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Wendell Berry

Autor(a) de Jayber Crow

155+ Works 20,890 Membros 296 Reviews 121 Favorited

About the Author

Wendell Berry The prolific poet, novelist, and essayist Wendell Berry is a fifth-generation native of north central Kentucky. Berry taught at Stanford University; traveled to Italy and France on a Guggenheim Fellowship; and taught at New York University and the University of Kentucky, Lexington, mostrar mais before moving to Henry County. Berry owns and operates Lanes Landing Farm, a small, hilly piece of property on the Kentucky River. He embraced full-time farming as a career, using horses and organic methods to tend the land. Harmony with nature in general, and the farming tradition in particular, is a central theme of Berry's diverse work. As a poet, Berry gained popularity within the literary community. Collected Poems, 1957-1982, was particularly well-received. Novels and short stories set in Port William, a fictional town paralleling his real-life home town of Port Royal further established his literary reputation. The Memory of Old Jack, Berry's third novel, received Chicago's Friends of American Writers Award for 1975. Berry reached his broadest audience and attained his greatest popular acclaim through his essays. The Unsettling of America: Culture and Agriculture is a springboard for contemporary environmental concerns. In his life as well as his art, Berry has advocated a responsible, contextual relationship with individuals in a local, agrarian economy. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras de Wendell Berry

Jayber Crow (2000) 1,833 cópias, 44 resenhas
The Unsettling of America: Culture and Agriculture (1977) 1,300 cópias, 10 resenhas
Hannah Coulter (2004) 1,203 cópias, 34 resenhas
What Are People For? (1990) 994 cópias, 6 resenhas
Sex, Economy, Freedom & Community: Eight Essays (1993) 720 cópias, 7 resenhas
The Memory of Old Jack (1974) 632 cópias, 11 resenhas
A Place on Earth: A Novel (1982) 522 cópias, 6 resenhas
Fidelity: Five Stories (1992) 498 cópias, 10 resenhas
The Collected Poems of Wendell Berry, 1957-1982 (1985) 487 cópias, 2 resenhas
A Timbered Choir (1998) 478 cópias, 2 resenhas
Bringing It to the Table: On Farming and Food (2009) 421 cópias, 5 resenhas
Home Economics (1987) 408 cópias, 2 resenhas
Nathan Coulter (1960) 405 cópias, 12 resenhas
The Way of Ignorance: And Other Essays (2005) 379 cópias, 4 resenhas
The Selected Poems of Wendell Berry (1998) 373 cópias, 3 resenhas
A World Lost (1996) 310 cópias, 7 resenhas
Remembering (1990) 308 cópias, 9 resenhas
Standing by Words: Essays (1983) 305 cópias, 3 resenhas
The Hidden Wound (1970) 299 cópias, 3 resenhas
Andy Catlett: Early Travels (2006) 297 cópias, 9 resenhas
Citizenship Papers: Essays (2003) 281 cópias, 2 resenhas
New Collected Poems (2012) 256 cópias, 4 resenhas
This Day: Collected & New Sabbath Poems (2013) 238 cópias, 2 resenhas
Given: Poems (2005) 235 cópias, 3 resenhas
Another Turn of the Crank (1995) 209 cópias
Our Only World: Ten Essays (2015) 200 cópias, 3 resenhas
Farming: A Hand Book (1971) 174 cópias, 2 resenhas
Leavings: Poems (2009) 171 cópias, 6 resenhas
Watch with Me (1994) 165 cópias, 1 resenha
Why I am Not Going to Buy a Computer (2018) 156 cópias, 4 resenhas
The Country of Marriage (1973) 145 cópias, 1 resenha
The Peace of Wild Things: And Other Poems (1964) 137 cópias, 1 resenha
Recollected Essays (1981) 119 cópias, 3 resenhas
Sabbaths (1987) 118 cópias, 3 resenhas
The Long-Legged House (1971) 116 cópias, 1 resenha
Entries (1997) 106 cópias, 1 resenha
Imagination in Place (2010) 105 cópias, 1 resenha
The Mad Farmer Poems (2008) 97 cópias
Window Poems (2007) 71 cópias, 1 resenha
Terrapin: Poems by Wendell Berry (2014) 65 cópias, 1 resenha
Clearing (1977) 58 cópias, 1 resenha
The Farm (1995) 55 cópias
Traveling at Home (1988) 50 cópias
The Wheel (1982) 49 cópias, 1 resenha
A Part (Part Paper) (1980) 47 cópias, 2 resenhas
Stand By Me (2019) 30 cópias, 1 resenha
Roots to the Earth: Poems and a Story (2016) 29 cópias, 1 resenha
Sayings & doings (1975) 17 cópias
Gift of Gravity (1979) 12 cópias
The broken ground; poems (1964) 11 cópias
The Salad (1980) 10 cópias
The Discovery of Kentucky (1991) 10 cópias
Standing on Earth (1993) 9 cópias
A Consent (1993) 8 cópias, 1 resenha
Sabbaths 1987 (1787) 6 cópias
Sabbaths 2002 6 cópias
Findings (1969) 5 cópias
The Loss of the University (2013) 5 cópias
Sabbaths 2006 (2008) 5 cópias, 1 resenha
Remembering (Doing Good) (2008) 5 cópias
Natural Gifts (2008) 4 cópias
Sabbaths, 1987-90 (1992) 4 cópias
The Cumberlands (2006) 4 cópias
To What Listens (1975) 4 cópias
Sabbaths 2013 4 cópias
Daily Bread (2008) 3 cópias
The Work of Local Culture (1988) 3 cópias
The landscape of harmony (1987) 3 cópias
Sabbaths 2016 3 cópias
One of Us 2 cópias
An Eastward look 2 cópias
Three memorial poems (1977) 2 cópias
THERE IS SINGING AROUND ME (1976) 2 cópias
Hannah & Nathan (2006) 2 cópias
Horses: [a poem] 2 cópias
How It Went 1 exemplar(es)
A Rainbow 1 exemplar(es)
Perché l'amore tocchi terra (2022) 1 exemplar(es)
Window Poems 1 exemplar(es)
Amish economy (1996) 1 exemplar(es)
Preserving wildness: An essay (1986) 1 exemplar(es)
Poems The County of Marriage (1975) 1 exemplar(es)
collection of poetry 1 exemplar(es)
Place On Earth - Revision (1995) 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

The Art of the Personal Essay (1994) — Contribuinte — 1,385 cópias, 9 resenhas
My Bookstore: Writers Celebrate Their Favorite Places to Browse, Read, and Shop (2012) — Contribuinte — 566 cópias, 15 resenhas
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Contribuinte — 417 cópias
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Contribuinte — 393 cópias, 3 resenhas
The Portable Sixties Reader (2002) — Contribuinte — 330 cópias, 2 resenhas
The Best American Short Stories 1993 (1993) — Contribuinte — 279 cópias, 3 resenhas
The Best American Essays 2009 (2009) — Contribuinte — 232 cópias, 2 resenhas
The Best American Essays 2000 (2000) — Contribuinte — 214 cópias, 1 resenha
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (2003) — Contribuinte — 202 cópias, 1 resenha
The Best American Short Stories 2019 (2019) — Contribuinte — 186 cópias, 5 resenhas
The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2009 (2009) — Contribuinte, algumas edições180 cópias, 3 resenhas
Lost Mountain (2006) — Introdução — 179 cópias, 6 resenhas
The Best American Poetry 2003 (2003) — Contribuinte — 174 cópias, 1 resenha
Spiritual Ecology: The Cry of the Earth (2013) — Contribuinte — 137 cópias
Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (2007) — Contribuinte — 102 cópias, 3 resenhas
The Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology (1997) — Contribuinte — 99 cópias
The Poet's Work: 29 Poets on the Origins and Practice of Their Art (1979) — Contribuinte — 89 cópias, 1 resenha
The Best American Spiritual Writing 2008 (2008) — Contribuinte — 85 cópias, 4 resenhas
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (2002) — Contribuinte — 83 cópias
The Hungry Ear: Poems of Food and Drink (2012) — Contribuinte — 63 cópias, 1 resenha
Letters to a Young Farmer: On Food, Farming, and Our Future (2017) — Contribuinte — 59 cópias
Autumn: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (2004) — Contribuinte — 58 cópias, 2 resenhas
New Stories from the South 2006: The Year's Best (2000) — Contribuinte — 56 cópias, 2 resenhas
The Ecopoetry Anthology (2013) — Contribuinte — 49 cópias, 1 resenha
The Meat You Eat: How Corporate Farming Has Endangered America's Food Supply (2004) — Prefácio, algumas edições47 cópias, 1 resenha
New Stories from the South 2010: The Year's Best (2010) — Contribuinte — 39 cópias
New Stories from the South 2009: The Year's Best (2009) — Contribuinte — 39 cópias
Birds in the Hand: Fiction and Poetry about Birds (2004) — Contribuinte — 33 cópias, 1 resenha
The Prince's Speech: On the Future of Food (2012) — Prefácio — 29 cópias, 2 resenhas
New Stories from the South: The Year's Best, 1993 (1993) — Contribuinte — 26 cópias
Missing Mountains: We went to the mountaintop but it wasn't there (2005) — Afterword & Contributor — 26 cópias
On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics (2012) — Contribuinte, algumas edições20 cópias, 1 resenha
Between Two Rivers: Stories from the Red Hills to the Gulf (2004) — Contribuinte — 19 cópias, 1 resenha
A Portrait of Southern Writers: Photographs (2000) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
Penguin Green Ideas Collection (2021) — Contribuinte — 12 cópias
Every man an artist : readings in the traditional philosophy of art (2005) — Contribuinte, algumas edições10 cópias
Ghost Fishing: An Eco-Justice Poetry Anthology (2018) — Contribuinte — 9 cópias
Handspan of Red Earth: An Anthology of American Farm Poems (1991) — Contribuinte — 7 cópias
Ralph Eugene Meatyard (1970) — Contribuinte — 7 cópias
An Economics of Peace — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
Place in American Fiction: Excursions and Explorations (2005) — Contribuinte — 3 cópias
Sunstone - Vol. 11:4, Issue 60, July 1987 (1987) — Contribuinte — 1 exemplar(es)
Whole Earth Review #66 (Spr. 1990) (1990) — Contribuinte — 1 exemplar(es)
New world Writing 21 — Contribuinte — 1 exemplar(es)
Kayak 8 — Contribuinte — 1 exemplar(es), 1 resenha

Etiquetado

20th century (99) agrarian (113) agrarianism (215) agriculture (372) American (132) American literature (182) anthology (425) Berry (92) Berryana (73) community (142) culture (131) ecology (154) economics (82) environment (228) essay (151) essays (1,605) farming (265) fiction (1,091) food (95) history (77) Kentucky (366) Kindle (64) Library of America (79) literature (366) nature (294) non-fiction (756) novel (163) own (86) philosophy (207) poetry (1,395) politics (111) Port William (139) read (106) rural life (91) science (94) short stories (283) to-read (1,085) unread (65) Wendell Berry (375) writing (111)

Conhecimento Comum

Membros

Resenhas

Just outstanding set of stores following the same families moving forward in time from the end of the 1800's up to about 1980. Stunning dignity and values those people and their community together had. Wonderfully read by Michael Kramer with what you would assume would be a true Kentucky accent of the time.
 
Marcado
Matt_B | outras 7 resenhas | Jun 7, 2024 |
Overview:
The book contains a range of topics which include epistemology, economics, national security, and agriculture. The topics are intimately tied, especially because each has a political theme. To understand information, needs an understanding of a lot of related information and how they interconnect. With that information can an understanding be built as to the potential consequences of behavior, alternative ways to behave, and solutions to problems.

Citizens within democratic societies need to figure out how to manage the various topics together, rather than just have decision told to them by leadership. Citizens need to discuss the issues, and understand the consequences of taking certain actions, because they impact other citizens and nations. Economic production can threaten communities and the environment, but citizens can change policies and behavior. Conflicts do arise, but if they are resolved with violence, then violence becomes justified. To end cycles of violence requires peace oriented behavior.

National Security, Violence, and Democracy:
Leaders speak from a perspective of representing citizens, but the decisions made are by the individual. They do not necessarily reflect what citizens actually think. Leaders during war assume an acceptable price, but that price becomes what was paid. There never was an accepted level of sacrifice. While others make sacrifices, those who live proclaim them acceptable.

When a nation is attacked, the reasons for defensive action would be publicly known. Alternatively, reasons for aggressive or preemptive action would not be publicly known, but known to the few close to the center of power. Preemptive war can be started by the leader. Justifying the war with secret information, without the need to share the contents of the secret information. The war is planned in secret. Without the need of forewarning to execute the plan.

Preemptive attacks do need secrecy, for a discussed preemptive attack would risk being preempted by opposition. Preemptive war is undemocratic, for the leader cannot obtain the consent of the governed. This strategy requires the public to be manipulated by executive power. As information will not be shared, that means that the public needs to be ignorant. Public needs to be fearful of potential consequences of not following the directives of executive power. Even legislature would need to be intimidated. Depending on how much secrecy there is in the government, determines how democratic and free its people are. Secrecy is inherently undemocratic.

Violence without authorization from a national government is considered terrorism. The same acts of violence with the authorization from a national government is considered war. The same acts that are condemned as atrocious under terrorism, are not condemned under war. Using different standards for the same violent acts for terrorism and war, means accepting and affirming the legitimacy of war. Sanctioned violence defined as ‘just’ by the state, enables the same acts to be justified in the same way by individuals. Committing violent actions against opposition, justifies the opposition’s use of the same acts against one’s own people. By trying to destroy the opposition, nations create conditions to destroy themselves.

A war on terrorism requires constantly needing new enemies. Making the war endless, expensive, and supportive of bureaucracy. A nation that is at war with terrorism is making a case of good versus evil. That the government wants to remove evil from the world. Which has the assumption that the government and the nation are the representatives for the good. But nations are far more complicated than being just good. Making the assumption that what the government does is good precludes public dialogue. Assuming the side of the good prevents self-criticism or self-correction.

It is very understandable to want to reaction against an attack. But the reaction usually comes from fear and lack of proper direction. There are many domestic issues that cannot be rectified by attacking foreign peoples. Reactions to attacks cannot protect against destruction of the environment, selfishness, wastefulness, and greed nor obtain self-sufficiency or the consequences of dependence. Foreign and domestic terror are related, but while the public is usually kept aware about foreign terror, domestic terror is ignored.

National security would require becoming more self-sufficient, to prevent dependence on other nations who might not be at peace later. This policy would require appropriate taking care of the environment, adjusting resources use, managing imports, improving community relations and foreign relations. Without an environment that supports life, there would be no point in military strength. Difficult to defend freedoms, when necessities are imported from foreign nations with no such concern for one’s own nation. Should a war break about in which the imports are no longer provided, would have negative consequences on the national supply.

The rule of law is upheld by a nation that declares itself above the law. Foreign power catastrophic weapons are deemed illegitimate, but not one’s own national catastrophic weapons. It is contradictory to speak of wanting cooperation and many other celebrated virtues, while also making claims about sole intention for making war. Cannot reduce terror, by holding terror as a fear against the world. A rouge state is defined in the pursuit of national interests with military capabilities that can threaten neighbors. That is any nation, expect one’s own.

The end of WW2 brought about ideals of a united world for peacemaking. But has become globalized under trade that seeks to plunder the world of cheap resources. Difficult to know how nations protect themselves under this regime. Difficult to know how the economy would survive wars of nations.

War is a profitable business, while peace is not. War has been extravagantly subsidized. Violence does not lead to peace. Peaceable means are needed for peace, but are not yet the methods used to obtain peace. Method is still the paradox of trying to make peace by making war. Opposition to violence has become selective or fashionable, which is a brutal hypocrisy of violence against other humans and nature.

Historically, violence leads to reciprocity of violence. Violence committed with moral superiority of justice, affirmation of rights, or defense of peace do not end violence. They justify the continuation of violence. Preparation for more violence.

Economics, the Environment, and Agriculture:
To obtaining the products to satiate economic desires, nations have been willing to sacrifice their environments and communities as normal costs of operations. Work and economic production needs to not destroy the environmental resources, but be sustainable without degrading the users. There needs to be a balance between environmental preservation, and economic opportunities.

The modus operandi is to delegate economic and political activities to others. That change can only occur in the realm of politics, which has already gotten the economic proxies. An assumption that passive consumers can change which will cause public experts, politicians, and corporate executives to change.

Delegation of production to industrial society has led to people not knowing the histories of their products. People no longer know how to produce food, take care of the environment, or even their communities. Difficult to understand the environmental costs of products, and even the origins of the products. The information is too scattered, and the economic processes too complicated. Those within the industries that supply the products, can have reasons for not wanting to share the information about the product histories.

Globalization has become dominated by supranational corporations, which use economic exploitation similar to colonialism. Supranational corporations manage the rules of the global economy through the World Trade Organization. Operating without election and can overrule regional laws that conflict with the free market.

Agriculture is lucrative for everybody, except those who produce the food. Powerful corporations and food conglomerates became wealthy through the work of struggling and failing farmers. While the agriculture business claim this as progress. Neither industry nor politics expects decent prices for food products that can help farmers. Farmers need to be part of the solution within the agriculture economy.

The Knowledge of Facts:
Knowledge is impossible to know in any complete form, or all the consequences of actions taken. Mystery is the norm. Existence is more complicated and intertwined than simple. Individuals and societies are complicated, and are most certainly not idealized perfections. Willingness to judge negatively ancestors who were partly sinners, means being judged under the same terms by successors.

Things that become popular, are in danger of being oversimplified. Such an as oversimplification of the destructiveness of human relationship with nature. Movements also oversimplify, and have a tendency to become self-righteous and self-betray. Denying people rights and privileges, that those within the movement demands for themselves. The problems caused are by other people, and propose policies to change the problems, but not behavior. Claiming to be a particular type of movement or for a purpose, but in practice not keeping to how they define themselves such as peace movements using violence. Making impossible to mean what is said because language becomes anything that anybody wants it to mean.

Knowledge is useful no matter its age, or whether it is empirical or not. Factual information is not sufficient for what is considered true. A fact is a sum of information about the thing. Abstract representations would not be recognized in practice for what they are. Recognition requires incorporating various information. Facts do not live in isolation of other facts. Facts are only true with all their associated facts. Departmentalization of knowledge limits understanding and creates many false ideas. Only the thing, idea, person, or place can represent itself. Everything else is an incomplete model. Only tautologically can reality be represented in its true form.

Social orders are socially constructions fiction. Not because they are false, but because they are incomplete. Even by trying to make them as inclusive as possible, still makes them exclusive. Usually find what has been excluded too late.

There are different ways of handling information such as being rational or sympathetic. Under a rational mindset, any trade-off can be rationalized. While under the sympathetic mindset, nothing can be rationalized. Fear of being wrong or misled motives the rational mindset, while the sympathetic mindset is motivated by failures of carelessness and exclusivity. Many trade-offs fail as they lead to disaster.

Caveats?
The essays have varied quality. Topics are interrelated, but the essays are not necessarily related to each other. Synthesizing a coherent understanding from all the topics is the responsibility of the reader.
Recognizing social contradiction is a familiar theme in the book, but sometimes the explanations are lacking and are one-sided. Sometimes making moral arguments, without explaining why the alternatives are causing the harm. Simplifying the alternative ways and solutions opens the arguments to their own contradictions and counterclaims. Understanding the why of the alternatives can facilitate in finding solutions.

An example of a one-sided argument is the negative consequences of delegating economic production to others. By delegating and not needing to think about that production, the individual can apply themselves elsewhere. If everyone needs to understand every bit of economic production, there would not be much delegating and each person would not have much more on their minds than that information. Ideas, economics, and society can become stagnant.

Another example of a one-sided argument is the need for self-sufficiency. Security and other benefits of self-sufficiency are provided, but not their costs. Self-sufficiency means less trade, but that makes war more likely. Trade increases the cost of going to war, for the nations rely on each other. As the author supports peaceable ways of cooperation, trade is what makes peace become profitable. Self-sufficiency means not having much peaceable negotiations with neighbors. Limits the products and ideas within a nation for the nation would have to produce and figure out everything on their own rather than dividing the labor of that effort. Also, the author supports a sustainable environment, but agriculture production for different foods can be done more sustainably in other countries because their soil and environment can be more adequate for that kind of food. Self-sufficiency is just a different way of degrading the environment.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
Eugene_Kernes | 1 outra resenha | Jun 4, 2024 |
“I began to trust the world again, not to give me what I wanted, for I saw that it could not be trusted to do that, but to give unforeseen goods and pleasures that I had not thought to want.”

Oh, how I loved this book. Wendell Berry is truly a national treasure. While I've previously read many of his poems and essays, [b:Hannah Coulter|146198|Hannah Coulter|Wendell Berry|https://images.gr-assets.com/books/1442893723s/146198.jpg|1033718] represents my first experience with Berry's fiction.

"Coulter" is one of the last installments of Berry's novels which are set in the fictional town of Port William, KY. This book stands alone, as I imagine the others do. In this narrative, Hannah Coulter, now in her late 70s, looks back on her life, her family, her friends, and the town in which she spent her entire life. This is a "quiet" and reflective book, powerful in its imagery, sense of place, prose, and meaning. Fans of [a:Elizabeth Strout|97313|Elizabeth Strout|https://images.gr-assets.com/authors/1361387789p2/97313.jpg] and Anna Quindlen's [b:Miller's Valley|26131641|Miller's Valley|Anna Quindlen|https://images.gr-assets.com/books/1447962407s/26131641.jpg|46081985] will feel right at home in the pages of Berry's book.

Hannah Coulter is a woman who hasn't had an easy life. She is never defiant, but she certainly has not been defeated by life either. With dignity, she stands as a symbol of the changing American economy -- and culture -- from the 1930s through the 1970s.

While Berry writes of simpler times in Port William, he doesn't stray into cloying sentimentality. It took me a long time to make my first visit to Port William, and I'll be making a return visit soon.


… (mais)
 
Marcado
jj24 | outras 33 resenhas | May 27, 2024 |
In this 2nd volume, LOA attempts to present Mr. Berry's views of preserving the environment not through science but with practical application with sensible methods such as in agriculture & rural farming. It is in the sense in contrast to those who have no training in environmental or even know what it means in practical terms. Perhaps Mr. Berry's work should be heeded more & less reliance on politicians & pundits who have only their mouth.
 
Marcado
walterhistory | Apr 24, 2024 |

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Obras
155
Also by
56
Membros
20,890
Popularidade
#1,035
Avaliação
4.2
Resenhas
296
ISBNs
329
Idiomas
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