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Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

Autor(a) de Critique of Pure Reason

592+ Works 27,619 Membros 162 Reviews 53 Favorited

About the Author

The greatest of all modern philosophers was born in the Baltic seaport of Konigsberg, East Prussia, the son of a saddler and never left the vicinity of his remote birthplace. Through his family pastor, Immanuel Kant received the opportunity to study at the newly founded Collegium Fredericianum, mostrar mais proceeding to the University of Konigsberg, where he was introduced to Wolffian philosophy and modern natural science by the philosopher Martin Knutzen. From 1746 to 1755, he served as tutor in various households near Konigsberg. Between 1755 and 1770, Kant published treatises on a number of scientific and philosophical subjects, including one in which he originated the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system. Some of Kant's writings in the early 1760s attracted the favorable notice of respected philosophers such as J. H. Lambert and Moses Mendelssohn, but a professorship eluded Kant until he was over 45. In 1781 Kant finally published his great work, the Critique of Pure Reason. The early reviews were hostile and uncomprehending, and Kant's attempt to make his theories more accessible in his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1783) was largely unsuccessful. Then, partly through the influence of former student J. G. Herder, whose writings on anthropology and history challenged his Enlightenment convictions, Kant turned his attention to issues in the philosophy of morality and history, writing several short essays on the philosophy of history and sketching his ethical theory in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). Kant's new philosophical approach began to receive attention in 1786 through a series of articles in a widely circulated Gottingen journal by the Jena philosopher K. L. Reinhold. The following year Kant published a new, extensively revised edition of the Critique, following it up with the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), treating the foundations of moral philosophy, and the Critique of Judgment (1790), an examination of aesthetics rounding out his system through a strikingly original treatment of two topics that were widely perceived as high on the philosophical agenda at the time - the philosophical meaning of the taste for beauty and the use of teleology in natural science. From the early 1790s onward, Kant was regarded by the coming generation of philosophers as having overthrown all previous systems and as having opened up a whole new philosophical vista. During the last decade of his philosophical activity, Kant devoted most of his attention to applications of moral philosophy. His two chief works in the 1790s were Religion Within the Bounds of Plain Reason (1793--94) and Metaphysics of Morals (1798), the first part of which contained Kant's theory of right, law, and the political state. At the age of 74, most philosophers who are still active are engaged in consolidating and defending views they have already worked out. Kant, however, had perceived an important gap in his system and had begun rethinking its foundations. These attempts went on for four more years until the ravages of old age finally destroyed Kant's capacity for further intellectual work. The result was a lengthy but disorganized manuscript that was first published in 1920 under the title Opus Postumum. It displays the impact of some of the more radical young thinkers Kant's philosophy itself had inspired. Kant's philosophy focuses attention on the active role of human reason in the process of knowing the world and on its autonomy in giving moral law. Kant saw the development of reason as a collective possession of the human species, a product of nature working through human history. For him the process of free communication between independent minds is the very life of reason, the vocation of which is to remake politics, religion, science, art, and morality as the completion of a destiny whose shape it is our collective task to frame for ourselves. (Bowker Author Biography) Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He studied at the University of Konigsberg, where he would act as a lecturer and professor after a brief career as a private tutor. Kant was an incredibly influential philosopher, his theories having impact on the likes of Schopenhauer and Hegel. Kant's most prominent works include Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) and Critique of Practical Reason (1788). He died in 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras de Immanuel Kant

Critique of Pure Reason (1781) — Autor — 6,512 cópias
Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) — Autor — 3,253 cópias
Critique of Judgment (1790) — Autor — 2,130 cópias
Critique of Practical Reason (1787) — Autor — 1,759 cópias
Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1950) — Autor — 1,372 cópias
Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone (1793) — Autor — 783 cópias
Perpetual Peace (1795) — Autor — 582 cópias
The Metaphysics of Morals (1797) — Autor — 469 cópias
Kant's Political Writings (1970) 433 cópias
The Great Books of the Western World, Vol. 42: Kant (1781) — Autor — 364 cópias
Basic Writings of Kant (2001) 332 cópias
Logic (1800) 276 cópias
Practical Philosophy (1996) 256 cópias
Lectures on Ethics (1930) 239 cópias
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1974) — Autor — 199 cópias
On Education (1960) 149 cópias
Introduction to Logic (1963) 95 cópias
The Conflict of the Faculties (1972) — Autor — 82 cópias
Kant Selections (1929) 77 cópias
Opus postumum (1984) 72 cópias
Opuscules sur l'histoire (1900) 71 cópias
Kant: Selections (1988) 60 cópias
Lectures on Metaphysics (1992) 55 cópias
The essential Kant (1970) 26 cópias
La dissertation de 1770 (1951) 25 cópias
Correspondence (1991) 25 cópias
De zin van het leven (1993) 19 cópias
The Science of Right (2006) 19 cópias
The living thoughts of Kant (1940) 12 cópias
Radical Evil in Human Nature (1995) 11 cópias
Pragmatische antropologie (2014) 9 cópias
Kant 8 cópias
The Works of Immanuel Kant (2010) 8 cópias
La fine di tutte le cose (1996) 8 cópias
An Immanuel Kant Reader (1960) 7 cópias
Foundations of Ethics (1995) 7 cópias
Briefe (1970) 6 cópias
Immanuel Kant 5 cópias
Pisma po roku 1781 (1969) 5 cópias
Von der Macht des Gemüts (1949) 5 cópias
Secilmis Yazilar (2015) 4 cópias
Pravo na laganje (2012) 4 cópias
Lettre à Marcus Herz (1968) 4 cópias
Textos seletos (2005) 4 cópias
Teoria do Céu (2004) — Autor — 3 cópias
Vorreden (1781 - 1797) (2001) 3 cópias
Réflexions métaphysiques (2011) 3 cópias
Théorie et pratique (1994) 3 cópias
Dizionario delle idee (1996) 3 cópias
Kant I 3 cópias
Kant-Brevier (1966) 3 cópias
Scritti politici (2010) 3 cópias
Scritti morali (1970) 3 cópias
Sobre el saber filosófico (1901) 2 cópias
Kant (2010) 2 cópias
"Metafísica" dohna (2007) 2 cópias
Δοκίμια 2 cópias
Pravno politički spisi (2000) 2 cópias
Filosofiens frihet (2021) 2 cópias
Géographie (1999) 2 cópias
Theoretische Philosophie (2004) 2 cópias
Lezioni di psicologia (1986) 2 cópias
Ragione e ipocondria (1989) 2 cópias
Scritti sul criticismo (1991) 2 cópias
Von der Würde des Menschen (1941) 2 cópias
4 Books By Immanuel Kant (2009) 2 cópias
Collected Works 1 exemplar(es)
Logica di Vienna (2000) 1 exemplar(es)
The Quotable Kant 1 exemplar(es)
Crítica Da Razão Prática (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
Apokalypsen (2022) 1 exemplar(es)
Die Drei Kritiken 1 exemplar(es)
Sämtliche Werke (Sechs Bände) (2000) 1 exemplar(es)
Il principio della moralità (1992) 1 exemplar(es)
Yasamin Anlami (2021) 1 exemplar(es)
Dissertazioni latine (2014) 1 exemplar(es)
Sette scritti politici liberi (2011) 1 exemplar(es)
Homenaje a Kant 1 exemplar(es)
Fondation - Introduction (1) (2018) 1 exemplar(es)
Kant 1 exemplar(es)
FILOZOFIA KRITIKE 1 exemplar(es)
Metafísica futura 1 exemplar(es)
Metafizika morala 1 exemplar(es)
純粹理性批判 2. 1 exemplar(es)
Inceputul si sfarsitul 1 exemplar(es)
Shuddh Buddhi Mimansa 1 exemplar(es)
Toward Perpetual Peace 1 exemplar(es)
Textos Sobre Historia 1 exemplar(es)
Yaşam Felsefesi 1 exemplar(es)
Kant-Aussprüche 1 exemplar(es)
Saggio sulle malattie della mente (1992) 1 exemplar(es)
Abrégé de Philosophie (2009) 1 exemplar(es)
Kants Werke: Akademie Textausgabe (1979) 1 exemplar(es)
Philosophie de l'histoire — Autor — 1 exemplar(es)
Immanuel Kant : Werke 1 exemplar(es)
The Metaphysic of Ethics (2009) 1 exemplar(es)
Fragmanlar 1 exemplar(es)
Logika : podręcznik do wykładów (2005) 1 exemplar(es)
O postępach metafizyki (2007) 1 exemplar(es)
SELECTIONS 1 exemplar(es)
The Immanuel Kant Collection (2016) 1 exemplar(es)
Studie k dějinám a politice (2013) 1 exemplar(es)
Werke 5: Die Religion ... /Metaphysik — Autor — 1 exemplar(es)
Dvije rasprave 1 exemplar(es)
Geografia fisica (2004) 1 exemplar(es)
Kant [Opere di] 1 exemplar(es)
Kant - 7 opere (Italian Edition) (2014) 1 exemplar(es)
Scritti sui terremoti (1984) 1 exemplar(es)
Kant - Aussprüche und Aphorismen (2014) 1 exemplar(es)
De Store tænkere: Kant (2000) 1 exemplar(es)
Kant (volume terzo) 1 exemplar(es)
Kant: Os pensadores 1 exemplar(es)
KANT 1 exemplar(es)
Metaphysics of Morals 1 exemplar(es)
Vorlesung zur Moralphilosophie (2004) 1 exemplar(es)
Inaugural Dissertation 1 exemplar(es)
Estética Transcendental 1 exemplar(es)
Brevier 1 exemplar(es)
Théorie et pratique, textes philosophiques (1997) — Autor — 1 exemplar(es)
I. Kant 1 exemplar(es)
Kant - Volume I 1 exemplar(es)
Kant - Volume II 1 exemplar(es)
Kant's pre-critical ethics. (1938) 1 exemplar(es)
Immanuel Kants Werke 1 exemplar(es)
Mysli o vechnom 1 exemplar(es)
Critiques 1 exemplar(es)
Os Pensadores: Kant 1 exemplar(es)
Os Pensadores: Kant II 1 exemplar(es)
Kant - Gesammelte Werke (2016) 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contribuinte — 434 cópias
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Contribuinte, algumas edições397 cópias
Criticism: Major Statements (1964) — Contribuinte — 220 cópias
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algumas edições184 cópias
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contribuinte — 172 cópias
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship (1991) — Contribuinte — 89 cópias
Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology (2004) — Contribuinte — 73 cópias
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Contribuinte — 52 cópias
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Contribuinte — 48 cópias
German Essays on Music (1994) — Contribuinte — 18 cópias
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Contribuinte — 17 cópias
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Contribuinte, algumas edições17 cópias
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Contribuinte — 8 cópias
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Contribuinte — 5 cópias

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome padrão
Kant, Immanuel
Outros nomes
KANT, Emanuel (birth)
KANT, Immanuel
Data de nascimento
1724-04-22
Data de falecimento
1804-02-12
Local de enterro
Kaliningrad Cemetery, Kaliningrad, Russia
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Prussia
Germany
Local de nascimento
Königsberg, Prussia
Local de falecimento
Königsberg, Prussia
Locais de residência
Königsberg, Prussia
Educação
Collegium Fredericianum
University of Königsberg
Ocupação
philosopher
tutor
lecturer
professor
scientist
ethicist (mostrar todas 7)
scholar
Organizações
University of Königsberg
Premiações
After the expulsion of Königsberg's German population at the end of World War II, the University of Königsberg was replaced by the Russian-language Kaliningrad State University, which took up the campus and surviving buildings of the historic German university. In 2005, the university was renamed Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
Pequena biografia
Emanuel Kant was

the fourth of the nine children of Johann Georg Kant (1682-1746), a saddler from Memel (now Klaipėda, Lithuania) and his wife, Anna Regina Reuter (1697-1737), who was from Nuremburg. Kant began to spell his name "Immanuel" after learning Hebrew. His paternal grandfather, Hans Cant, had emigrated to Prussia from Scotland. Kant enrolled at Königsberg University in 1840 at the age of 16. Between 1750 and 1754 he worked as a tutor (Hauslehrer) in Judtschen (now Veselovka, Russia)and in Groß-Arnsdorf (now near Elbląg, Poland). Kant went on to become Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1770, at the age of 46. He never married.

He was a towering figure of the Enlightenment, influenced nearly all modern philosophers. In his writings, including his masterpiece, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he argued that we can only truly know that which can be proven by evidence. He placed the active, rational human being at the center of the cognitive and moral worlds. He suggested that we have a moral obligation, which he called the "categorical Imperative," to behave in an intrinsically good way under all circumstances -- not necessarily in ways that would make us happy, but in ways that would make us worthy of being happy. In his 1795 work Perpetual Peace, he quoted the Latin phrase "Fiat justitia, pereat mundus" ("Let justice be done, though the world perish"). He also criticized those who focused too much on religious ritual and church hierarchy as attempts to please the Creator without having to practice the actual principles of religion and righteousness.

Membros

Discussions

Immanuel Kant's library em Legacy Libraries (Setembro 2020)
Immanuel Kant em Philosophy and Theory (Setembro 2017)
Kant's moral theory and a priori em Philosophy and Theory (Novembro 2009)

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Darlei_de_Paula | outras 2 resenhas | Jun 30, 2020 |

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Associated Authors

Allen W. Wood Editor, Introduction, Contributor
Mary J. Gregor Foreword, Editor, Translator
Michel Foucault Translator
Michael W. Doyle Contributor
Jeremy Waldron Contributor
Karl Popper Contributor
Jacques Derrida Contributor
Hannah Arendt Contributor
H. B. Nisbet Translator
Lewis White Beck Translator
Wilhelm Weischedel Herausgeber
Bernd Ludwig Afterword
Rokus Hofstede Translator
Dirk De Schutter Translator
Edwin van Elden Translator
Øystein Skar Translator
Thomas Mertens Translator
Henk Daalder Translator
Remi Peeters Translator
Israel Bouseman Contributor
Rihards Kūlis Translator
Werner S. Pluhar Translator, Editor
Paul Guyer Translator, Editor
Patricia Kitcher Introduction
Atis Rolavs Translator
Gary Banham Bibliography
H. J. Paton Translator
Aleksa Buha Translator, Afterword
Jean Gibelin Translator
J. H. Bernard Translator
Andrews Reath Introduction
Paul Carus Translator
Dennis Sweet Introduction
Julián Besteiro Translator
Hoyt H. Hudson Translator
Theodor Valentiner Herausgeber
Adela Cortina Orts Introduction
W. Hastie Translator
Igors Šuvajevs Translator
Gary C. Hatfield Translator
Michael Friedman Translator, Editor
Hoyt Hudson Translator
Manfred Kuehn Introduction
Annette Churton Translator
James Ellington Translator
Thomas K. Abbot Translator

Estatísticas

Obras
592
Also by
24
Membros
27,619
Popularidade
#739
Avaliação
3.8
Resenhas
162
ISBNs
1,920
Idiomas
32
Favorito
53

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