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The Great Sea: A Human History of the…
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The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean (original: 2011; edição: 2011)

de David Abulafia (Autor)

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598729,244 (4.08)10
Presents a history of human interaction and cultural relations in the Mediterranean Sea region, from prehistoric times to the present day.
Membro:MARizzo72
Título:The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean
Autores:David Abulafia (Autor)
Informação:Oxford University Press (2011), Edition: 1, 816 pages
Coleções:Sua biblioteca
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Etiquetas:Nenhum(a)

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The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean de David Abulafia (2011)

Adicionado recentemente porArdashir, biblioteca privada, TorredoCorvo, bejavier, asukamaxwell, PGWilliams71, KCOJ, RicDodo, AndreLorenz
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Amazon.com Review Amazon Best Books of the Month, October 2011: In this expansive yet detailed historical gem, David Abulafia covers the full course of human history on the Mediterranean. Beginning more than 20,000 years ago with Cro-Magnon cave dwellers on Gibraltar and stretching to the present, Abulafia treats the Great Sea as “the Liquid Continent,” a place peopled and traveled—where trade, cultural exchange, and empire-building were forces as key to life as currents, tides, and weather patterns. The book deftly illustrates how the Mediterranean was always big enough to keep cultures apart, thus allowing them the space to flourish as unique entities, but that it was never so big that differing cultures couldn’t interact. The result is an epic story of trade and conflict, showing how differences in language, religion, law, and other human flashpoints sparked so much of what we think of today simply as culture. --Chris Schluep
Amazon Exclusive: Author Q&A with David Abulafia Author David Abulafia Q: What role did Greek mythology and Homeric poetry play in creating a lasting conception of the Mediterranean? A: The seas described in Homer's Odyssey are a strange amalgam of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, of east and west. Circe the sorceress seems to live in the east, where the sun rises, while Scylla and Charybdis are often identified with the straits between Sicily and mainland Italy. Despite those muddles, Homer does provide fascinating testimony to knowledge of the seas among the Greek colonists in Ionia (what is now eastern Turkey), whose dialect was the basis of Homeric Greek. He knew about Phoenician sailors and was not very complimentary about them. Above all, he placed Odysseus' kingdom at the western limits of Greece, on Ithaka, which he portrayed as an island where it was natural to know how to handle boats. What we see is a dawning conception of the extent of the Mediterranean and of the importance of the sea to the early Greeks. Q: Beyond the historical, military significance of the Mediterranean, what happened culturally that we tend to overlook? A: The Mediterranean has been a meeting place of many different ethnic and religious groups, inhabiting its shores and islands--in remote antiquity, Greeks, Etruscans, Phoenicians; in later centuries, Jews, Christians and Muslims. Gathering in the port cities around the Mediterranean, such as ancient Marseilles, medieval Palermo and Alexandria, modern Livorno and Smyrna, these groups have interacted not just at the level of high culture but in everyday life. On the one hand you have the transmission of medical and astronomical knowledge from east to west in the Middle Ages, often via Muslim and Christian Spain, and on the other hand you have the peaceful interaction of traders and sailors doing business and respecting one another in the great ports of the Mediterranean. Often they were able to cross the boundaries between warring competitors for control of the sea, moving between Christian and Muslim lands under the protection of local rulers. Q: Americans and Europeans have vastly different conceptions of the Mediterranean Sea, with most Americans thinking of the Sea and its shores primarily for its appeal as a tourist destination. What role, if any, has the Mediterranean had in shaping the United States? A: The American involvement in the Mediterranean at the start of the nineteenth century is a fascinating story--not just an episode but something that decisively altered the Mediterranean world. By defeating the rulers of the Barbary regencies (Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli), who detained their trading ships and sailors and demanded extortionate sums of money for their release, the American navy helped clear the Mediterranean of the five-century-long scourge of piracy. This was the first foreign war of the United States after independence, and it was now that the U.S. Navy came into existence. In the 20th century, the strategic significance of the Mediterranean in the Cold War brought the U.S.A.F. to Wheelus airfield in Libya and the conflict between Israel and its neighbors has also brought the U.S. Navy into the Mediterranean. Strategically, the Mediterranean has remained important to the U.S., as we see from the latest events in Libya. Q: Will the Mediterranean continue to play a key role in the global economy of the 21st century? A: Much depends on the relationship between northern and southern Europe, and between Europe and North Africa. With the Greek economy in desperate straits and the Italian and Spanish economies under severe strain, and with the Arab countries in turmoil, there is a big question mark over the assumption that rapid economic growth will continue in the region. One solution may be to build closer bonds between northern and southern Mediterranean countries, including free trade concessions to Tunisia and Libya. Tunisia possessed the strongest economy in Africa and it would be a disaster to ignore its great economic potential. Another question arises over Chinese investment and involvement in the Mediterranean, which has begun to accumulate. So we are looking at a particularly uncertain future. Review The greatest living historian of the Mediterranean -- Andrew Roberts A towering achievement. No review can really do justice to the scale of Abulafia's achievement: in its epic sweep, eye for detail and lucid style. -- Dominic Sandbrook Sunday Times Brocaded with studious observation and finely-tuned scholarship, the overall effect is mesmerising. -- Ian Thomson Independent A memorable study, its scholarship tinged with indulgent humour and an authorial eye for bizarre detail. -- Jonathan Keates Sunday Telegraph The story is teeming with colourful characters, and Abulafia wears his scholarship lightly, even dashingly. -- Simon Sebag Montefiore Financial Times
  buffygurl | Mar 8, 2019 |
Superb, superb, superb. A keeper for the rest of my life, a book I will dip in and out of, I am certain, many many times (have now read cover-to-cover twice) before I lay aside. I am an Asia historian but one can not escape the importance of Mediterranean Europe upon Asian history and culture, hence the value of this work that systematically goes into each of the great ages of the Mediterranean, its peoples, its cultures, its wars, its injustices, its epidemics, its destinies.

This is not to say there are not issues: I was deeply unhappy with the maps. There were too few, with too few labels, and I had to have a historical atlas constantly at my side. In addition, the photographs in my edition were in black & white (the European edition apparently had colour photos so watch which edition you purchase). And the names and place names are so endless that although my Kindle-reading friends complained about certain aspects of the book on a Kindle, they said the links to the footnotes, etc. which were obviously electronic, were extremely helpful, which made me mad with jealousy as I juggled bookmarks on the map and footnote pages.

I can't conceive of writing a book of this magnitude and depth of knowledge. What a legacy Professor Abulafia has left the world. I stand in total awe. ( )
  pbjwelch | Jul 25, 2017 |
Contains a wealth of information that I did not know. By using the Mediterranean as his focus, swaths of history that are normally in separate silos are brought together much more coherently - such as Western civilization, Near Eastern civilization, Islamic studies, Northern Africa, etc. This history provides a much better context for many actions, such as the expulsion of Jews and Muslims from Spain in the context of the Hapsburgs holding the line against Islam and the ongoing piracy that would draw the United States into one of its earliest military conflicts.

This reads like a textbook at times, but Abulafia livened things up at one point when he said "the incestuous mass-murderer Charlemagne." He did not refer to any other conqueror in such derogatory terms nor did he make many personal judgments against others, so I wonder what his beef against Charlemagne is. As a historian, making the incest claim stick against Charlemagne based on rumor and innuendo is questionable at best. ( )
  Hae-Yu | May 26, 2015 |
Een boek dat wat doet denken aan de filmpjes die je op internet vindt, met kaartjes die tonen hoe de grenzen wijzigden: drieduizend jaar in drie minuten. Je hebt nog maar net gelezen over de Trojaanse oorlog, of Carthago is al gevallen. Het gaat in een rotvaart en duurt toch nog zevenhonderd pagina's. Daarbij valt de gigantische transformatie op die de wereld de laatste tweehonderd jaar doormaakte, een periode waarin de Middellandse Zee van vitale handelsweg afgleed tot een zijstraatje op het wereldtoneel. (Iets wat we allemaal wel weten, natuurlijk). Daarnaast is het een eindeloos verhaal van integratie en - jammer genoeg steeds vaker naarmate we dichterbij komen - segregatie. Er duiken geregeld Abulafia's op, zonder veel nadruk. De geniza van Caïro is ongetwijfeld het meest fabelachtige verhaal in het hele boek. Een mens zou er bijna religieus van worden. Jammer alleen van die eindeloze reeks zetfouten, vooral in eigennamen. ( )
  brver | Oct 2, 2014 |
Eine sehr umfangreiche Biographie über das Mittelmeer und seine angrenzenden Staaten. David Abulafia beschreibt chronologisch die Geschichte der umliegenden Völker und Staaten. Dabei geht er sehr detailliert und mit enorm großem geschichtlichen Fachwissen auf Gesellschaft, Handel, Expansion und kriegerische Auseinandersetzungen ein. Die Kapitel gliedern sich in gut lesbare und verständliche Zeitalter. Durch die, bei jedem neuen Kapitel vorangestellte Karte, erzeugt der Autor einen sehr guten Überblick über den kommenden geschichtlichen Ablauf. Weiterhin besitzt das Buch einige ausgewählte Farbabbildungen, sowie ein auf dem aktuellen Forschungsstand aufbauendes Literaturverzeichnis. Durch die angenehme Schreibweise, ist dieses Buch auch für geschichtsinteressierte Laien eine klare Empfehlung. ( )
  ProCB | Apr 8, 2014 |
Mostrando 1-5 de 7 (seguinte | mostrar todas)
The title of David Abulafia’s magisterial book comes, as he reminds us, from a Hebrew blessing, to be recited when setting eyes on the Mediterranean: ‘Blessed are you, Lord our God, king of the Universe, who made the Great Sea.’ His book is a two-fold history: first of the trade and the traders who discovered the sea, created its ports and never ceased thereafter to animate it in pursuit of commerce. (The ports could be said to be the principal players in this story.) Second, it is a history of religious and territorial struggles and subsequent accommodations.
 
The Great Sea, Professor David Abulafia's magnificent new history of the Mediterranean, celebrates sea-faring nationalities of bewildering mixed bloods and ethnicities. Arab, Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Hittite, Assyrian and Phoenician have all intertwined to form an indecipherable blend of peoples. How to write a history of this fabulous pasticcio? The Mediterranean itself – a "sea between the lands" – defies easy definition. Rather than write a history of empires and nation-states, Abulafia has chosen to concentrate on the peoples who crossed this great sea and lived along its shores. Accordingly, his emphasis is on networks of commerce, on merchants, on human migration and conquest.
adicionado por simaqian | editarThe Independent, Ian Thomson (May 6, 2011)
 
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Presents a history of human interaction and cultural relations in the Mediterranean Sea region, from prehistoric times to the present day.

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