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Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

Autor(a) de Walden

529+ Works 42,618 Membros 444 Reviews 188 Favorited
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About the Author

In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is mostrar mais as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras de Henry David Thoreau

Walden (1854) — Autor — 14,006 cópias
Walden / Civil Disobedience (1849) 7,601 cópias
A Desobediência Civil (1849) 1,570 cópias
Walden and Other Writings (1854) 1,475 cópias
Walking (1862) 903 cópias
The Portable Thoreau (1947) 849 cópias
Cape Cod (1865) 775 cópias
The Maine Woods (1950) 760 cópias
Walden and other writings (1993) 745 cópias
Thoreau: On Man and Nature (1960) 416 cópias
Collected Essays and Poems (2001) 349 cópias
Walden and Other Writings (1937) 321 cópias
The Journal, 1837–1861 (2001) 312 cópias
The Natural History Essays (1980) 142 cópias
Letters to a Spiritual Seeker (2004) 140 cópias
Reflections at Walden (1968) 140 cópias
Walden and Other Writings (1981) 133 cópias
Henry David's House (2002) 132 cópias
Excursions (1863) 131 cópias
Works of Henry David Thoreau (1981) 105 cópias
Civil Disobedience / Reading (1995) — Autor — 94 cópias
Life Without Principle (1863) 72 cópias
Wild Apples (1923) 63 cópias
Autumnal Tints (1900) 59 cópias
Thoreau on Birds (1964) 56 cópias
Men of Concord (1936) 52 cópias
Walden (1990) 49 cópias
Canoeing in the Wilderness (1864) 47 cópias
Thoughts from Walden Pond (1998) 43 cópias
Friendship and Other Essays (1920) 43 cópias
The Illuminated Walden (1714) 40 cópias
A Yankee in Canada (1866) 35 cópias
Thoreau's Wildflowers (2016) 33 cópias
Thoreau's animals (2017) 33 cópias
Material Faith: Thoreau on Science (1999) — Autor — 31 cópias
The Quotable Thoreau (2011) 31 cópias
Thoreau in the Mountains (1982) 31 cópias
Thoreau: Political Writings (1996) 26 cópias
The River (1963) 25 cópias
Un paseo invernal (2014) 24 cópias
Thoreau: The Major Essays (1972) 18 cópias
Summer (2017) 16 cópias
Ktaadn (1848) 16 cópias
Essays, journals, and poems (1975) 15 cópias
A Year in the Woods (2017) 13 cópias
Letters to various persons (1865) 12 cópias
Friendship (1900) 11 cópias
Walden and Other Writings (2010) 9 cópias
Slavery in Massachusetts (2008) 9 cópias
Musketaquid (2014) 8 cópias
The Works of Thoreau (1946) 8 cópias
A Winter Walk (1843) 7 cópias
Journal, Volume 3 (1992) 7 cópias
Ascoltare gli alberi (2018) 5 cópias
Volar : apuntes sobre aves (2016) 5 cópias
Lob der Wildnis (2013) 5 cópias
Journal, Volume 5 (1997) 5 cópias
Henry David Thoreau Selected Writings (1958) — Autor — 5 cópias
Thoreau's New England (2007) 5 cópias
Diarios. Breve antología. (2002) 4 cópias
Voisins animaux (2020) 4 cópias
Journal, Volume 6 (2000) 4 cópias
El Diario - Volumen Ii (2017) 4 cópias
Walden and Selected Essays (1992) 4 cópias
Sivil Itaatsizlik (2015) 3 cópias
American Fields and Forests (1909) 3 cópias
Leben aus den Wurzeln. (1992) 3 cópias
Poemas (2018) 3 cópias
Sir Walter Raleigh (2007) 3 cópias
Nature and Walking (2011) 3 cópias
Thoreau on writing (1989) 3 cópias
Pensées sauvages (2017) 3 cópias
Sept Jours sur le fleuve (2012) 3 cópias
Poems of Nature 3 cópias
El gran invierno (2021) 3 cópias
Kolme matkaa erämaahan (2014) 2 cópias
The New Walden 2 cópias
Primavera 2 cópias
Vida salvaje, La (2016) 2 cópias
Histoire de moi-même (2017) 2 cópias
Til naturen (2017) 2 cópias
Toulky přírodou (2010) 2 cópias
An Excursion to Canada (2012) 2 cópias
Night and Moonlight (2013) 2 cópias
WALDEN And Other Stories (1937) 2 cópias
Tagebuch I (German Edition) (2015) 2 cópias
Journal 1844-1846 (2014) 2 cópias
Journal, 1837-1852 (2002) 2 cópias
Essais (2007) 2 cópias
The service (2021) 2 cópias
Nature Walking 1 exemplar(es)
Deník (2020) 1 exemplar(es)
La vida en los bosques 1 exemplar(es)
ソロー 博物誌 1 exemplar(es)
Mosbindja Civile 1 exemplar(es)
Shoe-strings 1 exemplar(es)
The Angle of Dazzle 1 exemplar(es)
Yaban Elmasi (2021) 1 exemplar(es)
A desobediência civil 1 exemplar(es)
Week of the Concord 1 exemplar(es)
Opere scelte 1 exemplar(es)
Spring 1 exemplar(es)
THOREAU - Four Writings 1 exemplar(es)
American writers series 1 exemplar(es)
POETICAS DEL CAMINAR 1 exemplar(es)
La semplice verità: Diari inediti (2015) 1 exemplar(es)
Walden ; Sartor Resartus 1 exemplar(es)
Περπατώντας 1 exemplar(es)
Cape Cod, vol. 1 1 exemplar(es)
Selected writings 1 exemplar(es)
The Essential Thoreau (2008) 1 exemplar(es)
O obywatelskim nieposłuszeństwie (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
Życie bez zasad : eseje 1 exemplar(es)
Huckleberries (1970) 1 exemplar(es)
Sem título 1 exemplar(es)
The Writings VI (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
An Ideal 1 exemplar(es)
Libro de Citas (Spanish Edition) (2002) 1 exemplar(es)
On walking (Little blue book) (1924) 1 exemplar(es)
Thoreau's Journals — Autor — 1 exemplar(es)
Walden, Volume 2 (2010) 1 exemplar(es)
Vaellus vuorelle ja muita esseitä (2007) 1 exemplar(es)
Thoreau's Thumbnail Walden (2000) 1 exemplar(es)
The moon (1985) 1 exemplar(es)
La nuit et le clair de lune (2003) 1 exemplar(es)
Cape Cod & the Maine Woods (2003) 1 exemplar(es)
Passejades (2000) 1 exemplar(es)
A Walk to Land's End 1 exemplar(es)
The Landlord (2015) 1 exemplar(es)
In Praise of Walking (2018) 1 exemplar(es)
Walden Ya Da Ormanda Yasam (2018) 1 exemplar(es)
On Land 1 exemplar(es)
On Water 1 exemplar(es)
The Walk to Land's End 1 exemplar(es)
Kring Bellman 1 exemplar(es)
Correspondance: bilingual edition (2009) 1 exemplar(es)
Yürümek (2013) 1 exemplar(es)
Coratge cívic 1 exemplar(es)
The Maine Woods (1864) 1 exemplar(es)
Thoreau’s Journals 1 exemplar(es)
Las manzanas silvestres (2014) 1 exemplar(es)
Woodshed 1 exemplar(es)
Summer (misfiled) 1 exemplar(es)
Sivil Itaatsizlik - Yürümek (2014) 1 exemplar(es)
Ekonomik Itaatsizlik (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
“Sic Vita” 1 exemplar(es)
Reform and the Reformers 1 exemplar(es)
H.D. THOREAU / G. MANNA - WALD (2017) 1 exemplar(es)
Tagebuch III (2018) 1 exemplar(es)
Une Année dans les bois (2017) 1 exemplar(es)
Still Deep & Sweet 1 exemplar(es)
A Tribute to John Brown 1 exemplar(es)
Survey of a Swamp 1 exemplar(es)
La succession des arbres en forêt (2019) 1 exemplar(es)
Les pommes sauvages (2009) 1 exemplar(es)
Desobeir 1 exemplar(es)
Résistance au gouvernement civil (2010) 1 exemplar(es)
A wood fire from Walden 1 exemplar(es)
Un monde plus large (2021) 1 exemplar(es)
A Vida nos Bosques 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The Art of the Personal Essay (1994) — Contribuinte — 1,367 cópias
American Bloomsbury (2006) — Featured Artist — 651 cópias
Essays: English and American (1910) — Contribuinte — 600 cópias
The Assassin's Cloak: An Anthology of the World's Greatest Diarists (2000) — Contribuinte, algumas edições548 cópias
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Contribuinte — 413 cópias
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Contribuinte — 388 cópias
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Contribuinte — 274 cópias
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Contribuinte, algumas edições255 cópias
The Literary Cat (1977) — Contribuinte — 241 cópias
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (1983) — Contribuinte — 235 cópias
The American transcendentalists, their prose and poetry (1957) — Contribuinte — 186 cópias
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Contribuinte — 161 cópias
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contribuinte — 158 cópias
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Contribuinte — 128 cópias
The Anarchist Reader (1977) — Autor, algumas edições124 cópias
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Contribuinte — 113 cópias
The Anarchists (1964) — Contribuinte — 112 cópias
Winter: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (1986) — Contribuinte — 103 cópias
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contribuinte — 68 cópias
American Sonnets: An Anthology (2007) — Contribuinte — 65 cópias
Selected Writings of the American Transcendentalists (1966) — Contribuinte — 62 cópias
Civil Disobedience: Theory and Practice (1969) — Contribuinte — 60 cópias
Autumn: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (2004) — Contribuinte — 57 cópias
The Red Thread: Twenty Years of NYRB Classics: A Selection (2019) — Contribuinte — 56 cópias
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Contribuinte — 52 cópias
The Book of the Sea (1954) — Contribuinte — 36 cópias
The Signet Book of American Essays (2006) — Contribuinte — 36 cópias
Writing Politics: An Anthology (2020) — Contribuinte — 35 cópias
The Seas of God: Great Stories of the Human Spirit (1944) — Contribuinte — 25 cópias
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (1973) — Contribuinte, algumas edições25 cópias
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Contribuinte — 22 cópias
The Penguin Book of the Ocean (2010) — Contribuinte — 20 cópias
Constructing Nature: Readings from the American Experience (1996) — Contribuinte — 17 cópias
Son of Man: Great Writing About Jesus Christ (2002) — Contribuinte — 17 cópias
Trees: A Celebration (1989) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
Fairy Poems (2023) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
Christmas Classics: Stories for the Whole Family (2006) — Contribuinte — 12 cópias
Favorite Animal Stories (1987) — Contribuinte — 11 cópias
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (1967) — Contribuinte — 10 cópias
Suspense: A Treasury for Young Adults (1966) — Contribuinte — 6 cópias
The Bitch-Goddess Success: Variations on an American Theme (1968) — Contribuinte — 6 cópias
America's Great Wilderness (1976) — Contribuinte — 5 cópias
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Contribuinte — 3 cópias
A Reader for Writers — Contribuinte — 2 cópias
The Analog Sea Review: Number Four (2022) — Contribuinte — 2 cópias

Etiquetado

19th century (655) American (464) American literature (1,123) anthology (648) autobiography (266) biography (342) civil disobedience (188) classic (651) classic literature (157) classics (933) diary (168) ebook (203) ecology (156) environment (265) essay (323) essays (1,919) fiction (584) Henry David Thoreau (235) history (289) Kindle (200) Library of America (263) literature (1,200) Massachusetts (193) memoir (719) natural history (260) nature (1,601) nature writing (176) New England (210) non-fiction (2,389) own (164) philosophy (2,657) poetry (891) politics (468) read (234) Thoreau (666) to-read (1,688) transcendentalism (735) travel (183) unread (255) USA (223)

Conhecimento Comum

Nome de batismo
Thoreau, David Henry
Data de nascimento
1817-07-12
Data de falecimento
1862-05-06
Local de enterro
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Local de falecimento
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Locais de residência
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
New York, New York, USA
Educação
Harvard College (AB|1837)
Ocupação
teacher
writer
essayist
poet
philosopher
inventor (mostrar todas 7)
pencil maker
Relacionamentos
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (friend)
Alcott, Louisa May (student)
Fuller, Margaret (friend)
Jackson, Lidian (friend)
Organizações
Underground Railroad
Huckleberry Party
Transcendentalism
Pequena biografia
Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."

Membros

Discussions

Walden by Henry David Thoreau – STEEL 2022 em Fine Press Forum (Setembro 2023)
Walden em Book talk (Novembro 2017)
1001 Group Read, June, 2012: Walden em 1001 Books to read before you die (Julho 2014)

Resenhas

Nesse ensaio o autor aborda a resistência a ações imorais ou injustas do governo e faz uma crítica à democracia representativa.
½
 
Marcado
grfilho75 | outras 29 resenhas | Sep 4, 2022 |

Listas

Trees (1)
1970s (1)

Prêmios

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John Wawrzonek Photographer
Elbert Hubbard Contributor
Henry Beston Introduction
Peter Fiore Illustrator
Lewis Hyde Editor
Barry Moser Illustrator
John Hay Introduction
Henry Bugbee Kane Illustrator
Ray Angelo Contributor
Erik Bystad Translator
Michael Meyer Introduction, Editor
Perry Miller Afterword
Eduards Groševs Cover designer
William O. Douglas Introduction
Wilhelm Nobbe Übersetzer
Thomas Nason Illustrator
Antti Immonen Translator
Michel Onfray Préface
Sam Gilpin Afterword
Valdis Ābols Translator
Tatjana Fischer Translator
Jacques Mailhos Traduction
Paul E. Kennedy Cover designer
Jim Harrison Préface
Emma Emmerich Translator
Louis Fabulet Traduction
Laura Ross Editor
Max Gissen Editor
Stig Åsberg Illustrator
William Hope Narrator
Jonathan Levin Introduction and Notes
Kristen Case Introduction
Rupert Degas Narrator
W. S. Merwin Introduction
Claire Leighton Illustrator
Carl Bode Editor
Laurence Vernet Translator
Markku Envall Translator
Ben Wiseman Cover artist
Robert Finch Introduction
Henry Bugbee Cane Illustrator
飯田 実 Translator
Paul Theroux Introduction
R. J. Holden Illustrator
David Pearson Cover designer
John Stilgoe Preface
Abigail Rorer Illustrator
N. C. Wyeth Illustrator
Lily Owens Editor
Alexander Pechmann Übersetzer
Einar Sigstad Illustrator
齊藤 昇 Translator

Estatísticas

Obras
529
Also by
63
Membros
42,618
Popularidade
#402
Avaliação
3.9
Resenhas
444
ISBNs
1,935
Idiomas
27
Favorito
188

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