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John Hope Franklin (1915–2009)

Autor(a) de From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans

33+ Works 2,194 Membros 16 Reviews 10 Favorited

About the Author

The son of an attorney who practiced before the U.S. Supreme Court, John Hope Franklin was born in Rentiesville, Oklahoma on January 2, 1915. He received a B. A. from Fisk University in 1935 and a master's degree in 1936 and a Ph.D. in 1941 from Harvard University. During his career in education, mostrar mais he taught at a numerous institutions including Brooklyn College, Harvard University, the University of Chicago, and Duke University. He also had teaching stints in Australia, China, and Zimbabwe. He has written numerous scholarly works including The Militant South, 1800-1861 (1956); Reconstruction After the Civil War (1961); The Emancipation Proclamation (1963); and The Color Line: Legacy for the 21st Century (1993). His comprehensive history From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African-Americans (1947) is generally acknowledged to be the basic survey of African American history. He received numerous awards during his lifetime including the Medal of Freedom in 1995 and the John W. Kluge Prize for the Study of Humanities in 2006. He worked with Thurgood Marshall's team of lawyers in their effort to end segregation in the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education and participated in the 1965 march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He was president of the American Historical Association, the Organization of American Historians, the Southern Historical Association, and the American Studies Association. He was also a founding member of the Black Academy of Arts and served on the U.S. Commission for UNESCO and the Committee on International Exchange of Scholars. He died of congestive heart failure on March 25, 2009 at the age of 94. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos
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Obras de John Hope Franklin

Black Leaders of the Twentieth Century (1982) — Editor — 90 cópias

Associated Works

Three Negro Classics (1901) — Introdução — 442 cópias
Army Life in a Black Regiment (1870) — Introdução, algumas edições351 cópias
American Negro Slavery: A Modern Reader (1968) — Contribuinte — 131 cópias
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (1995) — Contribuinte — 91 cópias
The Supreme Court under Marshall and Taney (1968) — Prefácio — 50 cópias
I Hear a Symphony: African Americans Celebrate Love (1994) — Contribuinte — 33 cópias
Paul Robeson: Artist and Citizen (1998) — Contribuinte — 31 cópias
The Harvard Guide to African-American History (2001) — Contribuinte — 30 cópias
The Diary of James T. Ayers: Civil War Recruiter (1947) — Editor, algumas edições19 cópias
A Portrait of Southern Writers: Photographs (2000) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
The voices of Negro protest in America (1963) — Prefácio — 10 cópias

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Conhecimento Comum

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Resenhas

 
Marcado
lschiff | Sep 24, 2023 |
 
Marcado
pollycallahan | Jul 1, 2023 |
[Review written by my younger self]
Franklin's The Color Line is the chronicle of US racial struggles from the 17th century onwards. The color line, that subtle racial strain that separates society in schools, housing, government, and employment, is covered in great detail. Focusing on the oppression of the African American race in the US, Franklin covers President Carter's attempts at recruiting more women and black people into his administration and goes on to criticize President Reagan's attempts at removing any office appointment that contradicted his values. The various incidents of racial tension and outright persecution become the framework for Franklin's stand against the color line.

As first suggested by the distinguished writer, sociologist, and co-founder of the NAACP, William Edward Bughardt Do Bois, the racism that divides American will keep on growing and alienating persons. In carrying on this premonition, Franklin admonishes, just as Du Bois, that the world in general cannot function properly if color continues to be a fact in all aspects of life and in considerations of rank and leadership.

Franklin denounces those who claim the United States is color-blind and accuses them of being noncommittal, not interested in changing their country for the better. He refers to the Plessy vs. Ferguson case, stating that the Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan and Plessy's attorney Albion Tourgee figured prominently in the dissent of civil rights, adamantly believing the law and Constitution, like justice herself, is color-blind. Not acknowledging racial tension, Franklin believes, allows others to abuse racial discrimination.

The various claims Franklin makes are supported with a plethora of evidence and instances. This should be expected with the gravity of the accusations he makes. State governments, he writes, would not be color-blind while the national government executes non-racist laws purely on the reluctant need and superficial responsibility of pleasing the people.

He reveals the government's extensive role in the color line going as far back as Virginia's explicit definitions of a "Negro" in 1879 (with the main requirement of having one-fourth or more of "Negro" blood). Franklin infers that such precise, authorized forms of discrimination can occur again if the color line is not recognized and eliminated.

At first glance, Franklin's work appears far from an objective historical reference. While his accounts of the pivotal events of the civil rights movement are seemingly accurate, Franklin's acrid attitude and condescending tone may make the reader dubious. Across the pages, his script has a tone of anger and frustration at the silence of the African American race and the people who invoke this silence. He takes on a certain sarcasm in speaking of the unappreciated achievements of the African American.

It is possible, though, that the biased demeanor of his prose is purposeful, meant to inspire people to further investigate the implications of the color line. Franklin spews forth his information without mercy or sensitivity. In his aggression for the color line, Franklin is not suggesting the elimination of aspects of culture and the total disregard of color. Franklin advises his readers to sway the government away from the color line, and to look to themselves as individuals not to keep lengthening the color line's divisions. The solution, he says, is in looking at America's past without dismissing it or flinching at it, without closing eyes or minds to the brutal events of racial inhumanity. In doing so, Franklin endeavors all Americans to look at each other, not in terms of color, but as human beings.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
irrelephant | 1 outra resenha | Feb 21, 2021 |
Required reading for Ethnic History class
 
Marcado
KikiUnhinged | outras 4 resenhas | Feb 9, 2014 |

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Obras
33
Also by
18
Membros
2,194
Popularidade
#11,694
Avaliação
4.0
Resenhas
16
ISBNs
93
Idiomas
4
Favorito
10

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