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Richard Hallion

Autor(a) de Designers and Test Pilots

38+ Works 608 Membros 6 Reviews

About the Author

Richard Hallion has written many books about aviation history, including Storm over Iraq. He lives in Virginia Michael Gorn is chief historian of NASA Dryden Flight Research Center and author of many books about aeronautics and spaceflight. He lives in California
Image credit: Richard Hallion [credit: Australian War Memorial]

Séries

Obras de Richard Hallion

Designers and Test Pilots (1983) 142 cópias
Naval Air War in Korea (1986) 25 cópias
WRIGHT BROTHERS (1978) 14 cópias
Ten Years Since Tranquility (1979) 13 cópias

Associated Works

With Courage: The U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II (1994) — Prefácio — 28 cópias
MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History — Summer 2000 (2000) — Author "Arms and Men: Aircraft of the Korean War" — 5 cópias

Etiquetado

Conhecimento Comum

Membros

Resenhas

In The Naval Air War in Korea, Dr. Hallion has captured the fact, feeling, and fancy of a very important conflict in aviation history, including the highly significant facets of the transition from piston to jet-propelled combat aircraft. -- Norman Polmar, author of Naval Institute Guide to the Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet,
 
Marcado
MasseyLibrary | Oct 29, 2022 |
In the years following the success Wilbur and Orville Wright achieved at Kitty Hawk, aviation entered a dangerous age of trial and error. Up until this time, designers flew their own aircraft since there were no other experienced aviators available to fly the aircraft for them. But with some aircraft manufacturers producing aircraft for sale and flight schools turning out aviators anxious to put their skills to use, the first professional test pilots arrived on the aviation scene.

Rapid advancements in aircraft design led to a pursuit of both speed and reliability. Air races attracted designers such as Giuseppe Bellanca and Jack Northrop who, with the support of companies such as Boeing, Douglas, and Lockheed, transformed civil aviation and made America the world leader, squarely in the forefront of aircraft development.

But as the airplane was evolving into practical civil transportation, the world was on the brink of war and military aircraft took shape on the designers’ drawing boards. Speed, maneuverability, and the ability to climb quickly were the hallmarks of the fighters.

As designers sought ways to increase the speed of their aircraft, the breaking of the sound barrier became the prized goal. Flying the X-1, test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first man to fly faster than the speed of sound. For designers looking to extend the capabilities of their aircraft, wind tunnels became a tool for aerodynamic research.

Soon jet aircraft, benefiting from rocket-plane research, flew at twice the speed of sound. A series of X-planes, designed to fly at more than six times the speed of sound and at altitudes up to 200,000 feet, led to the X-15, a harbinger of the space age. Test pilot Scott Crossfield flew the X-15’s first successful glide flight as well as its first powered flight; his many X-15 flights helped pave the way for the space shuttle.

Filled with photographs and diagrams, “Designers and Test Pilots” tells the story of aircraft development and highlights the accomplishments of the brave test pilots that helped advance aircraft design. A special section looks at Howard Hughes’s Spruce Goose while several pages offer pictures of warplanes designed but never developed. Part of The Epic of Flight series, here are the aircraft architects and the daring test pilots who played an essential role in aircraft development and design.

Recommended for readers interested in aircraft designers and/or test flights and the pilots who flew these planes.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
jfe16 | Dec 9, 2020 |
Richard Hallion's book offers its readers an encyclopedic overview of the history of flight, from the earliest legends through the First World War. Though his focus is on heavier-than-air flight, he also includes extensive coverage of the development of lighter-than-air craft and how it influenced aeronautical development. Throughout this book, Hallion demonstrates both an impressive range of knowledge and a welcome capacity for explaining some of the more technical details of aerodynamics - one that is especially welcome when it comes to explaining why so many of the Wrights' predecessors failed in their attempts to master flight.

The portrait Hallion paints is a fascinating one. He conveys the extent to which the Wright brothers built upon the achievements of both their predecessors and their contemporaries. Developments were reaching a critical mass, which - as Hallion repeatedly asserts - would almost certainly have led to heavier-than-air flight by 1910 (with the first flight most likely taking place in France). Nevertheless, the author does not underrate the Wrights' considerable accomplishment and its contribution to our history. Even after Europeans were first taking to the air in heavier-than-air craft, the Wrights' Flyer was still considerably superior to its counterparts on the other side of the Atlantic - as Wilbur Wright himself demonstrated in his 1908 tour of Europe.

As Hallion shows, however, Wilbur's tour represented the pinnacle of the Wrights' achievement. He describes the year 1909 as the year when the invention of flight ended and its refinement begins. In this phase the Europeans had a considerable advantage, for as the Wrights were pioneering flight the Europeans were focusing more on the scientific study of aerodynamics, something which Hallion sees as integral to the shift in aeronautical advancement from the New World back to the Old. Wedded to an increasingly obsolescent (and inherently dangerous) design, the Wrights no longer represented the leading edge of airplane development, one that was moving forward at a dramatic rate. Before the First World War ended, airplanes were already demonstrating speed, endurance, and applications that most people take for granted today but which almost none of the early pioneers had imagined were possible.

Yet while Hallion's book is one of the best histories of its subject, at times it suffers from an excess of detail. Hallion's knowledge of virtually every nugget of information is reflected in the text, even if it adds little to the reader's understanding of aeronautics. Hallion's book also suffers from his tendency to overemphasize the historical impact of the airplane, especially in the First World War, implying, for example, that the course of events at the battles of Tannenberg and the Marne was altered because of the use of airplanes, yet he offers no evidence to substantiate this claim beyond stressing the role the planes played as scouts while understating the other sources of information available to the commanders. These flaws, however, don't detract from the book's overall value as a description of humanity's long journey to flight and how ultimately it was achieved.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
MacDad | 1 outra resenha | Mar 27, 2020 |
Written immediately after the end of the 1991 Gulf War, this remains the best single-volume history of how air power defined the shape of the war. Hallion's overarching thesis is that the U. S. Air Force, stung by its failure to achieve decisive victory in Vietnam, reinvented itself as a force dedicated to precision strikes that could paralyze an enemy's military machine in a matter of days rather than grinding it down over months or years. Hallion--with good reason--sees the Gulf War as a stunning vindication of the Air Force's new approach to war-fighting, and his narrative of the war is shaped by that idea.

Chief of the USAF historical branch, Hallion is understandably proud of what "his" service accomplished in 1991, and it shows. Unfortunately, it (and the lack of the "long" view) sometimes causes him to overstate the effectiveness of Air Force's new weapons and tactics and to slight the contributions of the ground forces. Even so, Storm Over Iraq ranks along with Rick Atkinson's Crusade and Tom Clancy's Every Man A Tiger as one of the essential books on air power in the Gulf.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
ABVR | Nov 28, 2005 |

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Estatísticas

Obras
38
Also by
4
Membros
608
Popularidade
#41,354
Avaliação
3.9
Resenhas
6
ISBNs
59
Idiomas
1

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