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Thomas S. Kuhn (1922–1996)

Autor(a) de A Estrutura das Revoluções Científicas

24+ Works 9,639 Membros 105 Reviews 21 Favorited

About the Author

Thomas S. Kuhn's work is best described as a normative historiography of science. He was educated at Harvard University, where in 1949 he completed a doctorate in physics. As a student, he was impressed by the differences between scientific method, as conventionally taught, and the way science mostrar mais actually works. Before moving to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1979, he taught at Harvard University, the University of California at Berkeley, and Princeton University. Kuhn's most celebrated contribution to the philosophy of science is his controversial idea of paradigms and paradigm shifts. A paradigm is understood as a widely shared theoretical framework within which scientific research is conducted. According to Kuhn, science normally develops more or less smoothly within such a paradigm until an accumulation of difficulties reduces its effectiveness. The paradigm finally breaks down in a crisis, which is followed by the formation of a radically new paradigm in a so-called scientific revolution. The new paradigm is accepted, even though it might neither resolve all of the accumulated difficulties nor explain the data better than the older paradigm that it replaces. We find examples of paradigm shifts in the work of Copernicus, Galileo, Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, and others. Since its original publication in 1962, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions undoubtedly has been the single most influential book in the philosophy of science. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Obras de Thomas S. Kuhn

La metafora nella scienza (1983) 2 cópias

Associated Works

Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues (1998) — Contribuinte — 303 cópias


Conhecimento Comum



I read this book for a college class many years ago. One which I took for fun, on the history of astronomy, to fill out the electives in my schedule. Do students even get to do that any more? Some reporting makes it seem like the College Experience has become very business-like.

In any case, it was a serendipitous thing all around; not only did I enjoy the class, this book left a strong imprint on me too. It's one of the few nonfiction books from my college years that I've kept on my dusty shelves. (Sorry, Calculus, you may be useful but you're just not much fun.)… (mais)
daplz | outras 91 resenhas | Apr 7, 2024 |
A seminal work that reoriented the assumptions and practices of academic history of science, as happens rather regularly.
sfj2 | outras 91 resenhas | Mar 17, 2024 |
A key text in the history of philosophy of science, it has impacted greatly our thinking and policy. In some ways, Kuhn offers a liberating view in which the benefits of transformative technological change are sudden, of high impact and diffuse. In other ways, there is a sense of inevitability of the process and a sense that the force of technological change was something beyond the actors involved.

I recommend reading this but not stopping here and after looking at a broader history of science text.… (mais)
yates9 | outras 91 resenhas | Feb 28, 2024 |
Muy interesante, un incentivo a repensar las cosas, no siempre las cosas son como se cree solo por que así a sido desde antes, a veces es necesario repensarlas y puede que descubramos o teoricemos algo “nuevo”, bueno, y si no, ya solo el hecho de pensar y analizarlo es entretenido e interesante…
keplerhc | outras 91 resenhas | Jan 22, 2024 |



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