham, and Mahatma Gandhi--each an outstanding exemplar of one kind of intelligence. Understanding the nature of their disparate creative breakthroughs not only sheds light on their achievements but also helps to elucidate the "modern era"--the times that formed these creators and which they in turn helped to define. While focusing on the moment of each creator's most significant breakthrough, Gardner discovers patterns crucial to our understanding of the creative process. Not surprisingly, Gardner believes that a single variety of creativity is a myth. But he supplies evidence that certain personality configurations and needs characterize creative individuals in our time, and that numerous commonalities color the ways in which ideas are conceived, articulated, and disseminated to the public. Henotes, for example, that it almost invariably takes ten years to make the initial creative breakthrough and another ten years for subsequent breakthroughs. Creative people feature unusual combinations of intelligence and personality, and Gardner delineates the indispensable role of the circumstances in which an individual works and the crucial reactions of the surrounding group of informed peers. He finds that an essential element of the creative process is the support of caring individuals whobelieve in the revolutionary ideas of the creators. And he documents the fact that extraordinary creativity almost always carries with it extraordinary costs in human terms.

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