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Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Autor(a) de Leaves of Grass

530+ Works 27,024 Membros 235 Reviews 170 Favorited
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About the Author

Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He mostrar mais spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Obras de Walt Whitman

Leaves of Grass (1855) 9,983 cópias
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) (1855) 2,815 cópias
The Complete Poems (1867) 1,320 cópias
Whitman: Poetry and Prose (1982) 1,254 cópias
Song of Myself (1984) 814 cópias
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] (1991) 532 cópias
On the Beach at Night Alone (2015) 193 cópias
Specimen Days (1961) 167 cópias
Poems By Walt Whitman (1911) 143 cópias
The Essential Whitman (1987) 140 cópias
Specimen Days & Collect (1995) 117 cópias
Memoranda During the War (1876) 115 cópias
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) 103 cópias
Drum taps (1865) 94 cópias
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] (1996) 92 cópias
Whitman [ed. Fielder] (1959) 85 cópias
O Captain! My Captain! (1970) 82 cópias
Three Great American Poets (1900) 72 cópias
The Walt Whitman Reader (1993) 69 cópias
The poetry of Walt Whitman (1997) 53 cópias
A Choice of Whitman's Verse (1973) 52 cópias
I Hear America Singing (1800) 51 cópias
Laws for Creations (2006) 43 cópias
Voyages (1988) 43 cópias
Democratic Vistas (1871) 42 cópias
Selected Poems [ed. Lipkin] (2000) 39 cópias
Live Oak, with Moss (2019) 38 cópias
The Whitman Reader (1955) 35 cópias
Leaves of Grass (Everyman) (1993) 30 cópias
Miracles: the wonder of life (1969) 27 cópias
An American Primer (1986) 24 cópias
Nothing But Miracles (2003) 20 cópias
Walt Whitman 20 cópias
The works of Walt Whitman (1968) 17 cópias
Walt Whitman: Selected Poems [Sweetwater Press] (2006) — Autor — 17 cópias
American Bard (1982) 11 cópias
November Boughs (1889) 11 cópias
Hojas de hierba- 2018 (2019) 10 cópias
Cálamo (1993) 10 cópias
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] (1987) 10 cópias
Whitman (1968) 9 cópias
Overhead the Sun (1969) 8 cópias
The correspondence (2004) 7 cópias
The gathering of the forces (1920) 7 cópias
Two prefaces 7 cópias
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems — Autor — 6 cópias
Gresstrå 1 (2006) 6 cópias
Digte 5 cópias
Whitman: The Mystic Poets (2004) 5 cópias
Whitman the Poet (1964) 5 cópias
Cimen Yapraklari (2015) 4 cópias
A Whitman Portrait (1960) 4 cópias
Song of the Open Road (1990) 4 cópias
The book of heavenly death (2009) 4 cópias
Hymnen für die Erde (1958) 4 cópias
Cimen Yapraklari - II (2020) 4 cópias
Sequel to Drum-Taps (1959) 4 cópias
The Walt Whitman Megapack (2014) 3 cópias
Canti d'addio 3 cópias
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo (1981) 3 cópias
Obras completas. II (2005) 3 cópias
Complete Writings Vol. 3 (2018) 3 cópias
La parola del corpo (2000) 3 cópias
The Pamphlet Poets (1926) 2 cópias
Les fulles d'herba (1983) 2 cópias
Prose Works (2016) 2 cópias
Utvalda dagar (2016) 2 cópias
Rohulehed (2021) 2 cópias
La quercia 2 cópias
Short Stories 2 cópias
The wisdom of Walt Whitman (1979) 2 cópias
Slang in America 2 cópias
Leaves of Grass 2 cópias
Selected Poems by Whitman (2006) 2 cópias
Two Rivulets 2 cópias
SEÇME ŞİİRLER 1 exemplar(es)
Three Poems 1 exemplar(es)
Días Ejemplares de América (1946) 1 exemplar(es)
Walt Whitman's poems 1 exemplar(es)
Kosmos 1 exemplar(es)
Walt Whitman's poetry : a study & a selection (1978) — Autor — 1 exemplar(es)
Vidas ejemplares 1 exemplar(es)
Žolės lapai: poezijos rinktinė (2019) 1 exemplar(es)
Song of the Exposition 1 exemplar(es)
FIJE BARI 1 exemplar(es)
Sangen om migselv 1 exemplar(es)
Manahatta 1 exemplar(es)
Two Rivulets 1 exemplar(es)
"A Woman Waits for Me" 1 exemplar(es)
Drum Tabs (2021) 1 exemplar(es)
“Broadway Pageant” 1 exemplar(es)
"The Sleepers" 1 exemplar(es)
Leaves of Grass C3 1 exemplar(es)
Walt Whitman Abroad 1 exemplar(es)
Fűszálak Walt Whitman versei (1992) 1 exemplar(es)
diVersi 1 exemplar(es)
Vita e avventure di Jack Engle (2017) 1 exemplar(es)
CALAMO (2017) 1 exemplar(es)
Habla Walt Whitman (2008) 1 exemplar(es)
Miracles (excerpt) 1 exemplar(es)
Poemas esenciales 1 exemplar(es)
Paroles du Nouveau Monde (1997) 1 exemplar(es)
Visões Democráticas (2012) 1 exemplar(es)
Cîntec despre mine 1 exemplar(es)
A collection of poems. 1 exemplar(es)
Hojas de Hierba - Tomo I 1 exemplar(es)
Foglie D'erba 1855 1 exemplar(es)
Fuldkomne Dage 1 exemplar(es)
Collected Poetry (2003) 1 exemplar(es)
City of Orgies (2012) 1 exemplar(es)
Poems from the Leaves of Grass (1913) 1 exemplar(es)
Canti scelti 1 exemplar(es)
Death of Abraham Lincoln 1 exemplar(es)
Prosaschriften 1 exemplar(es)
Poems and prose 1 exemplar(es)
a child's reminiscence 1 exemplar(es)
Werke 1 exemplar(es)
Eidolons 1 exemplar(es)
Valitut runot (2007) 1 exemplar(es)
Spojím vás láskou milenců (2002) 1 exemplar(es)
Fremtidens historie 1 exemplar(es)
Gesange Und Inschriften (1921) (2008) 1 exemplar(es)
Song of the Redwood Tree 1 exemplar(es)
new york dissected (1972) 1 exemplar(es)
Whitman's Poems 1 exemplar(es)
Tébolyda-cella válogatott versek (1995) 1 exemplar(es)
Poesías 1 exemplar(es)
Lincoln (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
Poems by Walt Whitman 1 exemplar(es)
A child said, What is the grass? (2012) 1 exemplar(es)
Demokratski vidici 1 exemplar(es)
Poèmes de Walt Whitman 1 exemplar(es)
Opere alese 1 exemplar(es)
Lyrik und Prosa 1 exemplar(es)
Canto una vita immensa (2009) 1 exemplar(es)
Walt Whitman - Hojas de Hierba (2020) 1 exemplar(es)
Jag hör Amerika sjunga (2019) 1 exemplar(es)
Leaves of Grass : Selections from (1900) 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 2 1 exemplar(es)
Choix de poèmes 1 exemplar(es)
Freedom and Domination 1 exemplar(es)
Ruohonlehtiä 1 exemplar(es)
Rivulets of prose: Critical essays (1928) 1 exemplar(es)
Leaves of grass; Volume 1 (2013) 1 exemplar(es)
collected prose 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 1 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 4 1 exemplar(es)
Warble for Lilac-Time (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
Američke priče (2015) 1 exemplar(es)
The Poetry of Walt Whitman (1999) 1 exemplar(es)
Io canto me stesso 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 5 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 9 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 8 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 7 1 exemplar(es)
Complete Writings Vol. 6 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

One Hundred and One Famous Poems (1916) — Contribuinte, algumas edições1,879 cópias
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (2000) — Contribuinte — 1,228 cópias
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Contribuinte, algumas edições902 cópias
English Poetry, Volume III: From Tennyson to Whitman (1909) — Contribuinte — 587 cópias
The Outlaw Bible of American Poetry (1999) — Contribuinte — 583 cópias
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (2001) — Contribuinte — 537 cópias
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (1961) — Contribuinte — 516 cópias
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Contribuinte — 511 cópias
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (1954) — Contribuinte, algumas edições435 cópias
Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography (1995) — Associated Name — 406 cópias
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Contribuinte — 405 cópias
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Contribuinte — 383 cópias
Ten Poems to Change Your Life (2001) — Contribuinte — 346 cópias
Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out (2008) — Contribuinte — 337 cópias
Literature: The Human Experience (2006) — Contribuinte — 335 cópias
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Contribuinte — 274 cópias
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Contribuinte, algumas edições250 cópias
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2011) — Contribuinte — 234 cópias
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (1983) — Contribuinte — 231 cópias
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (2003) — Contribuinte — 199 cópias
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (2008) — Contribuinte — 196 cópias
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2012) — Contribuinte — 165 cópias
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Contribuinte — 160 cópias
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contribuinte — 157 cópias
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (1997) — Contribuinte — 142 cópias
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (2013) — Contribuinte — 138 cópias
The Faber Book of Beasts (1997) — Contribuinte — 136 cópias
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Contribuinte — 127 cópias
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Contribuinte — 110 cópias
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Contribuinte — 109 cópias
Soul: An Archaeology--Readings from Socrates to Ray Charles (1994) — Contribuinte — 100 cópias
Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (2007) — Contribuinte — 100 cópias
Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? (2006) — Contribuinte — 93 cópias
Poets of the Civil War (2005) — Contribuinte — 93 cópias
The Norton Book of Friendship (1991) — Contribuinte — 92 cópias
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (2002) — Contribuinte — 80 cópias
The Everyman Anthology of Poetry for Children (1994) — Contribuinte — 71 cópias
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuinte — 66 cópias
The Name of Love: Classic Gay Love Poems (1995) — Contribuinte — 51 cópias
The Ecopoetry Anthology (2013) — Contribuinte — 47 cópias
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (2014) — Contribuinte — 38 cópias
Summer: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (2005) — Contribuinte — 37 cópias
Strange Glory (1977) — Contribuinte — 22 cópias
Racconti Gialli (1992) — Autor — 20 cópias
AQA Anthology (2002) — Autor, algumas edições19 cópias
Ellery Queen's Poetic Justice (1967) — Contribuinte, algumas edições18 cópias
Constructing Nature: Readings from the American Experience (1996) — Contribuinte — 17 cópias
The Mark of Zorro [1920 film] (1920) — Actor — 14 cópias
Great Writers and Poets in Ten Volumes (2007) — Autor — 13 cópias
Trees: A Celebration (1989) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
Queer Nature: A Poetry Anthology (2022) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
American Poems 1779-1900 (1922) — Contribuinte — 11 cópias
Love This Giant (2012) — Compositor — 10 cópias
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (1967) — Contribuinte — 10 cópias
Mitt skattkammer. b.9 Gjennom tidene — Contribuinte — 9 cópias
Men and Women: The Poetry of Love (1970) — Contribuinte — 8 cópias
American Poetry from the Beginning to Whitman (1931) — Contribuinte — 7 cópias
Onthebus No. 8 and 9 — Contribuinte — 6 cópias
The Bitch-Goddess Success: Variations on an American Theme (1968) — Contribuinte — 6 cópias
Toward the unknown region [score] — Lyricist — 5 cópias
A Gathering of Ghosts: A Treasury (1970) — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
Great Poems from Chaucer to Whitman — Contribuinte — 3 cópias
The Best of American Poetry [Audio] (1997) — Contribuinte — 1 exemplar(es)
The California quarterly — Contribuinte, algumas edições1 exemplar(es)


19th century (613) America (120) American (503) American Civil War (83) American history (108) American literature (819) American poetry (279) anthology (1,121) biography (117) Civil War (202) classic (309) classics (487) collection (159) essays (260) fiction (804) hardcover (121) Harvard Classics (150) history (292) horror (111) Library of America (288) literary criticism (100) literature (1,052) LOA (110) nature (114) non-fiction (528) own (148) poems (221) poetry (9,254) poetry anthology (95) read (148) reference (112) short stories (151) textbook (98) to-read (1,020) transcendentalism (100) unread (128) USA (173) Walt Whitman (318) Whitman (209) writing (85)

Conhecimento Comum

Nome padrão
Whitman, Walt
Nome de batismo
Whitman, Walter
Outros nomes
Whitman, Walt
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Local de enterro
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey, USA
País (para mapa)
Local de nascimento
West Hills, Huntington, Long Island, New York, USA
Local de falecimento
Camden, New Jersey, USA
Causa da morte
miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis
Locais de residência
Washington, D.C., USA
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Georgetown, Colorado, USA
Laurel Springs, New Jersey, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
short-story writer
teacher (mostrar todas 12)
apprentice printer
convention delegate
clerk (Bureau of Indian Affairs ∙ U.S. Department of the Interior)
The Patriot
Long Islander
Long Island Democrat
Brooklyn Eagle
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1930)
Gave Commencement Address at Dartmouth College (1872)
Walt Whitman Bridge
Pequena biografia
Walter Whitman Jr. (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was controversial in his time, particularly his 1855 poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality.

Born in Huntington on Long Island, Whitman resided in Brooklyn as a child and through much of his career. At the age of 11, he left formal schooling to go to work. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known. The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. On the death of Abraham Lincoln, whom Whitman greatly admired, he wrote his well known poems, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd", and gave a series of lectures. After a stroke towards the end of his life, Whitman moved to Camden, New Jersey, where his health further declined. When he died at the age of 72, his funeral was a public event.

Whitman's influence on poetry remains strong. Mary Whitall Smith Costelloe argued: "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman, without Leaves of Grass ... He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him." Modernist poet Ezra Pound called Whitman "America's poet ... He is America."



Arion Press "Leaves of Grass" on ABE em Fine Press Forum (Outubro 2022)
Walt Whitman em Someone explain it to me... (Maio 2018)


Got a facsimile copy of the 1855 first edition so I could read this in its original form, and for the preface which didn't appear in many subsequent editions. I'm glad I did, to get the interesting typographical things Whitman did with this publication.
JBD1 | outras 82 resenhas | Nov 25, 2023 |
$950. original green cloth, gilt-decorated spine, gilt lettering, t.e.g., others untrimmed. Frontis portrait and one leaf of manuscript facsimile. An interesting and uncommon edition of Leaves of Grass, which according to BAL contains the first appearance the 13 poems that comprise "Old Age Echoes" - though Myerson does not recognize that. Herbert Small was one of the founders of Small Maynard in Boston, and Leaves of Grass was one of their first publications, the rights to which they acquired from Whitman's literary executors. This copy may well have been one of the first ones off the press as there is also a signature, The matter of the cancel leaf "Good Bye My Fancy" is a possible reference to later issues having a hyphen between good and bye.… (mais)
susangeib | outras 82 resenhas | Oct 26, 2023 |
I read this over the course of a few months, and probably should have read it more slowly. Some of his poems really resonate for me, especially "Song of the Open Road" and "Song of Myself." Many of his poems have beautiful individual lines, but taken as a whole just become a jumble of words and lists, rapidly becoming tedious. I love his total acceptance of everyone, regardless of sex, his comfort with sexuality and physicality. I feel he was very authentic, especially given the times he lived in. His poems are a celebration of America and its people, rather than a call for change.… (mais)
TheGalaxyGirl | outras 82 resenhas | Aug 30, 2023 |
I love the Everyman's Library Pocket Poets Edition books. These little books are packed with poems, from the Author(s). I have read some several times. I have even used them to teach about poetry and the works of the certain author. Nice add to any library.
JPMomW | Aug 17, 2023 |



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Walter Lowenfels Editor, Introduction
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Mark Beard Photographer
Frank Yamrus Photographer
Bill Jacobson Photographer
Russell Maynor Photographer
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Robert Flynt Photographer
Brian Selznick Illustrator
Paul Cava Illustrator
J. E. Spingarn Contributor
Stuart P. Sherman Contributor
Edgar Allan Poe Contributor
Irving Babbit Contributor
Van Wyck Brooks Contributor
W. C. Brownell Contributor
Paul Elmer More Contributor
Lewis E. Gates Contributor
Prosser Hall Frye Contributor
Henry James Contributor
Gay Wilson Allen Editor, Introduction
Karen Karbiener Afterword, Editor
Robert Hass Selection and Introduction
Charles Mikolaycak Illustrator
Gaylord Schanilec Illustrator
Justin Kaplan Editor, Introduction
Lewis C. Daniel Illustrator
Rockwell Kent Illustrator
Jim Spanfeller Illustrator
Valenti Angelo Illustrator
Charles Cullen Illustrator
León Felipe Translator, Preface
Brian Murray Narrator
Ed Begley Narrator
Loren Long Illustrator
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Brian Edwards Introduction
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