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The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End

de Robert Gerwarth

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2731073,537 (4.03)5
Winner of the Tomlinson Book Prize ATimes Literary Supplement Best Book of 2016 An epic, groundbreaking account of the ethnic and state violence that followed the end of World War I--conflicts that would shape the course of the twentieth century For the Western Allies, November 11, 1918, has always been a solemn date--the end of fighting that had destroyed a generation, but also a vindication of a terrible sacrifice with the total collapse of the principal enemies: the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. But for much of the rest of Europe this was a day with no meaning, as a continuing, nightmarish series of conflicts engulfed country after country. InThe Vanquished, a highly original and gripping work of history, Robert Gerwarth asks us to think again about the true legacy of the First World War. In large part it was not the fighting on the Western Front that proved so ruinous to Europe's future, but the devastating aftermath, as countries on both sides of the original conflict were savaged by revolutions, pogroms, mass expulsions, and further major military clashes. In the years immediately after the armistice, millions would die across central, eastern, and southeastern Europe before the Soviet Union and a series of rickety and exhausted small new states would come into being. It was here, in the ruins of Europe, that extreme ideologies such as fascism would take shape and ultimately emerge triumphant. As absorbing in its drama as it is unsettling in its analysis,The Vanquished is destined to transform our understanding of not just the First World War but the twentieth century as a whole.… (mais)
Adicionado recentemente porbiblioteca privada, ejmw, pjmorton, jmhowitt, sgtbigg, Stenger, roblavin95, j.a.lesen, William_W
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» Veja também 5 menções

Inglês (6)  Holandês (2)  Espanhol (1)  Francês (1)  Todos os idiomas (10)
Mostrando 1-5 de 10 (seguinte | mostrar todas)
Great stuff: puts lots of meat on the bones of my assumption that 'WWI led to WWII,' by showing how revolution, civil war, and the collapse of empires destabilized huge swathes of central and Eastern Europe. Also, despite the blurbs, not all that 'epic.' In fact, pleasantly short, the kind of book I might have time to re-read, just so it really sinks in. ( )
  stillatim | Oct 23, 2020 |
Many stories some more interesting than others; short on analysis. I found details of goings on in Bulgaria to remote and outside the mainstream of history; the chapter on Russia I could have written myself; the Goldilocks item was on the Greek invasion of Asia Minor where I was well-versed in the outline but this filled in a lot of detail, especially the direct responsibility of Venizelos. My audio version marred by the all-too-common mangling of foreign names (e.g. Venízelos instead of Venizélos) - why can't they take a bit of trouble to find out if they don't know!

Peacemakers 1919 by Margaret MacMillian covers similar ground more systematically. ( )
  vguy | Dec 10, 2019 |
La I1 guerra mundial era la guerra que ib a acabar con todas las guerras. Los tres imperios moribundos, el otómano, el ruso y el austrohungaro, habían desaparecido al terminar la guerra y los conflictos creados por unos tratados de paz angostos de mira, mezquinos y cortoplacistas crearon el germen perfecto para los tres conflictos que se reunirían en la 2da guerra mundial: una lucha de clases, una guerra civil y los conflictos entre estados. ( )
  sergiouribe | Sep 19, 2019 |
Une étude intéressante sur les conséquences de la Grande Guerre du côté des vaincus ou de ceux qui ont raté leur victoire. ( )
  Nikoz | May 26, 2019 |
If I was just going to rate this book simply from my own perspective I might only give it 3.5 stars, as I'm intellectually quite saturated in the historical and ideological issues that Gerwarth is dealing with. However, most readers are not and this examination of how the political structures of 1914 were reduced to rubble, opening the door to the pursuit of pure national states as the ultimate end of politics, and all the ensuing horrors that resulted from that political philosophy is to be welcomed. This is besides Gerwarth's consideration of the hard-minded attitudes provoked by the excesses of Bolshevik political takeover and the simple resentment resulting from the loss of social and ethnic predominance experienced by many people in the collapse of the great European empires. Perhaps if the great economic crash of 1929 had not occurred enough time could have been bought to build a better political order, but it didn't, leaving us with a world where we're still working through the damage done by the Great War. Gerwarth notes towards the end of his history that Adolph Hitler was a great admirer of Kemal Ataturk, for how he built a nation state that was "radically secular, nationalist and ethnically homogeneous" and that successfully faced down the established powers; the nation-state is a jealous god and is still the main god of this world. ( )
  Shrike58 | Mar 16, 2019 |
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Nome do autorFunçãoTipo de autorObra?Status
Gerwarth, RobertAutorautor principaltodas as ediçõesconfirmado
Blanchard, AurélienTradutorautor secundárioalgumas ediçõesconfirmado

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(Introduction)

« Les deux camps, vainqueur comme vaincu, étaient en ruine. Tous les empereurs et leurs successeurs avaient été tués ou destitués. […] Tous étaient vaincus ; tous étaient dévastés ; tout ce qu'ils avaient donné, ils l'avaient donné en vain. Personne n'avait rien gagné […]. Ceux qui avaient survécu, les vétérans d'innombrables batailles, qu'ils soient couronnés de laurier ou qu'ils pleurent la défaite, revinrent à un foyer déjà englouti par la catastrophe. »
Winston Churchill, The Unknown War, 1931.
(Introduction)

« Cette guerre ne marque pas la fin mais le début de la violence. Elle est la forge dans laquelle le monde sera martelé afin de créer de nouvelles frontières et de nouvelles communautés. Ces nouveaux moules ont soif de sang, et le pouvoir sera exercé d'une main de fer. »
Ernst Jünger, Der Kampf als inneres Erlebnis, 1928.
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C'est le 9 septembre 1922 que les passions excitées par une décennie de guerre se déchaînèrent sur la ville de Smyrne. [...]
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Winner of the Tomlinson Book Prize ATimes Literary Supplement Best Book of 2016 An epic, groundbreaking account of the ethnic and state violence that followed the end of World War I--conflicts that would shape the course of the twentieth century For the Western Allies, November 11, 1918, has always been a solemn date--the end of fighting that had destroyed a generation, but also a vindication of a terrible sacrifice with the total collapse of the principal enemies: the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. But for much of the rest of Europe this was a day with no meaning, as a continuing, nightmarish series of conflicts engulfed country after country. InThe Vanquished, a highly original and gripping work of history, Robert Gerwarth asks us to think again about the true legacy of the First World War. In large part it was not the fighting on the Western Front that proved so ruinous to Europe's future, but the devastating aftermath, as countries on both sides of the original conflict were savaged by revolutions, pogroms, mass expulsions, and further major military clashes. In the years immediately after the armistice, millions would die across central, eastern, and southeastern Europe before the Soviet Union and a series of rickety and exhausted small new states would come into being. It was here, in the ruins of Europe, that extreme ideologies such as fascism would take shape and ultimately emerge triumphant. As absorbing in its drama as it is unsettling in its analysis,The Vanquished is destined to transform our understanding of not just the First World War but the twentieth century as a whole.

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