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Dez 2, 2023, 5:01 am

UN Security Council ends political mission in Sudan
DW | 1 Dec 2023

The UN put an end to its political mission in Sudan as demanded by the Khartoum government. Sudan has seen months of conflict between two rival generals.

...UNITAMS was put in place in 2020 to help support a democratic transition in Sudan following the fall of the previous year of autocrat Omar al-Bashir. But in October 2021, army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan assumed power in a coup.

On April 15, 2023, before a deal on resuming the transition to democracy could be signed, fighting erupted between the Sudanese army led by Burhan and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF), led by General Mohamed Hamdan Daglo.

The conflict has forced more than 6 million people to flee, either to safer areas inside Sudan or to neighboring countries.

Later, Burhan blamed UNITAMS chief Volker Perthes for the violence, and demanded his removal. Perthes stepped down in September, with no replacement.

The government in Khartoum demanded the withdrawal of the UN mission saying it had been "disappointing. Since the UN needs the host nation's approval to operate, it had no choice but to end the mission.

Dez 2, 2023, 11:41 pm

Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General – on Sudan (UN)

The Secretary-General takes note of resolution 2715 (2023), by which the Security Council decided to terminate the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) as of 3 December, following a request from the Sudanese authorities. In the wake of the termination of the mandate of UNITAMS, the United Nations country team will continue its essential work in the Sudan, including providing lifesaving humanitarian assistance.

The Secretary-General remains deeply concerned about the escalating conflict in the Sudan and its devastating impact on civilians and will continue to engage with all Sudanese stakeholders in support of the aspirations of the Sudanese people for a peaceful and secure future. He reiterates his call to the warring parties to reach an agreement on an immediate ceasefire and engage in discussions to achieve a permanent cessation of hostilities.

The Secretary-General’s recently appointed Personal Envoy for the Sudan, Ramtane Lamamra, will support ongoing peace efforts, in close coordination and cooperation with the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

The Secretary-General reiterates his deep appreciation to all UNITAMS personnel for their service to the people of the Sudan, and for their resilience, including in the aftermath of the outbreak of conflict earlier this year.

The Secretary-General thanks all partners who contributed to the implementation of UNITAMS’ mandate, including the African Union and IGAD, as well as Member States that extended their critical support.

Editado: Dez 3, 2023, 4:47 am

>1 margd:

Thanks for starting this thread on Sudan. As noted elsewhere, it is a horrendous conflict which has been marginalised in the international arena by the Ukraine-Russia and Israel-Palestine conflicts. As you probably know, I have lived, worked and/or specialised in Sudan for over forty years (although I'm now retired and continue to follow the situation whilst living elsewhere in the region), and I probably read a dozen articles and reports on Sudan every day, but I have hesitated to start a thread on LT as I didn't know whether there would be any interest. But here is my opportunity to post, in no particular order, a few recent ones which I think go beyond the superficial.

Sudan: New Mass Ethnic Killings, Pillage in Darfur (Human Rights Watch)

Prelude to a Coup: Revolution and counterrevolution in Sudan (n+1)

The Angel’s Dilemma: Politics of Humanitarianism (The Baffler)

The war in Sudan is a consequence of a derailed transition (Al Jazeera)

Sudanese civil forces agree to form leadership body headed by Hamdok (Sudan Tribune)

How mutual aid in Sudan is getting international support (The New Humanitarian)

Gender Alert: Alarming accounts of kidnapping and sexual slavery of underage girls in Greater Khartoum (Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa)

You may notice that not one of these is from the mainstream western media!

Dez 3, 2023, 9:19 am

So, in addition to its own leadership, Sudan failed by
1. Mainstream media priorities.
2. Shortcomings of multilateral agencies such as UN.

Dez 3, 2023, 9:26 am

>3 John5918: Thanks, John. I will try to take a look when I can.

Editado: Dez 3, 2023, 11:27 am

>4 margd:

I would say that your #1 is simply an observation rather than a cause of Sudan's conflicts. #2 is certainly partially true. But that's not to downplay the agency of internal Sudanese actors in the current conflict.

Dez 3, 2023, 12:10 pm

Climate or weather?
(A drought in Syria was said to contribute to original uprising by bringing jobless young men to cities.)

Dez 4, 2023, 4:33 am

Caritas Serving in Africa’s “forgotten crises” as Bigger Aid Follows the Media (ACI Africa)

The more a crisis is highlighted by the media, the more likely it is to attract global aid, a Caritas official has said, noting that the humanitarian arm of the Church has distinguished itself for remaining committed to supporting those suffering in some of Africa’s crises that are not receiving a lot of press coverage. Karam Abi Yazbeck, the Regional Coordinator of Caritas North Africa and the Middle East (MONA) highlighted the war in Sudan, in South Sudan, in Mozambique, and in Somalia as some of the world’s “forgotten crises”. He said that Caritas has maintained an active presence in all these places, and is helping people back to their feet. However, lack of funds stands in the way for the charity arm of the Church as it seeks to provide aid in these places, Karam told ACI Africa... He said that the situation is made dire as bigger aid agencies focus their attention on what is in the limelight, forgetting the harsh realities that still exist in countries where conflicts are no longer news. “There is a problem in Somalia and in many other African countries. Most of these have now become forgotten crises. Crises in Mozambique, Somalia, Sudan, and in South Sudan are being forgotten. Sometimes people follow the media,” Karam said. He added, “Not all aid agencies are swayed by the media. As Caritas, we still provide support in these forgotten crises regardless of where the media shines the spotlight... But in general, the huge amount of global aid will follow what the media is reporting”...

Dez 4, 2023, 7:29 am

>8 John5918: UN's World Food Program and UNHsCR get the largest slice of my charitable contributions with hope that money goes to places where most needed, not just the latest that caught my attention. Reassuring that blue & white WFP bags appear in news coverage of most, if not all, sad events... Never seems to be enough, though... :(

Map, where WFP works ( )

Editado: Dez 5, 2023, 12:19 am

U.S. sanctions former Sudanese officials for undermining peace and stability (Sudan Tribune)

The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) has imposed sanctions on three former Sudanese regime officials for their role in undermining Sudan’s peace, security, and stability. The designated individuals are Taha Osman Ahmed al-Hussein (Taha), a former State Minister and Presidential Office Director to former Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir, Salah Abdallah Mohamed Salah (Salah Gosh), and Mohamed Etta Elmoula Abbas (Elmoula). Gosh and Elmoula served as directors of the National Intelligence and Security Services under the al-Bashir regime. The sanctions were imposed in response to the individuals’ efforts to destabilize Sudan and derail its transition to democracy...

Designation of Individuals Linked to the Conflict in Sudan (US Department of State)

The United States is today designating three officials of the former Omar al-Bashir regime: Mohamed Atta Elmoula Abbas, Taha Osman Ahmed al-Hussein, and Salah Abdallah Mohamed Salah, also known as Salah Gosh. These individuals have engaged in activities that undermine the peace, security, and stability of Sudan...

And unlike mainstream western media, the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) yesterday included Sudan in its top three of Today's top news: Occupied Palestinian Territory, Sudan, Philippines.

Editado: Dez 6, 2023, 1:58 am

Not just genocide: Sudan’s crisis of imperialism (The Daily Campus)

Since Oct. 7, the international attention paid to the struggle of Palestinians against Zionist settler-colonialism and an internationally-armed ethnic cleansing campaign has effused to other nations. As I argued last week, the discursive value of the term “genocide,” which has received so much emotional and political weight in the global conversation about Gaza, gives activists and concerned global citizens currency to highlight crises that would otherwise receive little attention by mainstream media. On social media platforms like TikTok, the historic slogan of “Free Palestine” has joined a hashtag tripartite with two other nations: #FreePalestine, #FreeCongo and #FreeSudan... I have no intention of discussing genocide curtly or dismissing the very real concern over the overlapping crises enveloping Palestine, Congo and Sudan... However, my concern is over people missing the forest for the trees — that our popular consciousness will focus entirely on the heinous crime of genocide and not the imperialist conditions that often precede and exacerbate it. The desire for capital accumulation on a global scale is the world’s greatest purveyor of violence and suffering... While Palestine and Congo each exemplify this in their own way, the most recent civil war in Sudan is yet another tragic, but fitting, case study to examine this. Politics on the African continent have been flattened to “instability” as much as African economics are to “poverty”; media scholarship suggests that this is in large part due to the utter decontextualization of African stories and histories from their root causes (pardon the progressive buzzword) by journalists and academics. What this narrative-without-a-narrative produces is a political anomaly at best — where African countries’ problems appear from a vacuum — or a racist stereotype that asserts Africans simply lack the governmental wherewithal of “civilized” Western liberal democracies at worst. The most perverse impact of this flattening of African political dynamics is the erasure of the role of international powers in the stoking of instability. Politics on the African continent have been flattened to “instability” as much as African economics are to “poverty”; media scholarship suggests that this is in large part due to the utter decontextualization of African stories and histories from their root causes (pardon the progressive buzzword) by journalists and academics. What this narrative-without-a-narrative produces is a political anomaly at best — where African countries’ problems appear from a vacuum — or a racist stereotype that asserts Africans simply lack the governmental wherewithal of “civilized” Western liberal democracies at worst. The most perverse impact of this flattening of African political dynamics is the erasure of the role of international powers in the stoking of instability... The exploitation of Sudanese national resources, much like the Congo, continues to be the alpha-and-omega of international interest in the country.

Dez 6, 2023, 11:28 am

Samuel Ramani (Oxford U) @SamRamani2 | 10:03 AM · Dec 6, 2023:

Vladimir Putin travelled to the UAE
Aside from Gaza, Ukraine and oil, Sudan is on the agenda
This follows the US's efforts to pressure the UAE over its alleged support for Hemedti's RSF

Editado: Dez 7, 2023, 11:21 pm

Perspective: Sudan deserves your advocacy (GW Hatchet)

Six months of war have forcibly displaced millions of Sudanese people from their homes, with thousands of people killed and many more injured. But the people of countries like Sudan are more than statistics or case studies to be analyzed in class — each person killed, injured or displaced was a real person, someone with a life and a family who needs help... The violence in Sudan is causing one of the largest humanitarian crises in decades. Airports, hospitals and schools are all being targeted by bombing and turbulent raids. Violence in recent weeks has increased in Darfur, where the RSF is looting, assaulting and killing civilians. More than 24 million people are facing hunger and the country is on a brink of a mass cholera outbreak. And more than 19 million children are out of school, setting up Sudan for the worst education crisis in the world. The people of Sudan are suffering. Yet it seems nobody is talking about it. Every human rights crisis around the world deserves the awareness and pressure of the international community, including Sudan. But the country has been overlooked: Aid is dwindling, and Sudan is in desperate need of the global community’s support and action. Major U.S. news outlets like the Washington Post rarely shed light on crises in African countries. The Post has published 547 articles in the past year mentioning Sudan, compared to 568 articles mentioning Israel in the past month and 422 articles mentioning Ukraine in the past 90 days...

One of my professors called Sudan a “basket-case country” during a time when people, including my own family, were forced to flee the country and leave their entire livelihood. Using phrases like “basket case” or “third-world country”* to describe African countries only further perpetuates the idea that there is no helping or improving the issues of non-Western countries...

Or "shithole countries", as one recent US president described African nations (link).

Dez 11, 2023, 11:48 pm

Sudan: Action is Key After US Atrocity Determination (Human Rights Watch)

The United States government’s announcement on December 6, 2023, that atrocity crimes have been committed by both warring parties in Sudan should be followed up by robust action to halt abuses and ensure accountability, Human Rights Watch said today...

Dez 12, 2023, 1:15 am

As Darfur falls to the RSF, where is the outrage at their atrocities? (The New Humanitarian)

For the past few weeks, the RSF has been seizing full control of Darfur after ousting the Sudanese army from its main bases, one of which was in Ardamata. In the process, its fighters have killed hundreds of civilians and pushed thousands from their homes. As a Darfuri journalist and human rights monitor (currently exiled in Kenya) I have been documenting these abuses on a daily basis. I have been struggling with patchy phone and internet connections and wrestling with my own sense of powerlessness. As the number of dead has surged, I have been asking why all these international humanitarian treaties and laws are failing us, and why the UN Security Council and the African Union are staying so conspicuously silent. With the RSF now in control over most of Darfur and the capital Khartoum, and the national army in charge of north and eastern Sudan, I fear our country is likely to be split like neighbouring Libya, which is ruled by rival governments...

Dez 14, 2023, 11:29 pm

Executive Technical Report of the Sudan Humanitarian Crisis Conference - 2023 (Fikra for Studies and Development)

The conference attracted considerable participation, with over 100 coming from inside Sudan, representing the various Emergency Response Rooms (ERRs) and other first-line responders from across the 18 states of Sudan, in addition to representatives of Sudanese refugees in Egypt, Chad, Kenya, Uganda, and other places. The total number of participants in the three-day events was 420, which also included esteemed participants from diplomatic, international, and UN organizations active in Sudan. The report presents the outcomes and recommendations derived from the discussions and direct interaction between the first-line responders and experts who participated in the conference. It is important to note that these recommendations are publicly owned and have been published here for anyone and everyone who can help in materializing them, with the aim of assisting in alleviating the suffering of the Sudanese people. The publishing of this report is not the end. As previously mentioned, this report marks the beginning of a process that we hope it will stimulate and invigorate the humanitarian response to the crisis in Sudan...

And there's an article from the Brookings Institute entitled "A way forward on Sudan" here.

Editado: Dez 19, 2023, 11:11 pm

RSF paramilitary seizes control of Wad Madani, Sudan’s second city (Guardian)

Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces (RSF) have seized Wad Madani, the country’s second city, which had taken in hundreds of thousands of refugees from the capital, Khartoum, early in the eight-month war between the regular army and the paramilitary RSF. Videos posted by the RSF on Monday showed fighters in pickup trucks driving along streets in the city, the capital of el-Gezira state. The RSF advanced after three days of intense fighting, which caused thousands of people to flee the city towards the south. Markets and homes were looted by the army, the police and some civilians on Sunday – and there were fresh reports of looting by RSF fighters on Monday. During the paramilitary advance on the city, army intelligence units were reported to have arrested civilians based on their ethnicity – particularly those from Darfur, many of whom have been living in el-Gezira for decades as agricultural workers...

This is a major blow to the hundreds of thousands of displaced persons who were sheltering in Wad Medani and to humanitarian efforts which were based there.

Sudan: Clashes in Wad Madani between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and Rapid Support Forces (RSF) - Flash Update No: 03 (as of 18 December 2023) (UN OCHA)

Wad Medani has served as a hub for humanitarian operations since fighting broke out in April this year between SAF and RSF. This includes warehousing of large stocks of supplies dedicated to response in the state and when access is possible to the capital, Khartoum. Humanitarian organizations have reduced their footprint in Wad Medani due to the security situation. Staff have relocated to neighboring states to be positioned to return to address the increased humanitarian caseload once the situation permits. A suspension of all humanitarian field missions within and from Aj Jazirah State has been put in place as of 15 December until further notice.

Thousands flee as war reaches Sudan’s second-largest city (Al Jazeera)

Thousands of displaced people have fled the formerly safe city of Wad Madani in Sudan, as the war between the army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) reaches the city. Paramilitary forces established a base in the east of Sudan’s second-largest city and the capital of al-Jazirah state, the AFP news agency reported on Sunday, forcing thousands of already displaced people to escape. The RSF attack has opened a new front in the eight-month-old war, in what had previously been “one of Sudan’s few remaining sanctuaries”... “We are living in hell and there is no one to help us”...

Edited to add: Sudan conflict: Hundreds of thousands flee al Jazira safe-haven - UN (BBC)

At least 250,000 people have fled fighting in a Sudanese state once seen as a safe haven for those escaping the civil war, the UN said. The paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) have advanced into the city of Wad Madani, in al Jazira state. For months, both the state and the city have housed large numbers seeking safety from fighting in the capital. Many in Wad Madani have fled the city without having anywhere to go... Residents of the city said the RSF - who are fighting the army - had attacked a hospital and taken over a military base... When the war broke out in April, the city replaced Khartoum as a hub for international humanitarian organisations. Many of these non-profit organisations have left over the past few days, with some heading towards the Sennar and Gadrif. However, RSF fighters on social media have now threatened to attack those cities too. There is also speculation the RSF may attack Kosti, a city in the south where many Wad Madani residents fled to... Wad Madani's only cancer treatment centre has closed in the wake of the fighting, along with all of its hospitals and pharmacies. Houses and offices have been looted by armed groups and civilians... The conflict has displaced more than seven million people, left Khartoum in ruins, caused a humanitarian crisis and triggered ethnically driven killings in Darfur.

Editado: Dez 20, 2023, 11:49 pm

Washington Tries to Correct Course on Sudan’s Civil War (Foreign Policy)

Lawmakers are pressing for a fresh approach with a new envoy and by leaning on the proxy powers abetting atrocities...

A welcome move, although some might detect a hint of hypocrisy here as the USA is itself one of "the proxy powers abetting atrocities" in another conflict, in Gaza.

Dez 22, 2023, 11:29 pm

The Capturing of Al Gezira State by The Rapid Support Forces Militia: Escalation of War in Sudan (Fikra for Studies and Development)

Analysis from part of the civilian opposition in Sudan.

Dez 23, 2023, 5:40 am

DW News @dwnews | 5:03 AM · Dec 23, 2023:

With more than 12,000 people killed and at least seven million displaced by fighting, Sudan is facing what the UN calls "the world's largest displacement crisis" and an "unimaginable" humanitarian catastrophe.

3:11 ( )

Dez 25, 2023, 2:21 am

Sudan’s civilians pick up arms, as RSF gains and army stumbles (Al Jazeera)

Young men are grabbing weapons to fight with the army, defend their cities, raising fears of deepening ethnic conflict...

‘Why are they forgetting about us?’: Sudan watches allies turn from war to aid Ukraine and Gaza (Guardian)

Sudanese military conflict has killed thousands and created what UN says is world’s largest human displacement crisis...

‘Mass exodus’ as RSF menace Sudan’s White Nile state (Radio Dabanga)

White Nile state, south of El Gezira, which fell to the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) on Monday, is witnessing a mass exodus of its residents after of rumours regarding plans by the RSF to invade the state. Warplanes flying over the White Nile state generated panic amongst residents, who began to flee toward the south. They are currently moving towards the outskirts of the southern border with South Sudan. Earlier this week, security authorities in White Nile state launched large-scale detention campaigns for hundreds of people on ethnic grounds, which provoked widespread anger...

Many of my own friends, colleagues and their families sought refuge in Al Gezira and White Nile states as they fled for their lives. Now the former has already succumbed to the conflict and reports suggest that the latter is about to follow that route. Currently White Nile state is a vital humanitarian link with neighbouring South Sudan.

Dez 25, 2023, 2:32 am

Utter disaster. I'm sorry, John.

Dez 26, 2023, 6:13 pm

The Red Line is a pretty good geopolitics podcast outfit from Australia. Out today.
The Splintering of Sudan

Dez 29, 2023, 2:38 pm

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (WHO) @DrTedros | 2:21 PM · Dec 29, 2023:

Urgent action is needed to reverse #Sudan’s worsening conflict amid the deepening humanitarian and health crises, with the fresh displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, mainly women and children:

While responding with partners to the acute health needs, including controlling disease spread and addressing malnutrition threats, WHO also calls for increased financial support from the international community to meet the pressing health needs of the affected populations.

These include boosting provision of basic health services for the most vulnerable in affected states, where at least 70% of health facilities are not working due to the conflict.

WHO Sudan @whosudan · 6h
WHO 🇸🇩 is supporting mobile health teams in #Sudan's #Sennar, #Gedaref & #RedSea states to provide essential health care services to those displaced due to the recent escalations of conflict in Al #Gezira.

Cholera rapid response teams in Gedaref, October 2023.

We are:
➡️Supporting surveillance for #cholera & other epidemic-prone diseases including through support to the deployment of rapid response teams.
➡️Distributing emergency health supplies and rapid diagnostic kits.

Interruption of mobile and internet networks in Al Gezira & White Nile is affecting our ability to assess the health needs on the ground in these areas. 3/3 {margd: #ElonMusk??}

Dez 30, 2023, 11:35 pm

Religious freedom, along with everything else, is unraveling in Sudan (The Hill)

Between 2019 and 2021, Sudan was heralded as the prime example of progress in religious freedom in a country that had been known to have one of the worst records on the matter. Today, that progress has crumbled, and the prospects for religious freedom are, if anything, possibly grimmer than the prospects for peace... One group particularly at risk in Sudan’s conflict is the nation’s Christians. Sudanese Christians, while only comprising 5.4 percent of the country’s population, have been largely based in and around Khartoum. As the capital city has been at the epicenter of the war, the Christian community has been heavily impacted. They have been sought out and attacked for their faith, and many have had to flee the country and settle in refugee camps...

Jan 2, 9:36 am

Don’t “sit back”: Sudan, South Sudan’s Bishops to International Community amid Ongoing War (ACI Africa)

Catholic Bishops in Sudan and South Sudan are urging the United Nations (UN), the governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Norway, also referred to as Troika, and other members of the international community to go on with their respective efforts to end the ongoing violence in Sudan. In a collective statement on the situation in Sudan, where war broke out on 15 April 2023 between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF), members of the Sudan Catholic Bishops’ Conference (SCBC) also urge the UN and Troika to continue offering “necessary support” to those affected by the violence. “With this statement, we would like to appeal to the International Community, the Troika, and the UN not to sit back,” SCBC members says, and urge the highlighted entities to continue the “responsibility of working towards addressing the crisis and providing the necessary support to alleviate the humanitarian crisis in the Sudan”...

Jan 2, 11:31 pm

Sudan’s feared paramilitary leader signals ambition to rule the country (Al Jazeera)

Mohamed Hamdan ‘Hemedti’ Dagalo goes on an African tour to secure regional support and political legitimacy... Analysts believe Hemedti’s real motive was securing regional support to capture all of Sudan from the army...

Jan 7, 5:33 am

2024 Demands Swift Action to Stem Sudan’s Ruinous Conflict

Statement by Martin Griffiths, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator

Nearly nine months of war have tipped Sudan into a downward spiral that only grows more ruinous by the day. As the conflict spreads, human suffering is deepening, humanitarian access is shrinking, and hope is dwindling. This cannot continue. 2024 demands that the international community – particularly those with influence on the parties to the conflict in Sudan – take decisive and immediate action to stop the fighting and safeguard humanitarian operations meant to help millions of civilians. Now that hostilities have reached the country’s breadbasket in Aj Jazirah State, there is even more at stake. More than 500,000 people have fled fighting in and around the state capital Wad Medani, long a place of refuge for those uprooted by clashes elsewhere. Ongoing mass displacement could also fuel the rapid spread of a cholera outbreak in the state, with more than 1,800 suspected cases reported there so far. The same horrific abuses that have defined this war in other hotspots – Khartoum, Darfur and Kordofan – are now being reported in Wad Medani. Accounts of widespread human rights violations, including sexual violence, remind us that the parties to this conflict are still failing to uphold their commitments to protect civilians. There are also serious concerns about the parties’ compliance with international humanitarian law...

Jan 10, 12:58 am

‘They’re targeting us’: Sudan’s army cracks down on democracy activists (Al Jazeera)

In the midst of war, Sudan’s army is retaliating against activists for their role in bringing down the former regime...

Sudan’s Calamitous Civil War: A Chance to Draw Back from the Abyss (International Crisis Group)

Sudan’s war is entering an even more dangerous phase as fighting spreads to the heavily contested east, spelling more atrocities and mass displacement. Diplomats should seize a new opportunity to halt the spiral into state failure and stimulate direct talks between the belligerents...

Jan 10, 10:44 am

World Health Organization (WHO) WHO | 9:33 AM · Jan 10, 2024:

"In the past month, half a million more people have been displaced from the Al-Gezira state, due to the spread of the conflict.

The state used to be a safe haven from the conflict in Khartoum, and is a hub for WHO’s operations.

Due to security concerns, WHO has temporarily halted its operations in Al-Gezira.

The state is also considered the bread-basket of Sudan, and fighting there has disrupted the annual harvest, and increased the risk of food insecurity in conflict-affected areas"-@DrTedros

Jan 10, 11:55 pm

Sudan—the World's Most Abandoned Conflict-Affected Country (Newsweek)

The year 2023 witnessed the eruption of wars and flaring up of deadly conflicts across the world. The conflict in Sudan (which plunged into a largescale war in April 2023) has received poor coverage by Western media, often viewed as less important than the wars in Gaza and Ukraine, which broke out in October 2023, and February 2022, respectively...

Sudan fighting triggers largest displacement in world: UN humanitarians (Xinhua)

Military clashes in Sudan are responsible for the largest number of displaced persons on Earth and disrupting the fight against a deadly cholera outbreak, UN humanitarians said on Wednesday. "The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is deeply concerned by the scale of displacement in Sudan due to the spreading conflict, which has fueled the largest displacement crisis in the world," the office said. "Since April, more than 6 million people have been displaced inside the country, including more than 500,000 due to the clashes that erupted in Aj Jazirah State last month." The humanitarians said more than 1.3 million others fled across Sudan's borders to become refugees in the adjacent states of Chad, the Central African Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia and South Sudan. OCHA said it is also alarmed the violence is disrupting critical humanitarian operations, including the fight against a worsening cholera outbreak...

Sexual violence in Sudan conflict becomes as commonplace as the fighting (Telegraph)

Women and girls share advice between themselves to prevent pregnancy in the event of an attack... The United Nations has reported the widespread use of rape by the RSF, which has occupied civilian neighbourhoods in Khartoum and Omdurman as it battles Sudan’s army for control... "raping girls and women in front of their brothers or fathers knowing that’s all it takes to break them"... According to the UN, hundreds of women have been detained by the RSF, held in inhuman or degrading conditions, subjected to sexual assault, and left vulnerable to sexual slavery. “Sudanese women and girls in urban centres as well as in Darfur have been particularly vulnerable to violence,” a UN expert said. “It is alleged that men identified as members of the RSF are using rape and sexual violence of women and girls as tools to punish and terrorise communities.” The UN has recorded sightings of “chained up women and girls being taken away in pickup trucks and cars”. There are reports of them being subject to enforced disappearance and forced marriages, and in some cases being held by RSF fighters after they have become pregnant. Those in urban areas like Khartoum, which remains under RSF control, are most vulnerable, as well as those in the western Darfur region...

Editado: Jan 16, 11:23 pm

Europe Is Making Sudan’s Refugee Crisis Worse (Foreign Policy)

Faced with an indisputable emergency, the EU is erecting new barriers and ignoring its asylum obligations...

Behind a paywall, I'm afraid, but some of you might have a subscription, and anyway, the title and sub-title say it all.

Edited to add: I have a text-only pdf version from the author, but don't know how to post that here.

Jan 16, 11:28 pm

‘They’re going to kill us’: Sudan’s army targets civilians on ethnic basis (Al Jazeera)

Army accuses civilians of spying for the RSF paramilitary based on ethnic grounds, leading to arrests, torture and killings...

Jan 17, 11:44 pm

Sudan fighting spreads to Unesco World Heritage Site (The EastAfrican)

Sudan's devastating nine-month war between two rival generals is spreading to a Unesco World Heritage Site, an NGO reported late Tuesday, sounding the alarm for the remains of the ancient Kingdom of Kush...

Sudan In Danger Of Becoming A New Rwanda – Analysis (Eurasia News)

The alarming crisis propelling Sudan toward a potential replication of Rwanda’s tragedy is the decision by the Sudanese army, under the leadership of Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, to arm its citizens... Sudan is witnessing the dominance of a combative doctrine influenced by Islamist tendencies. Almost all parties emphasize mobilizing citizens to defend their ideologies, irrespective of their appropriateness for the Sudanese masses. This trend is formulating a dangerous recipe for a civil war, pitting citizens against one another...

Plus an analysis by Sudanese pro-democracy political scholar, thinker and writer Dr Elshafie Khidir Saeid which I received on an e-mail mailing list from FIKRA for Studies and Development entitled Four Conclusions about the War in Sudan, dated 17th January 2024, but which I can't currently find online. I copy the main points below:

The first conclusion is that it is highly improbable that the war in Sudan will be ended soon, and that neither peace nor security will be restored in the foreseeable future.
The second conclusion is that governments on both the regional and global levels appear to have little interest in putting an end to the ongoing war in Sudan quickly as attainable, preferring instead to see it continue for a longer period of time.
The third conclusion that it is evident that the Sudan war has the potential to escalate and ignite conflicts throughout the region, possibly even leading to a regional or global war.
The fourth conclusion is that the war has transformed Sudan into a highly conducive environment for transcontinental terrorist organizations to flourish...

Jan 24, 3:04 am

Sudan women and girls at ongoing risk of abduction and enforced disappearance (SIHA)

Since the onset of the Sudan crisis in April 2023, SIHA Network has trucked more than 104 cases of missing women and girls on social media, revealing a deeply troubling situation. According to the latest update from the Sudanese Group for Victims of Enforced Disappearance in December 2023, out of the 842 civilians who have disappeared, 48 women and girls have been confirmed as forcibly disappeared. These stark numbers emphasize the urgent need for immediate action and justice to address the escalating disappearance crisis in Sudan... Enforced disappearances profoundly impact women and girls, causing unimaginable suffering and leaving families and communities in anguish and uncertainty. Concerns are heightened by the potential for sexual violence and exploitation faced by women in captivity. Disturbingly, confirmed reports have been received of women being enslaved to cook and clean for RSF soldiers in various locations in Khartoum. More recently, similar reports have emerged from Wad Madani, in Gezira State. It is crucial to acknowledge that the officially reported number of missing women and girls likely underrepresents the true scale of this crisis. Fear, stigma, and the lack of reporting mechanisms contribute to this hidden reality, in desperate need of recognition and targeted interventions. Beyond the growing number of missing women and girls, disturbing incidents involve young girls being kidnapped by the RSF in front of their families...

Jan 26, 11:33 pm

Pursuing Peace in Sudan: From Civil Society Groups to the International Community (Friends Committee on National Legislation)

Peacebuilding efforts are more likely to succeed when they are led by local groups based in affected communities. In the Horn of Africa, a region marked by persistent conflicts, a consortium between the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) and the All-Africa Conference of Churches (AACC), known as the Salama Hub, equips local peacebuilders with the tools needed to advocate for peace and non-violent responses to conflict. In December 2023, FCNL partnered with AFSC and the Salama Hub to support a delegation of African peace activists visiting Washington, D.C. to advocate in Congress and the State Department. During this trip, FCNL’s peacebuilding team spoke with Enass Muzamel, a Sudanese pro-democracy activist and human rights defender coordinating efforts to support women and girls facing the ongoing conflict in Sudan...

Jan 27, 12:01 pm

>34 John5918: I think you're the one who suggested Romeo Dallaire's Shake Hands with the Devil about the Rwandan genocide which I'm 150 pages into now. Far off from a conclusion on this but already have a sense of how woefully unequipped and shorthanded in resources the UN had available for that catastrophe.

Editado: Fev 3, 2:55 am

Sudan’s Atrocious Political Transition: Resolving the Displacement and Humanitarian Crisis (UN University)


This paper examines the increasing displacement and intensifying humanitarian crisis in the Republic of Sudan, resulting from the war between rival factions of the armed forces, namely the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). It highlights how poorly governed political transitions and centre–periphery rivalries contribute to ongoing war, death, destruction, and displacement. The data shows rapid changes in patterns of human displacement within Sudan and beyond its borders, with Khartoum and the Darfur region now being the primary origins and hosts of displacement respectively. Currently, half of Sudan’s population requires aid, owing to the dire humanitarian consequences of the war.

The paper advances a dual approach – addressing urgent humanitarian needs and cessation of hostilities while pursuing longterm solutions through inclusive political transition and governance reforms to resolve protracted displacement. It argues that addressing the complex dynamics of Sudan’s enduring conflicts and achieving sustainable peace require more than just immediate actions such as a ceasefire and unhindered humanitarian access. What is also needed is a comprehensive approach to tackling the political roots of these conflicts. While acknowledging the priority of a ceasefire and humanitarian access, the paper delves into the political dimensions of the conflict, and the necessity of a civilian-led transition process that is both inclusive and comprehensive, encompassing various Sudanese stakeholders. It emphasises the need for inclusive, civilian-led negotiations that go beyond the military leadership and critically examines the evolving roles of armed groups, Islamists, and former National Congress Party members, highlighting the importance of adapting negotiation strategies to new realities on the ground.

A successful resolution to the conflict requires a comprehensive political transformation and a commitment to addressing underlying issues. In addition, the paper addresses the effect of external interventions on Sudan’s internal affairs particularly from the states in the Middle East and neighbourhood. It advances a transition strategy that tames external interferences, while at the same time promoting decentralized governance. This approach help dismantle the centralised power structures that have relied in the support of external actors and historically fuelled protracted war, thereby paving the way for a more decentralised, stable and accountable transitional process. Enabling a transition inclusive of all civilian stakeholders in the transition process is crucial for insulating a Sudanese peace process that could deliver a sustainable ceasefire, effectively resolving the Sudan’s prolonged conflicts, halting the atrocities in Darfur and elsewhere, and addressing mass displacement within and outside Sudan.

Fev 3, 11:33 pm

People ‘dying of starvation’ in Sudan, UN food agency says (Al Jazeera)

The United Nations food agency says it is receiving reports of people dying of starvation in Sudan and the number of hungry people has doubled over the past year as the ongoing war cuts civilians off from aid. “The situation in Sudan today is nothing short of catastrophic,” said Eddie Rowe, the World Food Programme’s (WFP’s) Sudan representative and country director. “Millions of people are impacted by the conflict. WFP has food in Sudan, but lack of humanitarian access and other unnecessary hurdles are slowing operations,” he said in a statement on Friday. “Life-saving assistance is not reaching those who need it the most, and we are already receiving reports of people dying of starvation,” he added...

Youth-led 'emergency rooms' shine rays of hope in war-torn Sudan (UN News)

With the war in Sudan triggering widespread violence and instability, youth-driven emergency response rooms (ERRs) are among a growing number of community-led initiatives reaching vulnerable civilians with myriad assistance, from repairing damaged power lines to carving out safe evacuation routes for millions fleeing the conflict. Teams of volunteer medical staff, engineers and other emergency experts across the country are addressing civilian needs amid the current bout of violence and insecurity stemming from clashes with rival military forces in April 2023. So far, ERRs have reached more than four million civilians, bucking bureaucracy and finding innovative solutions...

Will multiple mediators hinder peace in Sudan? (Sudan Tribune)

As the war in Sudan continues to maim and displace millions, a disturbing reality emerges: the quest for peace seems entangled in a power struggle. Negotiation platforms, mediators, and even foreign leaders compete for control of the process, often prioritizing personal agendas over the desperate pleas of the Sudanese people. This article delves into this unsettling dynamic, exposing its themes, hidden motives, and the reasons for its failure to deliver a lasting solution. But it goes beyond mere critique. We explore a vision for a genuine peace process, one that transcends simply stopping the fighting and instead tackles the root causes of this devastating conflict...

Fev 5, 11:32 pm

Sudanese RSF brings down telecoms networks across Sudan - sources (Reuters)

Many rely on mobile payments for essentials... Displaced families struggle to maintain contact... Communications were down for most Sudanese on Monday in what two telecoms sector sources and the army-aligned state news agency said was a deliberate move by the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces who are battling the military. The RSF did not comment, while an RSF source said the paramilitary had nothing to do with the outages. Many Sudanese reported being unable to reach family members, compounding the impacts of a war between the RSF and Sudan's army that has forced more than 7.5 million people from their homes and prompted warnings of famine...

Sudan experiences widespread internet outage amidst war and accusation (Sudan Tribune)

Since Friday evening, internet and communication networks have been disrupted across most of Sudan. The cause of the outage remains unclear, with accusations flying between the Sudanese government and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF)...

Editado: Fev 9, 4:39 am

Digital money apps become a lifeline for war-affected Sudanese (The New Humanitarian)

Banking apps, enabling online payments for food and other essentials, are a digital safety net for millions of Sudanese, their lives upended by nine months of fighting... Financial technology (fintech) allows people with a mobile phone and internet connection to more safely buy basic groceries, settle bills, and receive money from abroad – easing some of the hardships. These apps have been available for over a decade in Sudan, with nearly all public sector workers paid digitally. But they are now more than just a convenience. People transact as much as they can online to avoid navigating embattled neighbourhoods or the risk of carrying physical currency, and to cope with the reduced operating hours of the few bank branches that manage to remain open...

Fev 11, 11:42 pm

'I'm here to defend my daughters and myself': Inside one of Sudan's combat training camps for women and girls (Sky News)

Some are here out of loyalty for their conscripted sons, fathers, uncles, and brothers who have been deployed across the country in the Sudanese Armed Forces war against the Rapid Support Forces. Others are here out of sheer necessity...

Sudan journalists: ‘Fighting threatens 100-year-old media archives’ (Dabanga)

The Sudanese Journalists Syndicate (SJS) has expressed its concern that fighting between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) is approaching the buildings of the Sudan Radio and Television Corporation in Omdurman. The syndicate is concerned that the violence will increase the risk of destroying or damaging the corporation’s archives that are nearly 100 years old... The journalists expressed their concern about the danger of destroying or damaging the archives “which represent a political, cultural, and social legacy for the entire Sudanese nation” and called on the warring parties to spare the buildings...

Complete Shutdown of Telecommunications Services in Sudan: Press Release (Fikra for Studies and Development)

On February 4, 2024, the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) raided the main switches of the three communications companies operating in the Sudan (Zain, MTN Sudan, and Sudatel) in Khartoum and directed, at gunpoint, the engineers working at these headquarters to cut off all communications and Internet services throughout the Sudan. RSF soldiers were accompanied by a number of communications technicians to ensure that these instructions were implemented... The complete shutdown of communications from Sudan currently increases the risks resulting from the ongoing war and poses a further threat of committing more crimes and violations against more than 40 million Sudanese besieged in the country... The complete loss of communications also hindered all efforts to coordinate the delivery of humanitarian aid, which is urgently and vitally needed by more than 25 million Sudanese... The impact extends to the stopping of electronic banking services, which is the only economic exchange outlet that remains after the complete disruption of banking services since the outbreak of war on April 15, 2023. These electronic banking services constitute the only remaining lifeline for the Sudanese, for the response efforts of the domestic humanitarian emergency rooms, and for all humanitarian organizations working in the field of relief in all parts of Sudan. We find it shameful and disgraceful that the world and all governments of the relevant international and regional actors continue to be silent about this dire situation in Sudan...

Editado: Fev 12, 11:11 pm

An account from the frontline of 'the largest displacement of children on the planet' (NPR)

The United Nations warns that the conflict in Sudan has caused one of the world's largest human displacements... People speak to a couple of things. They speak to the horrendous violations, what we call "grave violations." The sexual abuse, seeing children killed, seeing rape of sisters or of mothers — this horrible level of kind of human suffering. As a woman said to me, "If they couldn't steal it, they burned it"... Deliberate attempts just to terrify and torture people... As ever, the poorest countries around the globe — not just in this crisis — absorb the most refugees. Those with the least tend to constantly be asked to give the most, and that's what we're seeing here...

As rich western countries whinge about refugees, asylum seekers and virtually any type of migrants, let me highlight that last bit: As ever, the poorest countries around the globe — not just in this crisis — absorb the most refugees. Those with the least tend to constantly be asked to give the most, and that's what we're seeing here

Fev 14, 10:20 pm

Darfur: The New Massacres(The New York Review)

As war rages across the country, Arab forces are attacking non-Arab communities in Sudan’s periphery...

Fev 18, 11:36 pm

Sudan warring parties turn to sabotage, destroy crucial installations (The EastAfrican)

Sudan’s war is turning into economic sabotage as rival factions seek to undercut one another, leading to the clearest sign that a winner from this conflict would still bear the loss. Ten months since the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and the Sudan Armed Forces (Saf) launched a war, the character of this conflict has morphed in such a way that original factions have amassed support from fringe militia groups, expanding the scale of interests. Yet the biggest problem now is destruction of crucial economic infrastructure such as telecom masts and transportation routes, leaving some of the regions cut off from the outside world...

Editado: Fev 20, 4:46 am

Sudan’s collapse is a test for the international community. We are failing it (The New Humanitarian)

‘The UN Security Council cannot continue to ignore its responsibility to protect civilians.’ In the deafening silence of global indifference, the war in Sudan recently entered its 10-month mark. Since April 2023, close to 8 million people have fled their homes, of whom more than 1.6 million have sought refuge in Chad, South Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, and the Central African Republic – countries already grappling with immense difficulties. Close to 25 million people need humanitarian assistance, including around 5 million people on the brink of famine and nearly 7 million children who are severely undernourished. Mass graves conceal evidence of widespread, systematic, and targeted mass atrocities that could be repeated at any moment as the conflict further expands. Yet despite all of this, Sudan remains seemingly invisible to the global community. The UN Security Council, other key multilateral institutions like the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), and states with influence over the warring parties have failed to stop the violence. And while the UN Security Council does little beyond condemn attacks on civilians and call for access to humanitarian assistance, regional efforts to resolve the crisis have been grindingly slow and too tepid. As a result, commitments from the Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces to protect civilians and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance remain unfulfilled. Those with influence over the warring parties have echoed hollow calls for ceasefires and looked away as cumbersome bureaucratic requirements hinder our aid efforts...

Sudan Armed Forces are on a path to self-destruction – risking state collapse (The Conversation)

the once mighty Sudan Armed Forces have made military and political errors that have increased the possibility of their disintegration and the collapse of the Sudanese state. The ongoing civil war could be the trigger of this implosion, but not the underlying cause...

Pope Francis appeals for an end to Sudan's civil war (Reuters)

Pope Francis appealed on Sunday to Sudan's warring factions to put an end to a 10-month conflict that has seen millions displaced and prompted warnings of famine. "I ask again the warring parties to stop this war, which causes so much damage to the people and the future of the country", Francis said during his Angelus message. "Let's pray so that avenues of peace will soon be found for the future of beloved Sudan", he added... In his traditional Sunday address, the pope also mentioned conflicts in Mozambique, Ukraine, Israel and the Palestinian territories. "Wherever there is fighting populations are exhausted, they are tired of war, which is always useless, inconclusive and will only bring death and destruction and will never lead to a solution to the problem," Francis said.

Fev 21, 11:21 pm

Sudan conflict spilling to South Sudan, UN official warns (Sudan Tribune)

The head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), Nicholas Haysom said the war in Sudan has spilled over to South Sudan. Speaking to reporters in Juba on Tuesday, Haysom said there are indications recruitment could be taking place in South Sudan by parties involved in Sudan... “We are worried that firearms are going to start drifting into South Sudan,” noted Haysom... about 550,000 people have crossed into South Sudan from Sudan amidst concerns that these numbers could rise with time. This will increase stress on communities which are causing tensions among the displaced and host communities as the conflict continues...

Fev 22, 11:29 pm

The gathering disaster in Sudan: a war that the world is ignoring (Guardian)

Even before a communications blackout hit Sudan two weeks ago, few were watching a war that has killed thousands of people and displaced more – almost 8 million – than any other current conflict. “It’s not a forgotten crisis. It’s a wholly ignored crisis,” Kitty van der Heijden of Unicef told a meeting at the Munich Security Conference last week. Eighteen million people in Sudan are acutely food insecure, and around 3.8 million children are malnourished... Yet while the region’s genocidal violence became a global cause two decades ago, it barely registers now... Not only are multiple players involved, but tensions in the Sudanese armed forces appear to have grown as the RSF has gained ground in recent months. Meanwhile, militias are beginning to mobilise against the RSF. There is concern that jihadist fighters may be drawn in. Not only is global attention absorbed by the crises in the Middle East and Ukraine, but the former is having a “catastrophic” effect on aid, as Houthi attacks on shipping in the Red Sea slow deliveries of essential food and medicine, and drive up prices. In turn, the consequences of Sudan’s war are spilling over. Half a million people have fled to South Sudan, exacerbating the food crisis there; a million more have found shelter in Chad and Egypt. While the generals unleashed this conflict, outside players sustain it. The UAE denies supplying arms, but its support for the RSF is well-known; Hemedti’s forces also have ties to the Wagner group. Egypt backs the Sudanese armed forces, though to a lesser extent. Many more are dabbling in this conflict... there is a stark – and disgraceful – disparity between the wealth of resources employed to wage this war and the paucity of those to address its consequences. So far, the UN’s humanitarian response plan is less than 4% funded, with a $2.6bn shortfall. While more money is desperately needed, the real solution is an end to this war...

Fev 23, 11:27 pm

UAE Removed from FATF Grey List, Despite Evidence of Role in Illicit Arms and Gold Trade (The Sentry)

Anrike Visser, Senior Advisor on Illicit Finance Policy to The Sentry, said: “Today the Financial Action Task Force fully welcomes the UAE back into the international financial system and removes the need for enhanced scrutiny on transactions stemming from the Emirates. At the same time, evidence indicates the ongoing role of the UAE in facilitating the illicit arms and gold trade fuelling the war in Sudan. Only a month ago, a United Nations Panel of Experts report was leaked citing “credible” evidence the UAE was supplying arms to the warring parties in Sudan, despite a 2005 UN arms embargo. It details how gold linked to the Rapid Support Forces, accused of committing war crimes in Sudan together with the Sudanese Armed Forces, has continued to flow to Dubai, even since the war broke out...