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Malcolm X (1925–1965)

Autor(a) de The Autobiography of Malcolm X

41+ Works 11,454 Membros 139 Reviews 14 Favorited

About the Author

Born in Omaha, Nebraska, and the son of a Baptist minister, Malcolm Little grew up with violence. Whites killed several members of his family, including his father. As a youngster, he went to live with a sister in Boston where he started a career of crime that he continued in New York's Harlem as a mostrar mais drug peddler and pimp. While serving a prison term for burglary in 1952, he converted to Islam and undertook an intensive program of study and self-improvement, movingly detailed in "Autobiography of Malcolm X." He wrote constantly to Elijah Muhammad (Elijah Poole, 1897--1975), head of the black separatist Nation of Islam, which already claimed the loyalty of several of his brothers and sisters. Upon release from prison, Little went to Detroit, met with Elijah Muhammad, and dropped the last name Little, adopting X to symbolize the unknown African name his ancestors had been robbed of when they were enslaved. Soon he was actively speaking and organizing as a Muslim minister. In his angry and articulate preaching, he condemned white America for its treatment of blacks, denounced the integration movement as black self-delusion, and advocated black control of black communities. During the turbulent 1960's, he was seen as inflammatory and dangerous. In 1963, a storm broke out when he called President Kennedy's assassination a case of "chickens coming home to roost," meaning that white violence, long directed against blacks, had now turned on itself. The statement was received with fury, and Elijah Muhammad denounced him publicly. Shocked and already disillusioned with the leader because of his reputed involvement with several women, Malcolm X went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and then traveled to several African countries, where he was received as a fellow Muslim. When he returned home, he was bearing a new message: Islam is a religion that welcomes and unites people of all races in the Oneness of Allah. On the night of February 21, 1965, as he was preaching at Harlem's Audubon Ballroom, he was assassinated. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Malcolm K. Little / Malcolm X in the last months of his life.


Obras de Malcolm X

The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965) 9,761 cópias
By Any Means Necessary (1970) 235 cópias
Malcolm X: The Last Speeches (1989) 227 cópias
Malcolm X [1992 film] (1992) — Book — 166 cópias
The Diary of Malcolm X (2013) — Autor — 18 cópias
A Malcolm X Reader (1994) 14 cópias
Two Speeches by Malcolm X (1966) 13 cópias
Malcolm X Speaks Out (1992) 6 cópias
A Choice of Two Roads [sound recording] — Interviewee — 2 cópias
The Ballot or the Bullet (2018) 1 exemplar(es)
The Autobiography 1 exemplar(es)
O Islamismo na América (1995) 1 exemplar(es)
Why I Am Not an American 1 exemplar(es)
Malcolm X Quotes 1 exemplar(es)
The wisdom of Malcolm X (1970) 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The Portable Sixties Reader (2002) — Contribuinte — 327 cópias
Modern American Memoirs (1995) — Contribuinte — 189 cópias
Let Nobody Turn Us Around: An African American Anthology (1999) — Contribuinte — 150 cópias
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (1995) — Contribuinte — 91 cópias
The Black Power Revolt (1968) — Contribuinte — 71 cópias
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuinte — 68 cópias
Hokum: An Anthology of African-American Humor (2006) — Contribuinte — 66 cópias
I Hear a Symphony: African Americans Celebrate Love (1994) — Contribuinte — 33 cópias
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Contribuinte — 31 cópias
Playboy Magazine | May 1963 (1963) — Contribuinte — 3 cópias


Conhecimento Comum



HelioKonishi | outras 2 resenhas | Apr 14, 2022 |



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