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Margaret Mead (1901–1978)

Autor(a) de Coming of Age in Samoa

89+ Works 4,780 Membros 42 Reviews 1 Favorited

About the Author

Margaret Mead, an American anthropologist, was for most of her life the most illustrious curator at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. She was famed not only as an anthropologist but also as a public figure, a popularizer of the social sciences, and an analyst of American society. mostrar mais While at Columbia University, she was a student of Franz Boas, whose teaching assistant, Ruth Benedict, became one of Mead's closest colleagues and friends; after Benedict's death, Mead became her first biographer and the custodian of her field notes and papers. Mead's early research in Samoa led to her best selling book, "Coming of Age in Samoa" (1928); it also led, after her death, to a well-publicized attack on her work by the Australian anthropologist Derek Freeman. Her importance was not damaged by his book; in fact, there is probably a greater awareness today of the important role that she played in twentieth-century intellectual history as an advocate of tolerance, education, civil liberties, world peace, and the worldwide ecumenical movement within Christianity. She was an active and devout Episcopalian throughout her life. On January 6, 1979, she was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor. (Bowker Author Biography) Margaret Mead was born on December 16, 1901 in Philadelphia. Her family moved a great deal during her childhood and encouraged her to pursue an education. She graduated from Barnard College in 1923 and earned a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University in 1929. The 1928 publication of her first book, "Coming of Age in Samoa," was based on her study of the sexual patterns of Samoan adolescent girls. It became a best-seller and changed American anthropology; it also established Mead as one of the leaders in American anthropology, a position she retained for 50 years. Mead was active in education most of her life and taught and lectured at many prominent schools, including Columbia University, Vassar College, Fordham University, and New York University. She was appointed assistant curator at the American Museum of Natural History in 1926, becoming successively associate curator in 1942, curator in 1964 and emeritus curator in 1969. In all, Mead wrote 23 widely read books. Some other titles include "Growing Up in New Guinea," "Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies," and "Keep Your Powder Dry: An Anthropologist Looks at America." Margaret Mead died of cancer in New York City in 1978. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras de Margaret Mead

Coming of Age in Samoa (1928) 1,364 cópias
Male and Female (1949) 510 cópias
Growing up in New Guinea (1930) 322 cópias
A Rap on Race (1971) 195 cópias
Cultural Patterns and Technical Change (1953) — Editor — 99 cópias
New Lives for Old (1956) 86 cópias
Family (1965) 80 cópias
People and Places (1959) 79 cópias
An Anthropologist at Work: Writings of Ruth Benedict (1959) — Editor; Introdução — 48 cópias
Continuities in cultural evolution (1964) — Autor — 34 cópias
Ruth Benedict (1947) 26 cópias
Science and the Concept of Race (1968) — Editor — 24 cópias
Aspects of the Present (1980) 17 cópias
Russian Culture (2001) 9 cópias
Interview With Santa Claus (1978) 8 cópias
The Maoris and Their Arts. (1945) 7 cópias
The American Character. (1944) 4 cópias
To Grandmother With Love (1992) 2 cópias
Study of Visual Culture (2011) 2 cópias
DISCUSSIONE SULLA RAZZA (2022) 1 exemplar(es)
Mis años jóvenes 1 exemplar(es)
the future of mankind 1 exemplar(es)
Le racisme en question. (1972) 1 exemplar(es)
Peoples of the Pacific 1 exemplar(es)
Kinship in the Admiralty Islands (2001) 1 exemplar(es)
Mann Und Weib 1 exemplar(es)
Un golpe al racismo 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

Patterns of Culture (1934) — Prefácio, algumas edições1,107 cópias
The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) — Prefácio, algumas edições755 cópias
The Norton Book of Women's Lives (1993) — Contribuinte — 408 cópias
Life Is with People: The Culture of the Shtetl (1952) — Introdução, algumas edições311 cópias
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (1996) — Contribuinte — 218 cópias
Maiden Voyages: Writings of Women Travelers (1993) — Contribuinte — 192 cópias
Ants, Indians, and little dinosaurs (1975) — Contribuinte — 191 cópias
Modern American Memoirs (1995) — Contribuinte — 189 cópias
The Australian Aborigines (1938) — Prefácio, algumas edições86 cópias
The Futurists (1972) — Contribuinte — 69 cópias
The Tender Gift: Breastfeeding (1973) — Prefácio — 16 cópias
Traditional Balinese culture; essays (1970) — Foreword and contributor — 5 cópias
Introducing anthropology — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
The Best from Cosmopolitan — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
Growing up in New Zealand (1978) — Prefácio — 3 cópias
Dialettica della famiglia. Genesi, struttura e dinamica di un'istituzione repressiva (1974) — Autor, algumas edições1 exemplar(es)

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome padrão
Mead, Margaret
Data de nascimento
1901-12-16
Data de falecimento
1978-11-15
Local de enterro
Trinity Episcopal Church, Buckingham, Pennsylvania, USA
Sexo
female
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Local de falecimento
New York, New York, USA
Causa da morte
pancreatic cancer
Educação
DePauw University
Barnard College (BA ∙ 1923)
Columbia University (MA ∙ 1924) (Ph.D. in 1929)
Ocupação
anthropologist
writer
curator (American Museum of Natural History, New York)
lecturer ( Vassar College 1939-41), (Columbia University 1947-51)
adjunct professor (Columbia University 1954- 78)
professor (anthropology and a chairman of the Division of Social Sciences at Fordham University1969 -71
Relacionamentos
Bateson, Gregory (third husband)
Mead, Edward Sherwood (Father)
Mead, Emily (Fogg) (Mother)
Bateson, Mary Catherine (daughter)
Houston, Jean (associate)
Heyman, Ken (colleague)
Organizações
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Literature ∙ 1955)
American Association for the Advancement of Science (1936 President)
Premiações
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1979)
Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science (1970)
Pequena biografia
Margaret Mead was born in Philadelphia into a Quaker family. The family tradition was strong in the social sciences. Her father, Edward Sherwood Mead, was a professor of economics at the University of Pennsylvania, and mother, Emily (Fogg) Mead, a sociologist. In her early childhood, before she knew what the words meant, Mead learned to say, "My father majored in economics and minored in sociology and my mother majored in sociology and minored in economics." In 1919 she entered DePauw University but transferred after a year to Barnard College, where she took a course in anthropology with Professor Franz Boas (1858-1942) and his assistant, Dr. Ruth Benedict.
According to Margaret Caffey's biography about Ruth Benedict, Mead became eventually Benedict's intimate friend. Her first marriage with Luther S. Cressman, a minister and archaeologist, ended in 1928. In the same year she married Dr. Reo F. Fortune, a New Zealand anthropologist, with whom she published GROWING UP IN NEW GUINEA (1930). It compared observations of Pacific Island life with contemporary American educational system. Without accepting promiscuity Mead suggested that in modern society sex attitudes might be more relaxed.
Mead received her Ph.D. in 1929 from Columbia University. She carried out a number of field studies in the Pacific. Edward Mead once had said to her, "It's a pity you aren't a boy; you'd have gone far." Her first field trip Mead made in 1925-26 to the island of Tau, in Samoa. There she studied the development of girls in that society, and published the results in Coming of Age in Samoa. In the study she investigated adolescence lovemaking, and demonstrated that the transition of Samoan young girls into adult women went apparently without emotional crises. The result was contrasted with that of American girls. Mead suggested, that Americans could learn things from the Samoans about rising children. In 1983 an Australian researcher, Derek Freeman, claimed in his book Margaret Mead and Samoa (1983), that she had ignored biological factors in favor of a theory of cultural determination of sex roles. Jane Howard in her biography of Margaret Mead (1984) tells that she characterized the men of the Arapesh people of New Guinea as gentle and unaggressive while her co-worker Reo F. Fortune recorded that many old men "claimed one or more war homicides to his credit."
On her other expeditions Mead made field studies in the Admiralty Islands, New Guinea, and Bali. From 1926 Mead held a position at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. She remained a member of the staff for the rest of her career, retiring as a curator emeritus of ethnology in 1969. Mead was a visiting lecturer at Vassar College (1939-41), a lecturer at Columbia University (1947-51), and from 1954 to 1978 she was an adjunct professor of anthropology at Columbia. From 1969 to 1971 Mead was a professor of anthropology and a chairman of the Division of Social Sciences at Fordham University. She also held a number of visiting professorships. At the age of 72, she was elected to the presidency of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
In 1936 Mead went with her third husband, the English anthropologist Gregory Bateson, to Bali to do field work. After about fifteen years, they divorced, but the period was probably the richest in her life. "American women are good mothers," she once said, "but they make poor wives; Americans are very poor at being attentive to anybody else." In their Bali years they took and annotated 25,000 photographs. Catherine Bateson, their daughter and only child, born in 1939, become the target of her parent's enthusiastic observations - her birth was filmed and her childhood was scrupulously recorded. BALINESE CHARACTER appeared in 1942 and GROWTH AND CULTURE, written with the collaboration of Frances Cooke Macgregor, in 1951.
During World War II Mead served as an executive secretary of the committee on food habits of the National Research Council. She wrote pamphlets for the Office of War Information. After the war Mead published Male and Female: A Study of the Sexes in a Changing World, which made use of her observations of people in the South Pacific and the East Indies. "We know of no culture that has said, articulately, that there is no difference between men and women except in the way they contribute to the creation of the next generation." (from Male and Female, 1948) Partly Mead wanted to prove that although there are certain differences between sexes - connected with impregnation, giving birth and nursing - they shouldn't be considered restrictions. In the last chapter Mead defended women's right to develop their talents. She also tentatively presented the supposition that men have a subtle superiority in natural sciences, mathematics, and instrumental music compared to women, who are more skillful in humanities in which they can use intuition. THEMES IN FRENCH CULTURE (1954) was an attempt to apply anthropological mythology to the study of Western society. It was written with Rhoda Budendey Métraux, a younger colleague with whom Mead shared a house in Greenwich Village for many years.

Membros

Resenhas

Three essays developed from the "Man and Nature" lectures at the American Museum of Natural History. According to Kirkus Reviews, "In the first two essays she classifies cultures in terms of models for behavior. In "postfigurative" societies the three generation family is typical, and grandparents set the tone of the life style. "Cofigurative" societies are those in which there is some recognition and approval of change, and models can be drawn from contemporaries. We are now moving toward a "prefigurative" society—the NOW generation if you will—and Mead feels that this may be our only hope."… (mais)
 
Marcado
PendleHillLibrary | Mar 8, 2024 |
[I have deleted my review because of repeated ad hominem attacks. I thought that readers might reasonably disagree - even strenuously - with the reviews of others but without attacking the reviewer. It had not occurred to me that anyone - anyone - would become so personally incensed by a review as to attack the reviewer, make false accusations against & insinuations of evil motives towards a reviewer.]
 
Marcado
RickGeissal | outras 17 resenhas | Aug 16, 2023 |
Mead's classic effort to prove life stages cultural rather than biological
 
Marcado
ritaer | outras 17 resenhas | Aug 10, 2021 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
89
Also by
18
Membros
4,780
Popularidade
#5,257
Avaliação
½ 3.7
Resenhas
42
ISBNs
225
Idiomas
13
Favorito
1

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