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Samuel Eliot Morison (1887–1976)

Autor(a) de The Oxford History of the American People

122+ Works 9,845 Membros 83 Reviews 14 Favorited

About the Author

Samuel Eliot Morison was born in Boston in 1887. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1912 and began teaching history there in 1915, becoming full professor in 1925 and Jonathan Trumbull professor of American history in 1941. He served as the university's official historian and wrote a mostrar mais three-volume history of the institution, the Tercentennial History of Harvard College and University, which was completed in 1936. Between 1922 and 1925 he was Harmsworth professor of American history at Oxford. He also was an accomplished sailor who retired from the navy in 1951 as a rear admiral. In preparing for his Pulitzer Prize-winning biographies of Christopher Columbus and John Paul Jones, Admiral of the Ocean Sea (1941) and John Paul Jones: A Sailor's Biography (1952) he took himself out of the study and onto the high seas, where he traced the voyages of his subjects and "lived" their stories insofar as possible. When it came time for the U.S. Navy to select an author to write a history of its operations in World War II, Morison was the natural choice for the task. In 1942, Morison was commissioned by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to write a history of U.S. naval operations in World War II and given the rank of lieutenant commander. The 15 volumes of his History of United States Naval Operations in World War II appeared between 1947 and 1962. Although he retired from Harvard in 1955, Morison continued his research and writing. A product of the Brahmin tradition, Morison wrote about Bostonians and other New Englanders and about life in early Massachusetts. He was an "American historian" in the fullest sense of the term. He also had a keen appreciation for the larger history of the nation and world, provincial is the last word one would use to describe Morison's writing. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Samuel Eliot Morison (1887-1976) "Navy file photo of Rear Adm. Samuel Eliot Morison, USNR, the eminent naval and maritime historian and Pulitzer prize winning author."

Séries

Obras de Samuel Eliot Morison

Christopher Columbus, Mariner (1942) 306 cópias
Leyte, June 1944-January 1945 (1958) 199 cópias
Victory in the Pacific, 1945 (1960) 171 cópias
Builders of the Bay Colony (1930) 133 cópias
One boy's Boston, 1887-1901 (1962) 44 cópias
The Francis Parkman Reader (1955) 39 cópias
Strategy and compromise (1958) 38 cópias
Spring Tides (1965) 30 cópias
An hour of American history (1960) 10 cópias
The Parkman Reader (1955) — Editor; Introdução — 9 cópias
Vistas of History (1964) 8 cópias
The Parkman reader 1 exemplar(es)
The History of Harvard 1 exemplar(es)
STORIA DELLA SCOPERTA DELL'AMERICA (1976) 1 exemplar(es)
Guadalcanal (2019) 1 exemplar(es)
American Neptune 1 exemplar(es)
Beirut: Reviving Lebanon's Past (1999) 1 exemplar(es)
A Woman's Life 1 exemplar(es)
Faith of an Historian 1 exemplar(es)
HISTORY OF US NAVY WW II 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 (1856) — Editor, algumas edições1,313 cópias
Montcalm and Wolfe (1884) — Introdução, algumas edições382 cópias
The Mammoth Book of True War Stories (1992) — Contribuinte — 87 cópias
A Quarto of Modern Literature (1935) — Contribuinte — 40 cópias
Pulitzer Prize Reader (1961) — Contribuinte — 27 cópias
Family Treasury of Great Biographies Volume 05 (1970) — Autor — 23 cópias
Battle: True Stories of Combat in World War II (1965) — Contribuinte — 21 cópias
The Saturday Evening Post Book of the Sea and Ships (1978) — Contribuinte — 16 cópias

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome de batismo
Morison, Samuel Eliot
Data de nascimento
1887-07-09
Data de falecimento
1976-05-15
Local de enterro
Forest Hill Cemetery, Northeast Harbor, Maine, USA (ashes buried)
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Local de falecimento
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Causa da morte
stroke
Locais de residência
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Educação
Harvard University (BA | MA | 1908 | Ph.D | History | 1912)
École Libre des Sciences Politiques
Ocupação
historian
professor
sailor
Relacionamentos
Beck, Emily Morison (daughter)
Santayana, George (teacher)
Organizações
Harvard University
University of Oxford
University of California, Berkeley
American Historical Association
United States Naval Reserve (WWII)
United States Army (WWI)
Premiações
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1964)
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1915)
American Philosophical Society (1937)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (1963)
Pulitzer Prize (1943, 1960)
Bancroft Prize (1949, 1972) (mostrar todas 17)
Balzan Prize (1962)
Officer, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1961)
Loubat Prize (1938)
American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal (1962)
Honorary member, Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati (1938)
Commander, Order of Isabella the Catholic (1963)
Francis Parkman Prize for Special Achievement (1970)
Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement (1961)
Emerson-Thoreau Medal (1961)
Vuelo Panamericano Medal (1943)
Commander, Order of the White Rose of Finland
Pequena biografia
Samuel Eliot Morison (July 9, 1887–May 15, 1976) was professor of history at Harvard University. Known for his works on maritime history, Morison's service in the US Navy during the Second World War provided firsthand research for his 15-volume History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Among other awards and honors, he received two Pulitzer Prizes, two Bancroft Prizes, the Balzan Prize, the Legion of Merit, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Membros

Resenhas

As others have noted, this is a single-volume distillation of Morison's definitive multi-volume account. Even though it still clocks in at just under 600 pages it can still feel condensed, riding a sometimes awkward line between breadth of detail and narrative depth. Morison is a classically-informed military historian, so casual readers might find his attention to the minute particulars of each engagement frustrating. However, he occasionally finds room to spark the imagination with an evocative detail (sailors' pet names for their ship, a German copy of "Murders in the Rue Morgue" bubbling up from the wreckage of a submarine).

As a reader, I'm usually more interested in the human stories behind the grand narratives of battle. So, I sometimes found myself struggling through Morison's litanies of tonnage and displacement, contact reports, bomb hits, kill counts, casualties, degrees of list, and so on (the chapters on submarine warfare suffered especially in this regard). Indeed, readers should expect a semi-specialized text with a good deal of jargon (including plenty of terms outside its own glossary) that presumes a fair bit of naval familiarity on the part of the reader, or willingness to answer one's own questions through further research.

Not that I take any of these to be deficiencies of Morison or the book per se, just some of the hazards of reading hard military history. I found that Morison was at his best in the heat of battle, where he does an excellent job of following the action minute by minute and infusing his pages with a palpable sense of the tone and tenor of each operation.

Readers should also not expect a particularly critical point of view. As a retired sailor himself, Morison is more or less straightforward in his militarism. He sees America's inter-war pacifism as unmitigated folly, and also occasionally is heard to mourn the passing of the pre-20th century period of colonial expansion. Writing in the depths of the Cold War, he expresses an unrepentant belief in the importance of American strategic dominance. He will sometimes preface a chapter with some comments on the political background of the operation at hand, often to bemoan the loss of tactical advantage through diplomatic sluggishness (Churchill comes off especially poorly in these passages).

In conclusion, I think this book could be a worthwhile jumping-off point for a detailed study of the topic, and useful as a quick reference when investigating this or that incident of the war. Scholars and other readers of intense interest will no doubt want to tackle this volume's mother-work. Readers more interested in the human face of the war, the political maneuvers behind it, the cultural impact on the nations that endured it, and other not-strictly-military topics, will probably want to look elsewhere.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
JonKieran | outras 10 resenhas | Jun 11, 2024 |
Just what it says. Near contemporaneous narrative history. Familiar ground but well told. Casual racism throughout.

Especially appreciated the submarine action reports, need to get to Silent Victory.
 
Marcado
kcshankd | Aug 19, 2023 |
Accidently started to read, and couldn't put down. Near contemporary narrative history. Started to collect the set through a book club in high school some 30+ years ago, reunited when mom cleaned out a storage unit.

Starts with an 80-page prelude to the war, covers the opening attacks, Coral Sea, and through the Doolittle raid.

Casual racism throughout.
1 vote
Marcado
kcshankd | outras 2 resenhas | Aug 19, 2023 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
122
Also by
11
Membros
9,845
Popularidade
#2,426
Avaliação
4.0
Resenhas
83
ISBNs
259
Idiomas
11
Favorito
14

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