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Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

Autor(a) de Ethics

268+ Works 8,505 Membros 91 Reviews 57 Favorited

About the Author

Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the mostrar mais Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Inclui os nomes: Spinoza, B Spinoza, de Spinoza, スピノザ, Spinoza/elwes, B. de Spinoza, Baruj Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Espinosa, Bento de Spinoza, Benedikt Spinoza, Bento De Spinoza, Benedict Spinoza, Benedykt Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedetto Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Bento De Espinosa, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedikts Spinoza, Baruch de Espinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedictus Spinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedikt de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedicti De Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedictus de Spinosa, Benedict de] [Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus von Spinoza, Bénédicte de Spinoza, ברוך שפינוזה, Benedikt von von Spinoza, R. H. W. (Spinoza) Elwes, Baruch Benedictus Spinoza, Benedictus Baruch Spinoza, Spinoza; Joseph Ratner (Ed), Benedictus (Baruch) d Spinoza, Бенедикт Спиноза, バルーフ・デ スピノザ, James ed Benedict de) Gutmann Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza (Benedictus de Spinoza), intro-Joseph Ratner, Baruch de Spinoza, James ed Gutmann Spinoza (Benedict de), Benedictus De Spinoza (Benedict Spinoza), R. H. M. (Translator); Benedict Spinoza Elwes, R H M (translator) De Benedict; Elwes Spinoza, R. H. M. (translator) Benedict de; Elwes Spinoza, Joseph (editor B.; Ratner Spinoza, introduction), Benedictus De Spinoza Translated By Andrew Boyle, and Elwes Benedict Spinoza, R. H. M. (Translated, A. (translation); Santayana Baruch; Boyle Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza; Translator And Introduction, Benedict De Spinoza; Translator R.H.M. Elwes; Intr, Spinoza; translated by A. Boyle; introduction by G

Também inclui: Espinosa (1)

Image credit: From Wikipedia


Obras de Baruch Spinoza

Ethics (1677) 2,936 cópias
Theological-Political Treatise (1670) 1,004 cópias
Spinoza: Complete Works (1955) 245 cópias
Political Treatise (1675) 124 cópias
Spinoza Selections (1930) 104 cópias
Briefwisseling (1925) 101 cópias
The Ethics and Selected Letters (1982) — Autor — 73 cópias
Chief works (1951) 57 cópias
Traité politique ; Lettres (1966) 26 cópias
Korte geschriften (1982) 19 cópias
De draagbare Spinoza (1992) 15 cópias
Spinoza (1996) 14 cópias
Spinoza 14 cópias
The Book of God (1958) 13 cópias
De uitgelezen Spinoza (1999) 13 cópias
Letters to friend and foe (1966) 11 cópias
Os Pensadores - Espinosa (1997) 10 cópias
Reflections and Maxims (1965) 10 cópias
La libertà di pensiero (2014) 8 cópias
Obras completas (1966) 8 cópias
Staatkundige verhandeling (2014) 6 cópias
Éthique (2021) 5 cópias
De Dios (Ética) (2007) 5 cópias
Traktaty. Etyka 4 cópias
Pisma wczesne (2009) 4 cópias
Œuvres complètes (2022) 3 cópias
Traktaty (2000) 3 cópias
Antología (1986) 3 cópias
Spinoza (2000) 3 cópias
La superstizione 3 cópias
Spinoza 2 cópias
Spinoza I: Etica 2 cópias
Tratado político (2023) 2 cópias
Ifjúkori művek (1956) 2 cópias
Spinoza (1996) 2 cópias
Dio 2 cópias
Ethica / druk 7 2 cópias
איגרות 2 cópias
Spinoza de Brieven over God (2016) 2 cópias
国家論 (岩波文庫) (1976) 2 cópias
Conoscenza e liberta 1 exemplar(es)
L'Etica 1 exemplar(es)
The Rationalists 1 exemplar(es)
اخلاق 1 exemplar(es)
tica 1 exemplar(es)
Sämmtliche Werke 1 exemplar(es)
Ethics 1 exemplar(es)
Politiek traktaat 1 exemplar(es)
Opera. 2 Bände: Werke 1 und 2 (2011) 1 exemplar(es)
Tanribilimsel Politik Inceleme (2008) 1 exemplar(es)
Philosophie et politique (1985) 1 exemplar(es)
Despre Dumnezeu. Etica 1 exemplar(es)
Tratado pol©Ưtico 1 exemplar(es)
Briefwechsel (1977) 1 exemplar(es)
Oeuvres 3. Éthique 1 exemplar(es)
מאמר מדיני (1982) 1 exemplar(es)
תורת - המדות 1 exemplar(es)
Spinoza 1 exemplar(es)
Törebilim (2020) 1 exemplar(es)
Oeuvres completes 1 exemplar(es)
Sem título 1 exemplar(es)
Spinoza on Freedom of Thought; (2021) 1 exemplar(es)
Espinosa 1 exemplar(es)
TRAKTATI POLITIK 1 exemplar(es)
Spinoza (1998) 1 exemplar(es)
Spinoza [opere di] 1 exemplar(es)
Selected Letters 1 exemplar(es)
Der politische Traktat 1 exemplar(es)
Tom. 1-2 1 exemplar(es)
Kisa Inceleme (2015) 1 exemplar(es)
Éthique (2023) 1 exemplar(es)
Opere scelte 1 exemplar(es)
Tom. 3-4 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contribuinte — 437 cópias
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algumas edições186 cópias
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Contribuinte — 182 cópias
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contribuinte — 173 cópias
A Golden Treasure of Jewish Literature (1937) — Contribuinte — 75 cópias
Materialism and the mind-body problem (1971) — Contribuinte — 70 cópias
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Contribuinte — 49 cópias
Britannica Great Books: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza (1990) — Contribuinte — 19 cópias
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Contribuinte, algumas edições17 cópias


Conhecimento Comum

Nome padrão
Spinoza, Baruch
Nome de batismo
Espinosa, Baruch
Spinosa, Bento de
Outros nomes
Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza, Baruch de
Data de nascimento
Data de falecimento
Local de enterro
Cemetery of the New Church on the Spui, The Hague, Netherlands
Local de nascimento
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
Local de falecimento
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Locais de residência
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Rijnsburg, Netherlands
Pereira yeshibah, Amsterdam, Netherlands
lens grinder
Pequena biografia
Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to a Sephardic Jewish family whose recent ancestors had been expelled from or fled Spain and Portugal. He received a thorough education, including the study of medieval philosophy as well as the works of Descartes, Hobbes, and other contemporaries. He became a key philosopher and writer laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment, though the importance of his work was not fully realized until many years after his death.
Based on his radical views, the Jewish religious authorities in Amsterdam banned him from their society at age 23. Around this time, he adopted the Latin form of his name, Benedictus de Spinoza. He made a living grinding optical lenses, and continued his scholarly writing. He died in 1677 at age 44, allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps caused by the dust inhaled during his work. Of his writings, only A Treatise on Religious and Political Philosophy (1670) was published during his lifetime. His books Ethics, Political Treatise, and Hebrew Grammar appeared posthumously in 1677.



Mini flash-mob for Spinoza's Library em Legacy Libraries (Outubro 2012)
I believe in the God of Spinoza Albert Einstein em Philosophy and Theory (Agosto 2009)


Dr.Montenegro | outras 41 resenhas | Jan 21, 2024 |



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