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Lloyd Alexander (1924–2007)

Autor(a) de The Book of Three

84+ Works 49,341 Membros 709 Reviews 150 Favorited

About the Author

Lloyd Alexander, January 30, 1924 - May 17, 2007 Born Lloyd Chudley Alexander on January 30, 1924, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Allan Audley and Edna Chudley Alexander, Lloyd knew from a young age that he wanted to write. He was reading by the time he was 3, and though he did poorly in school, mostrar mais at the age of fifteen, he announced that he wanted to become a writer. At the age of 19 in 1942, Alexander dropped out of the West Chester State Teachers College in Pennsylvania after only one term. In 1943, he attended Lafayette College in Easton, PA, before dropping out again and joining the United States Army during World War II. Alexander served in the Intelligence Department, stationed in Wales, and then went on to Counter-Intelligence in Paris, where he was promoted to Staff Sergeant. When the war ended in '45, Alexander applied to the Sorbonne, but returned to the States in '46, now married. Alexander worked as an unpublished writer for seven years, accepting positions such as cartoonist, advertising copywriter, layout artist, and associate editor for a small magazine. Directly after the war, he had translated works for such artists as Jean Paul Sartre. In 1955, "And Let the Credit Go" was published, Alexander's first book which led to 10 years of writing for an adult audience. He wrote his first children's book in 1963, entitled "Time Cat," which led to a long career of writing for children and young adults. Alexander is best known for his "Prydain Chronicles" which consist of "The Book of Three" in 1964, "The Black Cauldron" in 1965 which was a Newbery Honor Book, as well as an animated motion picture by Disney which appeared in 1985, "The Castle of Llyr" in 1966, "Taran Wanderer" in 1967, a School Library Journal's Best Book of the Year and "The High King" which won the Newberry Award. Many of his other books have also received awards, such as "The Fortune Tellers," which was a Boston Globe Horn Book Award winner. In 1986, Alexander won the Regina Medal for Lifetime Achievement from the Catholic Library Association. His titles have been translated into many languages including, Dutch, Spanish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Serbo-Croation and Swedish. He died on May 17, 2007. (Bowker Author Biography) mostrar menos

Séries

Obras de Lloyd Alexander

The Book of Three (1964) 7,889 cópias
The High King (1968) 6,033 cópias
The Castle of Llyr (1966) 5,248 cópias
Taran Wanderer (1967) 5,001 cópias
The Foundling and Other Tales of Prydain (1973) — Prefácio — 1,449 cópias
Westmark (1981) 1,267 cópias
The Iron Ring (1997) 917 cópias
The Kestrel (1982) 894 cópias
The Beggar Queen (1984) 853 cópias
The Arkadians (1995) 776 cópias
The Prydain Chronicles (1991) 691 cópias
The Illyrian Adventure (1986) 688 cópias
The Wizard in the Tree (1974) 578 cópias
The Chronicles of Prydain (1964) — Autor — 575 cópias
The Fortune-Tellers (1992) 559 cópias
The Cat Who Wished to be a Man (1973) 475 cópias
The El Dorado Adventure (1987) 390 cópias
The Jedera Adventure (1989) 386 cópias
Gypsy Rizka (1999) 365 cópias
The Rope Trick (2002) 342 cópias
The Gawgon and the Boy (2001) 335 cópias
The Drackenberg Adventure (1988) 327 cópias
The Town Cats and Other Tales (1977) 324 cópias
The Philadelphia Adventure (1990) 271 cópias
The Xanadu Adventure (2005) 173 cópias
The King's Fountain (1971) 113 cópias
A Lloyd Alexander Collection (2001) 110 cópias
How the Cat Swallowed Thunder (2000) — Autor — 108 cópias
The four donkeys (1972) 88 cópias
The House Gobbaleen (1687) 77 cópias
The Truthful Harp (1967) 73 cópias
Coll and His White Pig (1965) 58 cópias
My Five Tigers (1956) 40 cópias
Border hawk: August Bondi (1958) 37 cópias
The flagship Hope (1960) 34 cópias
Fifty Years in the Doghouse (1963) 12 cópias
My love affair with music (1960) 6 cópias
Janine is French (1959) 6 cópias
The Sword Dyrnwyn (1973) 5 cópias
Le Cronache di Prydain (2022) 3 cópias
The Stone [short story] (1973) 2 cópias
Top and Toby (1993) 2 cópias
And Let the Credit Go (1955) 2 cópias
Max Mondrosch 2 cópias
Newbery Award Acceptance 1 exemplar(es)
Three Complete Novels 1 exemplar(es)
PEACE 1 exemplar(es)
The Foundling [short story] (1973) 1 exemplar(es)
The Sacred City of Cats 1 exemplar(es)

Associated Works

Nausea (1959) — Tradutor, algumas edições9,955 cópias
The Wall: Stories (1938) — Tradutor, algumas edições2,698 cópias
The Big Book for Peace (1990) — Contribuinte — 821 cópias
Guys Write for Guys Read (2005) — Contribuinte — 769 cópias
The Dark Frigate (1923) — Introdução, algumas edições746 cópias
The Black Cauldron [1985 film] (1985) — Original book — 262 cópias
The Wand in the Word: Conversations with Writers of Fantasy (2006) — Contribuinte — 239 cópias
The Fantastic Imagination (1977) — Contribuinte — 154 cópias
A Newbery Halloween (1991) — Introdução — 153 cópias
The Fantastic Imagination II (1978) — Contribuinte — 96 cópias
Best Shorts: Favorite Stories for Sharing (2006) — Contribuinte — 90 cópias
The Penguin Book of Classic Children's Characters (1997) — Contribuinte — 88 cópias
The Year's Best Fantasy Stories (1980) — Contribuinte — 86 cópias
The Kingfisher Treasury of Princess Stories (2001) — Contribuinte — 54 cópias
Celebrate Cricket: 30 Years of Stories and Art (2003) — Contribuinte — 43 cópias
Le livre d'or de la Science-Fiction : Le monde des chimères (1981) — Contribuinte — 19 cópias
Visions and Imaginations: Classic Fantasy Fiction (2005) — Contribuinte — 13 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 1, September 1974 (1974) — Ilustrador — 7 cópias
Tales Beyond Time: From Fantasy to Science Fiction. (1973) — Contribuinte — 7 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 5, January 1974 (1974) — Ilustrador — 6 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 3, November 1974 (1974) — Contribuinte — 5 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 2, October 1973 (1973) — Contribuinte — 5 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 3, November 1976 (1976) — Contribuinte — 5 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 8, April 1974 (1974) — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 9, May 1975 (1975) — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 4, December 1976 (1976) — Contribuinte — 4 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 10, June 1975 (1975) — Contribuinte — 3 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 2, October 1976 (1976) — Contribuinte — 3 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 5, January 1977 (1977) — Contribuinte — 3 cópias
Cricket Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 1, September 1977 (1977) — Ilustrador — 3 cópias
The Wall: (Intimacy) and Other Stories (1969) — Tradutor, algumas edições3 cópias

Etiquetado

(431) 20th century (260) adventure (1,238) anthology (356) cats (205) children (617) children's (1,594) children's fiction (401) children's literature (677) classics (244) existentialism (678) fantasy (8,829) fiction (5,411) French (367) French literature (461) historical fiction (246) juvenile (436) juvenile fiction (298) kids (218) literature (439) Lloyd Alexander (320) magic (529) Newbery Medal (227) novel (571) own (291) paperback (256) philosophy (680) Prydain (912) Prydain Chronicles (963) read (694) science fiction (201) series (727) sff (356) short stories (511) to-read (1,743) unread (275) Wales (327) Welsh mythology (207) YA (1,321) young adult (1,571)

Conhecimento Comum

Nome de batismo
Alexander, Lloyd Chudley
Data de nascimento
1924-01-30
Data de falecimento
2007-05-17
Local de enterro
Arlington Cemetery, Drexel Hill, Delaware County, Pennsylvania (USA Plot: Monticello Mausoleum, B4-Back Wall)
Sexo
male
Nacionalidade
USA
Local de nascimento
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Local de falecimento
Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania, USA
Causa da morte
cancer
Educação
Upper Darby High School (graduated 1940)
University of Paris
Haverford College
Ocupação
author
soldier
Relacionamentos
Denni, Janine (wife)
Khalil, Madeleine (daughter)
November, Sharyn (goddaughter)
Organizações
United States Army (WWII)
Premiações
Upper Darby High School Wall of Fame
Regina Medal (1986)
Pequena biografia
[from The Wizard in the Tree]
Lloyd Alexander received the Newbery medal for The High King, the fifth and final book of his distinguished fantasy series about the kingdom of Prydain. His The Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian, which won the 1971 National Book Award for Children's Books, was described in The Horn Book as "a comic fantasy, successfully combining eighteenth-century briskness with romantic 'moonshine'. It can be read as an exciting series of adventures, of which many of the chapters end with a suspense line. Or it can be read as an allegory on the ambivalent power of beauty. Or -- best of all -- it can be read as the story of Sebastian's apprenticeship to life".

Mr. Alexander's The Cat Who Wished to Be a Man was an ALA Notable Children's Book of 1973. Said School Library Journal, "Lionel, a wizard's cat, persuades his master to turn him into a man. . . . Infused with humor, high spirits, and compassion, Lionel's story is a parable of the human condition that recognizes mankind's many frailties without despariing and offers hope that love and justice may sometimes prevail".

Membros

Discussions

***Group Read: The Chronicles of Prydain (Spoiler) em 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Maio 2010)
***Group Read: The Chronicles of Prydain by Lloyd Alexander em 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Maio 2010)
Group Read: The Chronicles of Prydain by Lloyd Alexander em 75 Books Challenge for 2009 (Dezembro 2009)

Resenhas

Actually really poignant. Whether it's deliberate or just a maturation of Alexander's writing, this final book in the series sheds much of the bland, expository dialogue in favour of a poetic, elegaic tone. The series became increasingly aformulaic and, while "The High King" starts out very traditionally, it gradually expands into a mournful yet thrilling climax.
 
Marcado
therebelprince | outras 57 resenhas | Apr 21, 2024 |
In which Taran must lose himself to find himself...

The most literary of the series, Taran Wanderer is probably my favourite thus far. Alexander seems to have got all his Tolkien ambition out of his system, and this book retreats back into a lovely, picaresque character study.

While several of the main characters return, many - including a couple of notable omissions - get a rest, which allows the format to focus on Taran's development. Here, he surpasses so many young orphan boys of fantasy lore, establishing a quest to genuinely find himself, whatever the answer may be. Along the way, he encounters numerous paragons of evil, of treachery, of cowardice, self-deceit, hypocrisy, and vapidity. At the same time, he meets people completely contented with their lot, and attempts to find his own place in the world.

There's not as much outright comedy in this book, although there are many moments of truth that earn a warm, knowing smile. And, along with the bard and the Fair Folk, Gurgi provides more than his fair share of joys. Is there any sight more beautiful in this series than that of Gurgi, perfectly cheerful, at the head of a small army of sheep? Adorable.

I'll be interested to see how Alexander ties things up in the final book, but certainly Taran Wanderer is an admirable continuation of the story.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
therebelprince | outras 61 resenhas | Apr 21, 2024 |
In which Eilonwy is given a new opportunity, but all is built on sand...

The third book of The Chronicles of Prydain is my favourite thus far. Yet it's a far different beast from the previous two.

I was worried after The Black Cauldron that each book would just be a straightforward quest story reuniting all the same characters. Instead, I longed for a Narnia-esque series in which different aspects of Prydain could be explored. For this novel, we do get a reunion of the main characters, but most of the supporting cast take some time off, which creates a sense of difference here. Eilonwy is one of the series' strongest characters, and it's wonderful to discover her backstory - even if most of it was unknown even to the princess herself. Unfortunately, she's sidelined for most of the novel, but thankfully the young lady has so impressed us in previous books that we genuinely fear for her safety. (Sadly, the 'Big Bad' of the series is also sidelined for the most part, which is a shame since she has a great presence.)

Alexander uses the quest for Eilonwy to explore new parts of Prydain, and to add a lot of history and mysticism. It really works, and creates a sense that things are going to build nicely in the final two books. As always, he mixes a moral quest with haunting reality, and creates genuine obstacles for his characters to overcome.

Still, The Castle of Llyr bears a couple of the same flaws as its predecessors. I listen to a lot of audio plays, and the dialogue here is sometimes similar. Even when they're being chased by a giant mountain lion, the characters speak in lengthy, descriptive passages. Alexander could surely accomplish the same things with passages of prose instead! This is more annoying in this book than previous, because there are some interesting character developments that could have been more subtly handled. Taran is discovering his feelings for Eilonwy, and the new character of Prince Rhun turns out to have a lovely arc. I can see how it would work on television or film, whereas here the arc seems a bit deflated. He develops from fool to fool aware of his status to reluctant hero. Late in the book, it becomes clear that he's realising something exists between Eilonwy and Taran, even as he hopes to be her betrothed. Still, this all comes across in expository conversations, rather than anything more.

Ultimately, The Castle of Llyr is strong enough in its set pieces and quest narrative that it overcomes these weaknesses. The final setting - a half-sunken castle - is gorgeous, and I'll be very interested to see where Alexander takes these characters (both heroes and villains) as we head into the final two novels. There is a slowly growing tension here, but as yet nothing that suggests the series is coming to its end. I can easily see Prydain being further explored for many books to come. Still, I can't wait to experience the next one.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
therebelprince | outras 59 resenhas | Apr 21, 2024 |
In which Taran the assistant pig keeper sets out with a merry band of followers, to find a pig and thus save the world.

If the Amazon.com reviews are any indication, Lloyd Alexander's five-book series, The Chronicles of Prydain, has its detractors. They see it as a pale imitation of Lord of the Rings, complete with gollum-esque creature (who at least happens to be working for the good guys). They point out Alexander's expository dialogue, his rapid descriptions that leave little time for characters or sequences to make an impact, and the fact that - unlike the best children's fiction - his work is designed to appeal only to children and not to adults.

Well, I won't deny: all of those things are - to some extent - true. The obvious debt to Tolkien (and C.S. Lewis) is undeniable and occasionally uncanny. And Alexander is neither a literary giant nor a consummate non-literary storyteller on par with, say, J.K. Rowling.

Yet, I'm inclined to think the haters are being a bit unsporting about it all. The Book of Three, which opens the series, is a delightful little quest story. It's an easy, fast-paced read, which opens up an entire world of characters and species. The most delightful characters are the Princess Eilonwy, whose refusal to be relegated to the role of "female" is laudable, and the dwarf Doli, who wishes he could be invisible. Alexander's morals are in the right place for a book aimed squarely at children, but this is no bloodless Narnia. The injuries and horrors committed by the Horned King and his minions are all too real. It really raises the stakes, and if the book is about Taran learning there is more to the world than an idyllic life raising pigs, it succeeds.

There's also a great humanist skein running through the book. Medwyn, the protector of animals, eats only a vegetarian diet, while Taran is constantly forced to learn that there are many outlooks and ways of being in Prydain. And the dialogue is actually quite apt for each character. You know you're in safe hands when Gurgi - Prydain's equivalent of Gollum or, dare I say, Jar Jar Binks - is adorable rather than mawkish.

I do wish sometimes that Alexander would let each sequence breathe. I'm halfway through the second book, The Black Cauldron, and I feel like I've met an endless array of characters while drunk at a party, never able to get a firm grasp on them. But perhaps these are the limitations of a children's author when facing book length and the attention span of youngsters.

Either way, I'll give the thumbs-up to The Chronicles of Prydain so far. Even if it isn't always beautifully or densely written, it's intelligently written, and that makes all the difference.
… (mais)
 
Marcado
therebelprince | outras 167 resenhas | Apr 21, 2024 |

Listas

1960s (4)

Prêmios

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Associated Authors

Estatísticas

Obras
84
Also by
37
Membros
49,341
Popularidade
#317
Avaliação
3.9
Resenhas
709
ISBNs
718
Idiomas
18
Favorito
150

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