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24+ Works 3,182 Membros 115 Reviews 2 Favorited

About the Author

Image credit: Lawrence Lederman

Obras de Gary Taubes

The Case Against Sugar (2016) — Autor — 555 cópias
Surgery in Cyberspace 1 exemplar(es)
The Electronic Nose 1 exemplar(es)
The Anti-Matter Mission 1 exemplar(es)
Conversations in a Cell 1 exemplar(es)
Silicone in the System 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The Best American Science Writing 2002 (2002) — Contribuinte — 146 cópias

Etiquetado

2011 (11) 2012 (10) audible (13) audiobook (18) carbohydrates (26) cholesterol (12) cooking (14) currently-reading (10) diabetes (16) diet (182) dieting (10) eating (10) ebook (33) fat (26) fitness (14) food (136) food and drink (9) goodreads (17) goodreads import (13) health (306) Health & Fitness (23) heart disease (10) history (15) keto (13) Kindle (54) low carb (47) Low-carbohydrate diet (11) medicine (21) non-fiction (238) nutrition (198) obesity (44) owned (11) physics (22) read (23) science (116) self-help (13) sugar (33) to-read (287) unread (11) weight loss (35)

Conhecimento Comum

Data de nascimento
1956-04-30
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
Rochester, New York, USA
Educação
Harvard University
Stanford University
Columbia University
Ocupação
journalist
Organizações
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Membros

Resenhas

This is actually a review of the Blinkist summary of Supercommunicators so not entirely fair to the original author. However, it's a way for me to get through a large number of books and identify those where I would really like to read the original. There was a time when sugar wasn’t an additive in the majority of processed foods. The history of sugar can be traced back thousands of years to the island of New Guinea and its native people, who were the first to plant sugarcane for cultivation. It was such a luxurious status symbol that it was included, along with pearls and other treasures, in gifts that the King of Spain would habitually receive. Sugar beets can be grown just about anywhere, and once a process was developed to extract beet sugar, the ingredient became a whole lot easier to come by.
Then came the steam engine, which brought on the Industrial Revolution. As a result, a refinery in the 1920s could produce the same amount of sugar in a day that used to take a decade to produce in the 1820s.
In the early nineteenth century, people primarily used sugar to sweeten tea, coffee or other hot beverages. But with the new methods of refining sugar, sweet foods like candy, ice cream, chocolate bars and soft drinks could be mass-produced at a low cost.
One of the most revolutionary sugary products was Coca-Cola, which was invented in 1885 by John Pemberton, who originally promoted the drink as a “brain tonic.” It wasn’t until years later, when Asa Candler added more sugar and turned it into a soda, that it became the world’s most popular soft drink.
There are different kinds of calories:calories from sugar are among worst for health.
For a long time we’ve lived under two common misconceptions....One is that all calories are equal, and the other is that our calorie intake is the primary cause of unhealthy weight gain.
Most of our hormones are hard at work extracting energy from our stored fat cells. However, researchers noticed one hormone that actually performed the opposite function: insulin....So, what causes high blood sugar levels, rising insulin levels and an increase in fat storage? Eating meals that are high in carbohydrates–especially sugar.
Therefore, all calories are not created equal. Despite this evidence, the sugar industry has stayed on message and continues to push the low-calorie theory. And their persistence has been surprisingly effective,
Sugar industry has been hard at work protecting its image and fighting competition.
The sugar industry in 1928, created the Sugar Institute as part of their campaign to increase demand for sugar....The 1950s was the period in which the obesity rate in the United States began to increase and different dieting trends began to emerge. This is also when the sugar industry turned to the “a calorie is a calorie” theory and suggested that other foods be cut from one’s diet, not sugar.....So, between 1963 and 1969, the sugar industry honed in on this stipulation [other sweeteners caused cancer] and spent over $ 4 million on studies to remove the GRAS status for cyclamate.....By the end of the campaign of testing artificial sweeteners on rats, they did succeed in getting cyclamate banned.
The sugar industry has spread lies about the dangers of other foods.
You may have come across the popular assertion that saturated fat causes heart disease.
In this case, the scientist Ancel Keys was the one who popularized the link between eating fatty foods and getting heart disease.....Keys had a conflict of interest: his research was sponsored by the sugar industry....During the twentieth century, heart disease steadily increased in Western nations, alongside obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.
When they looked at the changes that had been made to typical diets and foods in these countries, the answer was clear: sugar.
Too much sugar leads to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome.
When your body becomes insulin resistant, this means that the hormone can no longer store or use the glucose in your bloodstream, because the cells have become resistant. This can lead to a vicious cycle since, to lower your blood sugar levels, you need introduce more insulin into your body....It is very likely that sugar is the cause of this resistance.....100 calories of sugar will provide different results than 100 calories of fat or protein, especially in terms of insulin release....Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome are associated with just about every Western disease.
Sugar linked to a variety of diseases common in Western countries, including cancer.
In 1968, the diet of the Tokelau people consisted of coconut, pork, fish, chicken and breadfruit. Fat made up more than 50 percent of the calories and sugar only two percent, equal to about eight pounds of sugar per year. At this point, only three percent of the men and nine percent of the women were diabetic......But by 1982, with access to the mainland, the consumption of sugar had risen to 55 pounds per year. Now, 11 percent of the men and one out of every five women [I hate this change of measurement ..the figure is 20%]...who emigrated were diabetic. In addition, many were now obese and suffering from different Western diseases,
Research showed that patients who had increased levels of insulin in their blood ran a higher risk of developing cancer.
Final summary
The key message in this book: There’s a strong case to be made that sugar is a principal underlying cause of many of the diseases currently plaguing Western nations. This is primarily due to the way sugar causes insulin resistance, which multiple studies have identified as a precursor to many other diseases. This isn’t a new discovery either, as doctors have warned against the consumption of too much sugar for years. Nevertheless, the sugar industry is a powerful voice that has worked for decades to silence the truth. Actionable advice: Try to live without sugar.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
booktsunami | outras 14 resenhas | Jun 19, 2024 |
A book laden with research about the research of health in terms of what we eat and the impact on potential health problems. The author eloquently points out various hypothesis and studies done on finding out problems that are or can become chronic to humans. Science works only by testing alternative hypothesis, testing both those that the researcher thinks are right and wrong. Considering the heavy consensus building done to insure one hypothesis over other hypothesis reduced the field of nutrition be less than scientific. Taubes brings proper science to the field by showing research of most if not all major research and people in the field.
Taubes points out other research that shows that overweight people tend to eat the same or with little difference to the of lean people. Obesity research has been done with preconceived notions such as that overweight people tend to have a positive caloric intake, or more specifically that they eat more than they should. The argument is what is cause and effect, for the body needs energy so the question is how the body decimates the energy throughout the body and what it does when there is a lack/deficit of energy intake. Research shows that it is insulin that effects how we deal with energy intake. The hormonal environment of the body seems to be the answer to many different health problems. This book does a great job at targeting and ameliorating wrongly placed stigma, such as that overweight people have a behavioral defect which is incorrect as it is what how the body tackles the energy intake that matters. Depending on how our body disseminates energy will effect how active we are such that if we are effective at transporting energy we will be more active and vice versa.
Diets that restrict calorie count are very harmful for when the person starts to eat normally again they invariably gain more weight than they had before the diet. The best way to stay healthy is to eat when we are hungry to insure that the body does not start to think we are living in a scarce food environment, for scarcity of food would mean that the body will store more fat to use in the future as energy.
When the author is discussing the research, very little if at all bias is perceived until after the research is presented. The little bias shown sometimes has a negative impact as it is hard to identify what research is more helpful or harmful. Some parts of the book need to be repeated for more effective readership, like the technical terms from the nutritionists world as it is hard to keep all the specifics in mind when trying to understand the research.
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Marcado
Eugene_Kernes | outras 42 resenhas | Jun 4, 2024 |
A great discussion of what types of food makes our bodies work as they were meant to and what things hurt our bodies which also make the waist grow. It is not the calorie count, not calories in / calories out, and not the sedentary life style that makes us unhealthy. It is the type of calories. Refined carbohydrate such as sugar create an insulin response that is harmful to the body. Insulin is what makes fat cells store fat and keep it. Avoiding carbohydrates allows the body to use the fat in the fat cells. The insulin response causes our cells to adapt and resist insulin, creating a vicious cycle, which after time causes a host of health problems.
This book is a short version of Taubes previous book Good Calories, Bad Calories. This book leaves out a lot of research presented in the prior book. Some of the research left out helped explain some health reasoning.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
Eugene_Kernes | outras 50 resenhas | Jun 4, 2024 |
An important read. Inconclusive but persuasive.
 
Marcado
wsampson13 | outras 14 resenhas | Mar 2, 2024 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
24
Also by
1
Membros
3,182
Popularidade
#8,030
Avaliação
4.1
Resenhas
115
ISBNs
73
Idiomas
10
Favorito
2

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