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Alexander Hamilton (1) (1755–1804)

Autor(a) de The Federalist Papers

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125+ Works 11,738 Membros 77 Reviews 10 Favorited

About the Author

Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1757 on the West Indian Island of Nevis. His mother died in 1769, around the same time his father went bankrupt. Hamilton joined a counting house in St. Croix where he excelled at accounting. From 1772 until 1774, he attended a grammar school in mostrar mais Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and went on to study at King's College. Hamilton entered the Revolutionary movement in 1774 at a public gathering in New York City with a speech urging the calling of a general meeting of the colonies. That same year, he anonymously wrote two pamphlets entitled, A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress from the Calumnies of Their Enemies and The Farmer Refuted. When the Revolutionary War began, Hamilton joined the army and became a Captain of artillery, where he served with distinction in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, Trenton and Princeton. He was introduced to George Washington by General Nathaniel Greene with a recommendation for advancement. Washington made Hamilton his aide-de-camp and personal secretary. He resigned in 1781 after a dispute with the General, but remained in the army and commanded a New York regiment of light infantry in the Battle of Yorktown. Hamilton left the army at the end of the war, and began studying law in Albany, New York. He served in the Continental Congress in 1782-83, before returning to practice law, becoming one of the most prominent lawyers in New York City. In 1786, Hamilton participated in the Annapolis Convention and drafted the resolution that led to assembling the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He then helped to secure the ratification of the Constitution of New York with the help of John Jay and James Madison, who together wrote the collection of 85 essays which would become known as The Federalist. Hamilton wrote at least 51 of the essays. In 1789, Washington appointed him the first Secretary of the Treasury, a position at which he excelled at and gained a vast influence in domestic and foreign issues, having convinced Washington to adopt a neutral policy when war broke out in Europe in 1793. In 1794, Hamilton wrote the instructions for a diplomatic mission which would lead to the signing of Jay's Treaty. He returned to his law practice in 1795. President John Adams appointed Hamilton Inspector General of the Army at the urging of Washington. He was very much involved with the politics of the country though, and focused his attentions on the presidential race of 1800. Hamilton did not like Aaron Burr and went out of his way to make sure that he did not attain a nomination. Similarly, when Burr ran for mayor of New York, Hamilton set about to ruin his chances for that position as well. Burr provoked an argument with Hamilton to force him to duel. Hamilton accepted and the two met on July 11, 1804 at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton was shot and mortally wounded and died on July 12, 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
Image credit: Via Wikimedia Commons

Obras de Alexander Hamilton

The Federalist Papers (1787) 9,960 cópias
Alexander Hamilton: Writings (2001) 431 cópias
The Essential Hamilton: Letters & Other Writings (2017) — Autor — 65 cópias
The U.S. Constitution (2005) 2 cópias
Paul Rever's Ride 1 exemplar(es)
Le Fédéraliste 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The Declaration of Independence / The Constitution of the United States (1776)algumas edições1,908 cópias
American Historical Documents (1910) — Contribuinte — 768 cópias
American Government: Readings and Cases (1977) — Contribuinte, algumas edições245 cópias
The Portable Conservative Reader (1982) — Contribuinte — 210 cópias
Love Letters (1996) — Contribuinte — 180 cópias
The Origins of the American Constitution (1986) — Contribuinte — 180 cópias
American Heritage: A Reader (2011) — Contribuinte — 83 cópias

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Nome de batismo
Hamilton, Alexander
Data de nascimento
1755-01-11
1757-01-11
Data de falecimento
1804-07-12
Local de enterro
Trinity Church Cemetery, New York, New York, USA
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
Saint Kitts and Nevis (birth)
USA
País (para mapa)
USA
Local de nascimento
Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Local de falecimento
New York, New York, USA
Causa da morte
killed in duel
Locais de residência
New York, New York, USA
Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Christiansted, Virgin Islands, USA
Elizabethtown, New Jersey, USA
Educação
King's College
Columbia College (MA|1788)
Ocupação
United States Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795)
soldier (officer)
lawyer
clerk
politican
writer
Relacionamentos
Burr, Aaron (killed in duel)
Hamilton, James A. (son)
Hamilton, John C. (son)
Hamilton, Elizabeth Schuyler (wife)
Organizações
U.S. Treasury
State Bar of New York (1782)
United States Congress
Bank of New York
Assemblyman, New York State Legislature
Premiações
American Philosophical Society (1791)
Pequena biografia
Alexander Hamilton was born on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. His parents, a married Frenchwoman and a Scottish trader, lived together for a while after Hamilton was born. When Hamilton was a small child, his father abandoned the family, leaving them in poverty. He got his first job at age 11 as a clerk in an accounting firm. His employer, thinking Hamilton a promising boy, sent him to the British colony of America for an education when he was 15. In 1773, he arrived alone in New York City and enrolled in King's College (later Columbia University). He wrote his first political article to defend the cause of American self-rule from the British. He dropped out of school before graduating at the start of the Revolutionary War. He joined the New York militia and fought in the battles of Long Island, White Plains and Trenton.

In 1777, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Continental Army. During his early service in the army, he caught the attention of General George Washington, who made Hamilton his chief aide and adviser. Around this time, he married Elizabeth Schuyler, from an affluent New York family.
After studying law and passing the bar exam, in 1783 he set up a law practice in New York City. Hamilton believed that the Articles of Confederation, the new USA's first, informal constitution, was inadequate, and that a strong central government was the key to achieving true independence and freedom. In 1787, he served as a New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention; although he did not have a large role in writing the Constitution, he heavily influenced its eventual ratification by writing 51 of 85 persuasive essays in its favor under the collective title The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers), along with James Madison and John Jay. After George Washington was elected president of the USA in 1789, he appointed Hamilton as the first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton stepped down in 1795, after helping establish a more centralized federal government and a stronger economy, but remained active in public and political affairs. It was in an argument over politics that Vice President Aaron Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and killed him.

Membros

Discussions

Alexander Hamilton em Legacy Libraries (Abril 2016)

Resenhas

I had read excerpts and individual papers hitherto - this time I went cover to cover. Some of the papers got a bit windy (Madison, mostly) but overall there's a reason this is considered one of our founding documents. It's that thorough, that well reasoned and well written to justify it's place in history. I think what surprised me most was their prescience - the founders understood that regional differences would lead to civil war if not restrained, and did their level best to prevent it. And while they weren't successful in preventing it, their Constitution provided the framework for recovering from it. This is vital history in the raw.… (mais)
 
Marcado
dhaxton | outras 66 resenhas | Mar 26, 2024 |
Just reread the arguments for adopting the new Constitution. I think every American citizen should read these essays -- along with the Anti-Federalist essays and the notes on the debates over the Constitution -- every now and again to remind ourselves of the genius of our system of government.
 
Marcado
bschweiger | outras 66 resenhas | Feb 4, 2024 |
 
Marcado
mike.stephenson | outras 66 resenhas | Jan 12, 2024 |
Quoting from the preface of this book: "It is supposed that a collection of the papers which have made their appearance in the gazettes of this city, under the Title of the FEDERALIST, may not be without effect in assisting the public judgment on the momentous question of the constitution of the United States, now under consideration by the people of America. . ."
 
Marcado
uufnn | outras 66 resenhas | Dec 12, 2023 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
125
Also by
17
Membros
11,738
Popularidade
#2,002
Avaliação
4.2
Resenhas
77
ISBNs
423
Idiomas
15
Favorito
10

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